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BBIN MVA: फिर ज़िंदा हो उठा बांग्लादेश-भूटान-भारत-नेपाल के बीच मोटर व्हीकल समझौता
Jul 31, 2023

BBIN MVA: फिर ज़िंदा हो उठा बांग्लादेश-भूटान-भारत-नेपाल के बीच मोटर व्हीकल समझौता

BBIN मोटर व्हीकल एग्रीमेंट अब कोई अधूरा ख़्वाब नहीं रहा. क्य

Beefing up cybersecurity for India’s energy transition
Oct 07, 2023

Beefing up cybersecurity for India’s energy transition

To create a world-class clean energy ecosystem in India that is safe, all stakeholders must work collectively to develop all critical components and a

Behind Enemy Lines: Indian Special Forces Need to be Re-organised
Jan 22, 2004

Behind Enemy Lines: Indian Special Forces Need to be Re-organised

In the prevailing era of strategic uncertainty, Special Forces (SF) provide the most reliable means to a government for the application of military force to achieve national security objectives. The SF components of a nation¿s military and other security forces are force multipliers in times of both war and peace.

Between Rhetoric and Strategy: Analysing Evolving European Approaches Towards China
Feb 29, 2024

Between Rhetoric and Strategy: Analysing Evolving European Approaches Towards China

Europe’s relationship with China has transformed in recent years, with Chinese behaviour and actions now increasingly at odds with European values and interests. As Europe adjusts to new global realities amid a full-fledged war, the European Union (EU) and its member states are recalibrating their strategies and relationships with China. This paper aims to decipher these evolutions by assessing the EU approach and those of certain key European

Bhutan’s border dispute: चीन-भूटान सीमा विवाद की पहेली आख़िर कब सुलझेगी?
Jul 27, 2023

Bhutan’s border dispute: चीन-भूटान सीमा विवाद की पहेली आख़िर कब सुलझेगी?

तीनों देशों- भूटान, भारत और चीन, की ओर से तात्कालिकता दिखा�

Biden’s promised expansion of H1B visas will be rife with challenges
Nov 24, 2020

Biden’s promised expansion of H1B visas will be rife with challenges

In gradually restoring the pre-Trump status quo on H1B visas, Biden will first seek to gauge the political viability of increasing temporary work visa

BIMSTEC on the Cusp: Regional Security in Focus
Aug 16, 2023

BIMSTEC on the Cusp: Regional Security in Focus

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is standing on the threshold of a new inning, as it marks its 25th year in 2022. The past months have been momentous for BIMSTEC, as it adopted a charter at the fifth Summit Meeting in March to outline a clearer purpose for the organisation. During the summit, BIMSTEC rationalised its 14 diverse sectors of cooperation into seven core areas of inte

BNPL: क़र्ज़ का लुभावना मकड़जाल: नियामकों के लिए भी एक पहेली
Aug 09, 2023

BNPL: क़र्ज़ का लुभावना मकड़जाल: नियामकों के लिए भी एक पहेली

बीएनपीएल के बढ़ते उपयोग के संदर्भ में आरबीआई को इस बात के

BRICS and BRI: China Aims for Strategic Alignment
Aug 17, 2023

BRICS and BRI: China Aims for Strategic Alignment

China has twice broached the matter of expanding the membership of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa): first, at the 2017 Xiamen Summit, and again, more recently, at the 14th BRICS Leaders’ Meeting in June 2022 convened virtually under the chairmanship of Beijing. With China and India locked in a stalemate along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the Chinese proposal has raised concerns in New Delhi. This brief examine

BRICS: A wall for some and a platform for others
Apr 04, 2013

BRICS: A wall for some and a platform for others

China as the leader of the pack will use BRICS for control and dominance. The West will see this as a threat to existing arrangements and try to pull it down before it takes off. Indian presence will remain weak so long as our economic reforms and progress remain slow and our internal political and policy frameworks remain uncertain.

