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Energy Transition Through Waste-to-Energy Projects in Peri-Urban and Rural Areas
Jan 25, 2023

Energy Transition Through Waste-to-Energy Projects in Peri-Urban and Rural Areas

Waste-to-energy projects in India have historically been city-centric. As cities are well-served by LPG and CNG distribution systems, the Bio-CNG produced has to be used for either fuelling urban public transport, or moved to rural areas at considerable cost. Distributed production and distribution of compressed biogas (CBG) from municipal organic waste in rural and peri-urban areas could be a cheaper option for local consumers. Such prod

Enter the ‘DragonBear’: The Russia-China Partnership and What it Means for Geopolitics
Aug 14, 2023

Enter the ‘DragonBear’: The Russia-China Partnership and What it Means for Geopolitics

Russia’s ongoing war against Ukraine follows its annexation of Crimea in 2014 and its continued direct support for separatist activities in eastern Ukraine, marking a new chapter in Moscow's geopolitical approach. China's response and its overt diplomatic, financial, and economic support for Russia was also noteworthy. This brief assesses the contours of the new geopolitical formation (the ‘DragonBear’, a term coined by this author)

Estonian Case – डिजिटल पब्लिक इंफ़्रास्ट्रक्चर का विकास और प्रसार
Jul 18, 2023

Estonian Case – डिजिटल पब्लिक इंफ़्रास्ट्रक्चर का विकास और प्रसार

एस्टोनियाई अनुभव ने हमें बताया है कि डीपीआई (Digital Public Infrastructure) �

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward
Aug 17, 2023

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward

In recent years, different research institutions, government bodies, and private entities across countries have issued principles and guidelines for the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence (AI). There is little consensus, however, over universal ethical principles and how to implement them. What are the similarities and differences in AI ethics discussions across geographies, and what are the existing gaps? Crucially, if the larger goa

EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?
Apr 22, 2004

EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?

The immediate concerted European response in the aftermath of Madrid blasts on March 11, 2004 was the creation of the post of a Counter-Terrorism Coordinator, who would directly work under the European Union (EU) High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana. In fact, the idea of effective counter-terror coordination and intelligence sharing

EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?
Apr 22, 2004

EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?

The immediate concerted European response in the aftermath of Madrid blasts on March 11, 2004 was the creation of the post of a Counter-Terrorism Coordinator, who would directly work under the European Union (EU) High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana. In fact, the idea of effective counter-terror coordination and intelligence sharing

EU चा स्थलांतर करार आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल
Oct 11, 2023

EU चा स्थलांतर करार आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल

सात वर्षांच्या वाटाघाटींनंतर, नवीन कराराने युरोपियन युनियनच्या आश्रय आणि स्थलांतर नियमावलीच्या आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल उचलले आहे.

EU-US समिट: भू-राजनीतीपेक्षाही व्यापार अधिक गोंधळलेला
Nov 03, 2023

EU-US समिट: भू-राजनीतीपेक्षाही व्यापार अधिक गोंधळलेला

EU आणि यूएस या दोन्ही देशांमध्ये आगामी वर्षात म्हणजे 2024 मध�

Europe, Russia and attitudes towards the ‘New Cold War’ between US and China
Jun 09, 2020

Europe, Russia and attitudes towards the ‘New Cold War’ between US and China

In the near future we will be able to observe a certain convergence of the diplomatic positions of Europe and Russia regarding the central problems of

Examining China’s adherence to international norms
Aug 20, 2023

Examining China’s adherence to international norms

China has often showed a lack of willingness to abide by not only established international law but also certain norms that the global community has fostered over the years. It has flouted the decision issued by an arbitration court at The Hague regarding its claims in the South China Sea; it has also appropriated intellectual property.  In the 1970s when the Western economies were taking the lead in setting global norms while balancing the thre

Experiments in Alcohol Prohibition: A Review of Maharashtra’s Chandrapur Experience
Aug 14, 2023

Experiments in Alcohol Prohibition: A Review of Maharashtra’s Chandrapur Experience

Maharashtra imposed alcohol prohibition in the Chandrapur district in April 2015. However, in 2021, the state government annulled the liquor ban as evidence indicated that the district administration had failed to comprehensively implement it, with several social and economic consequences that compromised the wellbeing of Chandrapur. Experiments in prohibition in India and the US show that it is nearly impossible for such widespread socia

Experts for collaborative approach to deal with water challenges in South Asia
Aug 06, 2010

Experts for collaborative approach to deal with water challenges in South Asia

Outlining the need for a concerted effort to deal with water challenges in South Asia, experts at a roundtable suggested that there was a strong reason to create collaborative rather than competitive frameworks.