Bringing India and Thailand Closer via the Trilateral Highway Through Myanmar
Nov 21, 2023

Bringing India and Thailand Closer via the Trilateral Highway Through Myanmar

This brief underlines the immense potential for increased cross-border trade, tourism, and people-to-people interactions between India and its Southeast Asian neighbours. In particular, it evaluates the importance of India–Thailand relations, emphasising the present state of the India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway (IMT-TH). Although India and Thailand share a maritime boundary along India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Th

Building Climate-Resilient Food Systems
Aug 16, 2023

Building Climate-Resilient Food Systems

Climate change, conflicts, and various crises have exposed the vulnerabilities of global food systems. Acute food insecurity and undernourishment have become more prevalent in recent times, and the imperative is to build more robust and sustainable food systems that do not adversely impact the environment. The COVID-19 pandemic has only underlined the importance of food security in times of crises. This brief explores the promise of clima

Building Resilience in India’s Power Sector
Jul 21, 2023

Building Resilience in India’s Power Sector

India’s power sector requires sustained efforts to achieve the power generating capacity target of approximately 1.2 terawatts by 2047. It needs such capacity to meet the demands of economic growth and achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 7 of providing universal electricity access. At the same time, the country also needs to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to meet commitments to global climate action agreements. This paper revi

Building ‘stable, predicable’ US-Russia ties: dream or reality?
Nov 03, 2021

Building ‘stable, predicable’ US-Russia ties: dream or reality?

US-Russia relations is becoming more stable post the Geneva Summit; however, frictions over certain issues shows the fragility of this relationship.

CAATSA, रूस से S-400s मिसाइल की खरीद और भारत की सुरक्षा के स्वदेशीकरण की चुनौती
Jul 29, 2023

CAATSA, रूस से S-400s मिसाइल की खरीद और भारत की सुरक्षा के स्वदेशीकरण की चुनौती

भारत को सैन्य हार्डवेयर की ख़रीद को लेकर संयुक्त राज्य अ�

Can Communal Violence Fuel an ISIS Threat in India? An Analysis of ‘Voice of Hind’
Sep 04, 2020

Can Communal Violence Fuel an ISIS Threat in India? An Analysis of ‘Voice of Hind’

In early 2020 the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) published an India-centric propaganda material called Voice of Hind. This special report examines the first issue of the publication, which openly recruits Indian Muslims by manipulating the fears and grievances they harbour owing to certain political developments in the country. The analysis uses theories of social psychology, inter-group conflict discourse, and communications theory to pr

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?
Aug 17, 2023

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?

Economic sanctions are often seen as an alternative to war, but they do not always have the desired effect. This brief argues that for such sanctions to be effective, economic interdependence must be established, economic rationality must outweigh political ambition in the sanctioned country, and the message of the sanctions must be clear. Using the sanctions against Russia as an example, this brief contends that because of the interdepen

Can the new China-India thaw last?
Oct 23, 2018

Can the new China-India thaw last?

Despite India’s recent seeking of friendlier ties with Beijing, the future prospects for relations remain uncertain.

Can we make the CBAM work for India?
Apr 10, 2024

Can we make the CBAM work for India?

For India, the CBAM entails more than just export reductions to the EU. It also prompts concerns about equity, efficiency, and alignment with certain

Capital Flows in the Quantitative Easing Era: Building Resilience in Emerging Economies
Sep 13, 2023

Capital Flows in the Quantitative Easing Era: Building Resilience in Emerging Economies

This paper highlights the risks that emerging economies are exposed to given the extended use of Unconventional Monetary Policies in advanced economies. It also explores how financial resilience of emerging economies can be increased to ensure stable economic growth.

Case for R&D in Climate Tech Innovation: जलवायु प्रोद्योगिकी नवाचार में अनुसंधान और विकास के मायने
Jul 26, 2023

Case for R&D in Climate Tech Innovation: जलवायु प्रोद्योगिकी नवाचार में अनुसंधान और विकास के मायने

सरकार, निवेशकों, संस्थाओं एवं उद्यमियों की तरफ से एकसाथ म�

Catalysing Cultural Entrepreneurship in India
Aug 14, 2023

Catalysing Cultural Entrepreneurship in India

Cultural entrepreneurship promotes a country’s heritage, resources and creative talents through products, services, and experiences. It shapes the country’s cultural economy; enables economic growth, innovation, and sociocultural development; and, when exported, contributes towards building soft power. India, with a millennia-old heritage, indigenous knowledge systems, and practices, has the potential to become a leading cultural and

CCP’s 20th Congress: Xi’s Return and Implications for the People’s Liberation Army
Jan 20, 2023

CCP’s 20th Congress: Xi’s Return and Implications for the People’s Liberation Army

The quinquennial National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is typically the venue for political leadership changes and any restructuring of the country’s military apparatus. However, the 20th CCP Congress in October 2022 saw Chinese President Xi Jinping consolidate his control over the state and military. This brief seeks to understand what Xi’s third term as CCP chief and Central Military Commission chair will mean for t

Centre needs to continue pace of labour reforms
Dec 03, 2014

Centre needs to continue pace of labour reforms

The labour laws certainly represent a small step but the introduction of even small reforms in labour legislations was long awaited to keep at bay the rising discontent among domestic as well as foreign entrepreneurs from India's manufacturing sector.

Centre-State Relations in India: Time for a New Framework
Apr 09, 2015

Centre-State Relations in India: Time for a New Framework

This paper assesses the major shifts that have occurred in the country's federal system in the last three decades. It also provides a list of recommendations to improve Centre-state relations in India.

CEPC: पाकिस्तान में अस्थिरता पैदा करता चीन और पाकिस्तान का आर्थिक गलियारा!
Jul 30, 2023

CEPC: पाकिस्तान में अस्थिरता पैदा करता चीन और पाकिस्तान का आर्थिक गलियारा!

अफ़ग़ानिस्तान और पाकिस्तान में सक्रिय संगठनों को क़ाबू �

Challenges and Opportunities for India in the Post-Pandemic Geopolitical Landscape
Jul 07, 2021

Challenges and Opportunities for India in the Post-Pandemic Geopolitical Landscape

During the Cold War, India navigated its external relations guided largely by the doctrine and practice of non-alignment. In these contemporary times, the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to inaugurate a period of heightened geopolitical rivalries, with the United States and China as the principal poles. India will be differently positioned in this post-Covid “new normal” than it was in the era of the Cold War and therefore will need differe

Change Management in Societal Transformation: The Case of Saudi Arabia’s ‘Vision 2030’
Jul 25, 2022

Change Management in Societal Transformation: The Case of Saudi Arabia’s ‘Vision 2030’

A transformation is sweeping Saudi Arabia, and certain elements of it can be attributed to ‘Vision 2030’, a strategic plan launched in 2016. The vision—framed by a paradigm shift in the country’s economic, social, and cultural landscape—will have implications beyond Saudi Arabia itself, given the country’s position as leader of the Arab and Islamic world. The biggest challenge to such a metamorphosis is adoption among citizens, who wi

Changing US-Iran relations and India
Jan 17, 2014

Changing US-Iran relations and India

Iran's cancellation of $500 million funding to Pakistan for the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline indicates Iran's clout in regional energy affairs. It is unclear why Iran took this sudden step. Is President Rouhani merely fine-tuning some of the policies of his predecessor? But there is certainly more to this than meets the eye.

Childhood wasting in India on rise: Here’s what should be done
Oct 16, 2017

Childhood wasting in India on rise: Here’s what should be done

Wasting is easily reversible once the impact of infectious disease recedes and health status improve. Severe wasting, however, requires concerted medical attention along with appropriate nutritional intake.

China BRI Project: भारत की सामरिक चुनौतियों से क्‍या है इसका लिंक
Aug 25, 2022

China BRI Project: भारत की सामरिक चुनौतियों से क्‍या है इसका लिंक

दक्षिण एशिया में कई मुल्‍कों में आए आर्थिक संकट की आंच ची�

China Courts the Taliban
Sep 30, 2023

China Courts the Taliban

China has appointed a new ambassador to Afghanistan, signaling its growing support for the Taliban. While other countries have not formally recognized the emirate, China's decision to appoint a new ambassador demonstrates its willingness to make its support more explicit without de jure recognition. China has already signed oil and mining deals with the Taliban, and has shown interest in investing in Afghanistan's mineral deposits.

China Weekly Report | Volume VI; Issue 40 | China’s President warns APEC leaders against isolationism
Nov 25, 2016

China Weekly Report | Volume VI; Issue 40 | China’s President warns APEC leaders against isolationism

Chinese President Xi Jinping has called on Apec nations to play a leading role in global economy, which faces challenges and uncertainty and other roundups

China won’t be able to control the pandemic narrative
Apr 01, 2020

China won’t be able to control the pandemic narrative

While there certainly can be questions about how other countries have handled this pandemic, China’s culpability and its mendacity is now beyond que

China's maritime quest in the Indian Ocean: New Delhi's options
Apr 21, 2018

China's maritime quest in the Indian Ocean: New Delhi's options

India’s inability to develop interdependencies with neighbouring countries, both economically and strategically, has left a void that China has dutifully filled. There still remains a window for India to correct its past mistakes and develop a concerted strategy to regain influence in the region.