Exploring New Trends in Development Finance through Private Capital
Jul 27, 2021

Exploring New Trends in Development Finance through Private Capital

This brief examines the efficacy of the inclusion of private capital in development finance, using the cases of certain countries that have met with success in utilising such a strategy. It underlines the experiences of institutions like the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) and the United States International Development Finance Corporation (US-IDFC) that use innovative financial tools to support international financial institution

Exploring the Inequities of Climate Finance
Aug 14, 2023

Exploring the Inequities of Climate Finance

Over the last few decades, a global climate finance architecture has emerged to channel domestic and international funds towards climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts. However, mobilising climate capital at scale has been a challenge, particularly in the Global South, since the current financial system is inept at including climate change metrics in its capital allocation and disbursement processes, and applying a climate justi

Exploring the Metaverse: Challenges and Opportunities for India in the ‘Next Internet’
Aug 16, 2023

Exploring the Metaverse: Challenges and Opportunities for India in the ‘Next Internet’

The metaverse is a real-time, three-dimensional world that is accessible through Virtual Reality (VR) head-mounted display. Called ‘the next Internet’, the metaverse is multi-technology and incorporates hardware infrastructure with immersive technology, blockchain technology, computer vision, and ubiquitous interfaces. Globally, metaverse is still in the nascent stage as stakeholders work to figure out its innovative and practical app

Fast-Tracking the Flight of India’s Drone Industry
Aug 16, 2023

Fast-Tracking the Flight of India’s Drone Industry

India is keen to leverage its nascent civilian drone (or unmanned aerial vehicle) industry to become a global hub. Since 2021, it has built a conducive policy ecosystem to support the domestic drone industry. In what this brief collectively calls the ‘Drone Regulations 3.0’, it includes the liberalised Drone Rules 2021, a production linked incentive scheme, the unmanned aerial vehicle traffic management policy, the certification scheme for un

Fighting Future Wars: Preparing India for Conflicts in the 21st Century
Aug 14, 2023

Fighting Future Wars: Preparing India for Conflicts in the 21st Century

A nation-state—with its numerous institutions, actors, and daily interactions—is a complex system and it is a tall task to predict the future trajectory of any of its sub-systems such as the armed forces. What is certain, though, is that every sovereign state aims to have a military that is of the highest possible calibre. One of two paths may be chosen to achieve this goal: tying-in the military’s capability development with the ec

Fighting the 'Islamic State', with Islamic States as Allies?
Sep 15, 2014

Fighting the 'Islamic State', with Islamic States as Allies?

If the War on Terror-2.0 is to be carried out only by drones and the US/NATO Air-forces, one can be certain that the 'Islamic State' will retain control over its territory in Iraq and Syria for a long time to come.

Financial Inclusion of Women: Current Evidence from India
Aug 17, 2023

Financial Inclusion of Women: Current Evidence from India

Financial inclusion is critical to achieving the economic empowerment of women—one of the targets under the fifth Sustainable Development Goal on gender equality. In India, one in every five women lack access to a bank account. Although the country’s programmes promoting financial inclusion have increased the percentage of women having access to a bank account, wide gaps remain in account use, and access to savings and credit. Women c

Finding Solutions to Fishermen Transgressions in the India-Bangladesh Maritime Space
Sep 10, 2021

Finding Solutions to Fishermen Transgressions in the India-Bangladesh Maritime Space

Aiming to secure their marine resources in the Bay of Bengal, India and Bangladesh settled their maritime boundary in 2014. Despite the delimitation, however, fishers from both countries continue to commit unlawful forays into each other's sovereign waters, leading to the enforcement of punitive measures against those accused or convicted. Such incidents not only jeopardise the fishers’ livelihoods, but repeated occurrences also nettle relation

Focus on pilots selection, training
Mar 30, 2015

Focus on pilots selection, training

Given that pilot training is solely based on an individual's ability to afford it, and his selection by airlines dependent not just on an assessment of his capabilities but also the question of supply and demand, we can be fairly certain that unless this aspect is given due consideration, incidents like that of Germanwings will continue to plague us.

Foreign Fighters in Ukraine: The Indian Position
Aug 14, 2023

Foreign Fighters in Ukraine: The Indian Position

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has led to a full-fledged international armed conflict, and the Ukrainian president has issued a call to people across the world to join the country’s battle through the International Legion of Territorial Defence (ILTD). At the time of writing, 500 Indians have submitted applications to join the ILTD, and one is already in the force. This brief contextualises the rise of Indians fighting ‘foreign’ war

Forging China-Resistant Supplier Compacts
Aug 14, 2023

Forging China-Resistant Supplier Compacts

China’s approach to trade has stood impervious to change. It is time for a new geoeconomic approach to counter China. Like-minded nations can fashion rapid arrangements to grow the supply chains that matter most, such as for electric vehicles (EV). The US and India, plus Australia, Canada, Japan, Britain, Taiwan, Korea, and Mexico can form an EV supply chain compact to create a level playing field within the group and incentivise their

From hedging states to trump cards: China isn’t backing down in South Asia
Dec 28, 2020

From hedging states to trump cards: China isn’t backing down in South Asia

China isn’t going away any time soon from South Asia. India will have to work overtime — and in concert with like-minded partners.