China-Japan-Korea:Tangled Relationships
Aug 11, 2023

China-Japan-Korea:Tangled Relationships

Territorial disputes between China and Japan over the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands in the East China Sea and between Japan and South Korea over the Takeshima/Dokdo islands in the Sea of Japan have,particularly in the second half of 2012, given rise to concerns about peace and security in North East Asia. Territorial disputes between China and Japan over the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands in the East China Sea and between Japan and South Korea over the Takes

China’s Great Tech Wall: ‘विशाल तकनीकी दीवार’ के पीछे चीन का नया इकोसिस्टम!
Jul 27, 2023

China’s Great Tech Wall: ‘विशाल तकनीकी दीवार’ के पीछे चीन का नया इकोसिस्टम!

आत्मनिर्भरता हासिल करने की उम्मीद और अमेरिका के द्वारा स

China’s long game in West Asia
Oct 17, 2023

China’s long game in West Asia

The West is straining to maintain control over the Gaza war while simultaneously dealing with the conflict in Ukraine; will China be able to make the

China’s military manoeuvres in the Taiwan Strait
Aug 09, 2022

China’s military manoeuvres in the Taiwan Strait

The recent military drills by the PLA are to ascertain the nature of Taiwan’s response.

China’s Military-Civil Fusion Strategy, the US Response, and Implications for India
Jul 21, 2023

China’s Military-Civil Fusion Strategy, the US Response, and Implications for India

Military modernisation was the fourth and last of Deng Xiaoping’s ‘Four Modernisations’. Even before the third modernisation got underway—that of science and technology—China began using commercial technologies to advance its military capabilities. This strategy has gained salience since Xi Jinping came to power in 2012 and made it the state’s key goal to transform the PLA into a “world-class military”. Military-Civil Fusi

China’s Nuclear Ambitions, the Implications for India, and the Future of Global Disarmament
Aug 16, 2023

China’s Nuclear Ambitions, the Implications for India, and the Future of Global Disarmament

China’s nuclear weapons arsenal has grown and modernised over the recent years, and current estimates say the country has 350 operational warheads ready for delivery, over 248 land-based ballistic missiles, and 72 sea-based ballistic missiles. China also has 20 nuclear gravity bombs and additional warheads intended to be armed on land- and sea-based missiles. This brief outlines a history of China’s nuclear weapons programme, scrutini

China’s Sharp Power: Blunting the World’s Edge or a Moment of Global Awakening?
Aug 16, 2023

China’s Sharp Power: Blunting the World’s Edge or a Moment of Global Awakening?

Sharp power—a state's attempt to alter the behaviour of other countries through the manipulation of culture, education systems, and the media to further its interests—is a key tool of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Issues related to regime legitimacy and the CCP's development priorities have shaped China's sharp power approach. In the Xi Jinping era, there is some anxiety in the party ranks that external conditions are turning aga

China’s sharp power: दुनिया की धार को करेगी कुंद या होगा ये वैश्विक जागरण का पल?
Jul 27, 2023

China’s sharp power: दुनिया की धार को करेगी कुंद या होगा ये वैश्विक जागरण का पल?

शार्प पॉवर (sharp power) - एक देश की सांस्कृतिक, शैक्षणिक व्यवस्था और मीडिया बर्ताव में तिकड़म का उपयोग करते हुए परिवर्तन की कोशिश करते हुए दूसरे देश को प्रभावित करने का प्रयास - चीन

China’s Xinjiang Policy: The Imperative for India
May 12, 2021

China’s Xinjiang Policy: The Imperative for India

Over the past two decades, China, in the name of counterterrorism has been carrying out a repressive campaign against the minority Muslim Uyghur population in its northwest region of Xinjiang. Its policy has provoked widespread condemnation from Western democracies. However, Beijing appears unscathed by such criticisms, especially as the Muslim world has either remained silent, or else have approved China’s actions in the region. This pap

Chinese influence over Central Asia: मध्य एशिया पर चीन का बढ़ता प्रभाव
Jul 26, 2023

Chinese influence over Central Asia: मध्य एशिया पर चीन का बढ़ता प्रभाव

मध्य एशिया पर बढ़ते नियंत्रण के साथ-साथ दुनिया में चीन का

Chinese views on the evolving dynamics of US-China-Russia ties
Feb 16, 2022

Chinese views on the evolving dynamics of US-China-Russia ties

The benefits from Russia-China relations outweighs the benefits that each could receive from their relationship with the US, however, uncertainty loom

Cities, not nation states, are likely to script the next age
Oct 16, 2017

Cities, not nation states, are likely to script the next age

It is almost certain that cities will script the story of our future. If India is to capitalise on this megatrend, it becomes essential for the country to engage in widespread and deep reforms, which go beyond infrastructure and focus on reforming governance mechanisms and empowering local government.