From sea to space: India and France deepen security cooperation
Mar 15, 2018

From sea to space: India and France deepen security cooperation

Underlying all practical steps between India and France is a shared strategic vision, particularly driven by the strategic uncertainties around China’s rise and its growing assertiveness.

From Trump to Biden, Continuity and Change in the US’s China Policy
Aug 16, 2023

From Trump to Biden, Continuity and Change in the US’s China Policy

A year and a half since United States (US) President Joe Biden took the helm, both sides of the country’s political divide continue to debate whether the incumbent’s China policy is distinct from that of the Trump administration. The Republicans claim that Biden’s China policy has not veered away from Trump’s; the Democrats, meanwhile, argue that it is different. This brief weighs in on the debate, and finds that despite the Biden

Future of Europe
Sep 30, 2017

Future of Europe

In the current phase of globalisation, where uncertainty and disruption have become the new norm, Europe is no exception.

G20 agenda for improved food security under India’s Presidency
Apr 24, 2023

G20 agenda for improved food security under India’s Presidency

Food insecurity remains a significant challenge in many G20 nations; concerted efforts are needed to address the issue

G20 Presidency: जी20 की अध्यक्षता और भविष्य की राह में भारत की बढ़ती धाक!
Jul 26, 2023

G20 Presidency: जी20 की अध्यक्षता और भविष्य की राह में भारत की बढ़ती धाक!

जी20 के असरदार प्रबंधन से “संशोधित बहुपक्षीयवाद” से जुड़ी भारत की मुहिम को ज़्यादा विश्वसनीयता हासिल हो सकेगी. भारत आज वैश्विक ज़िम्मेदारियों में अपना योगदान देने को तत्प

G20 Presidency: भारत के पास ग्लोबल एजेंडा तय करने का मौका
Jul 26, 2023

G20 Presidency: भारत के पास ग्लोबल एजेंडा तय करने का मौका

वैसे G20 में ग्लोबल अजेंडा को नया स्वरूप देने की भारत की कोशिश की कामयाबी इस बात पर भी निर्भर करेगी कि अन्य देश इसे कितनी गंभीरता से लेते हैं. 

G20 अध्यक्षपद आणि भारताचे आंतरराष्ट्रीय सहमतीचे प्रयत्न
Aug 18, 2023

G20 अध्यक्षपद आणि भारताचे आंतरराष्ट्रीय सहमतीचे प्रयत्न

पंतप्रधान नरेंद्र मोदी यांच्यासमोरील कार्य स्पष्ट आहे: विकास परत आणण्यासाठी जगाला सुरक्षित करा. यासाठी ते G20 च्या आत आणि बाहेर आंतरराष्ट्रीय सहमती निर्माण करत आहेत.

G20 अध्यक्षपदाच्या काळात, भारताने धोरणकर्त्यांशी संवाद साधायला हवा
Sep 26, 2023

G20 अध्यक्षपदाच्या काळात, भारताने धोरणकर्त्यांशी संवाद साधायला हवा

आपल्या G20 अध्यक्षपदाच्या काळात, भारताने सरकार आणि धोरणकर्त्यांशी संवाद साधला पाहिजे आणि या क्षेत्राला चालना देण्यासाठी या क्षेत्राला भेडसावणाऱ्या नियामक अडचणी दूर केल�

G20 का ऋण अदायगी स्थगन कार्यक्रम: ऐतिहासिक पड़ताल!
Jul 04, 2022

G20 का ऋण अदायगी स्थगन कार्यक्रम: ऐतिहासिक पड़ताल!

हाल के समय में वैश्विक कर्ज़ों के स्तरों में उछाल के चलते

G20 की बढ़ी महत्ता, भारत भी तैयार है अपनी भूमिका निभाने में
Jul 26, 2023

G20 की बढ़ी महत्ता, भारत भी तैयार है अपनी भूमिका निभाने में

जी-20 के मंच पर नेताओं के बीच व्यापार तकनीक और आपूर्ति श्रृंखला को बेहतर बनाने पर चर्चा हुई जिसकी आवश्यकता भी थी. अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्तर पर बिगड़े समीकरणों से व्यापार का ताना बा�

G20 पुढे आव्हान जागतिक नवनिर्माणाचे
Dec 03, 2020

G20 पुढे आव्हान जागतिक नवनिर्माणाचे

१९९० पासून जगभरात जी आर्थिक प्रगती झाली आहे, ती चाके कोरोना महामारीमुळे पुन्हा एकदा उलटी फिरतील, अशीच जागतिक परिस्थिती सध्यातरी दिसते आहे.

G20 मजबूत डिजिटल आरोग्य प्रणाली कशी तयार करू शकते?
Nov 01, 2023

G20 मजबूत डिजिटल आरोग्य प्रणाली कशी तयार करू शकते?

विद्यमान उपक्रमांना बळकटी देण्याव्यतिरिक्त, जी -20 आपल्य�

G20 में PM मोदी ने कूटनीतिक बाजी मारी, यूक्रेन जंग को समाप्‍त करने का किया आह्वान
Jul 26, 2023

G20 में PM मोदी ने कूटनीतिक बाजी मारी, यूक्रेन जंग को समाप्‍त करने का किया आह्वान

Modi Speaks in G20 रूस यूक्रेन जंग को समाप्‍त का मामला ऐसे समय उठाया है जब अमेरिका व पश्चिमी देश रूस के प्रति भारत की तटस्‍थता नीति की निंदा कर चुके हैं. हालांकि भारत यह साफ कर चुका है क�

G20 शहरांसाठी ‘जागतिक व्यासपीठ’ हवे
Jan 30, 2021

G20 शहरांसाठी ‘जागतिक व्यासपीठ’ हवे

संयुक्त राष्ट्रांच्या अजेंडा-२०३०मध्ये शहरे सुरक्षित, शाश्वत व सक्षम करणे हे ध्येय आहे. त्यासाठी जी-२० राष्ट्रगटाच्या धर्तीवर सिटी-२० गट बनणे आवश्यक आहे.

Gaining momentum in the Israeli-Japanese relations: The economic and defence dimensions
May 26, 2023

Gaining momentum in the Israeli-Japanese relations: The economic and defence dimensions

Despite certain political differences, Israel and Japan are intending to boost their ties, especially in trade, defence, and tech

Gender Parity in the Entrepreneurship Cycle in Kenya
Jun 06, 2022

Gender Parity in the Entrepreneurship Cycle in Kenya

Gender disparities in Kenya’s entrepreneurship cycle are a manifestation of both the historical marginalisation of women and the structural barriers limiting equal participation in the economy. Recent progress in the legal framework has been suboptimal in closing the gender gaps, as seen in the persistent inequalities in formal employment and the high concentration of unlicensed women-owned enterprises in the informal sector. The inequalities a

Gender-ative AI: An enduring gender bias in generative AI systems
Apr 27, 2023

Gender-ative AI: An enduring gender bias in generative AI systems

Concerted efforts need to be undertaken to close the gender data gap before gender bias becomes an inextricable part of emerging generative AI ecosyst

General election in Nepal: नेपाल के आम-चुनावों पर क्‍यों है भारत और चीन की नज़र?
Jul 27, 2023

General election in Nepal: नेपाल के आम-चुनावों पर क्‍यों है भारत और चीन की नज़र?

नेपाल के आम चुनाव में पड़ोसी मुल्‍क भारत और चीन की दिलचस्‍पी बनी हुई है. खासकर तब जब चीन भारत को चौतरफा घेरने के लिए चीन नेपाल की जमीन का बेजा इस्‍तेमाल करने में लगा हुआ है.

German Chancellor Scholz की China यात्रा: मायने और रिश्तों की भावी दशा दिशा?
Jul 27, 2023

German Chancellor Scholz की China यात्रा: मायने और रिश्तों की भावी दशा दिशा?

जर्मनी (Germany) एक लंबे अर्से से चीन को “एक साथी, एक प्रतिस्पर्

Green Hydrogen: An Opportunity for India-Africa Cooperation
Jan 16, 2023

Green Hydrogen: An Opportunity for India-Africa Cooperation

Although India and Africa have long shared close ties, engagement between the two regions is yet to reach its full potential. However, amid the global green transition and attempts to enhance energy security, green hydrogen—increasingly seen as the ‘fuel of the future’—could provide a new avenue for cooperation between the regions. Such a partnership, focused on building a global value chain for the large-scale adoption of green h

Harnessing Indian Sea Power Post-Galwan: Considerations of Time, Space and Force
May 12, 2023

Harnessing Indian Sea Power Post-Galwan: Considerations of Time, Space and Force

Due to the persistent adversarial nature of the Sino-Indian border environment, and because China is now a de facto maritime neighbour as well, India needs to examine its options of leveraging sea power. This brief analyses some fundamentals of sea control and sea denial, and examines some misconceptions about these. By using factors of time, force and space, the brief argues that while maritime economic warfare (explained as counter-value operat

Has President Trump lost the plot in the Middle East?
Nov 04, 2017

Has President Trump lost the plot in the Middle East?

Not only are the important regional players getting into a huddle to discuss the implications of President Trump’s actions, but are also re-calibrat