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Qatar’s Stakes in an Evolving West Asia
Aug 17, 2023

Qatar’s Stakes in an Evolving West Asia

In November 2022, Qatar will become the first state in West Asia and the Arab world to host the coveted FIFA football World Cup. Doha’s winning the hosting rights has brought the country—home to only 2.9 million people, more than eight out of every ten of whom are foreign workers—out of the shadow of its large, and more powerful regional neighbours such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This brief views thi

Quad Vadis? A Risk Assessment of the Quad’s Emerging Cybersecurity Partnership
Aug 17, 2023

Quad Vadis? A Risk Assessment of the Quad’s Emerging Cybersecurity Partnership

The Quad’s growing effort to shape international norms and rules in the Indo-Pacific is taking place in an environment fraught with multiple challenges. China’s assertive rise as well as internal differences within the group pose significant risks to the plurilateral platform’s mission of creating a free, open, and secure Indo-Pacific. Focusing on the Quad’s cybersecurity cooperation, this brief examines the various internal and e

Quality rules in India: Trade, technical regulations and consumer protection
Aug 21, 2023

Quality rules in India: Trade, technical regulations and consumer protection

India’s competitiveness in manufacturing and the success of ‘Make in India’ depend on its ability to produce high-quality products and services. Product quality is important for human health and consumer safety, as well as for protecting the climate and the environment. One way of ensuring that products and services meet certain standards is through technical regulations with mandatory compliance. However, technical regulations also have th

Re-imagining Climate Finance
Aug 16, 2023

Re-imagining Climate Finance

The international community has been engaged in negotiations around climate finance for three decades now, and working definitions continue to assign the role of funder to advanced economies, and that of recipient, to emerging ones. This brief makes a case for expanding such narrow definitions. It calls on countries such as India to re-imagine not only the idea of climate finance but also the mechanisms of raising funds and the channels f

Re-thinking India's monetary policy
Feb 14, 2014

Re-thinking India's monetary policy

Inflation targeting has become a bone of contention in India. While some economists say a certain level of inflation is a necessary evil, others argue RBI's target is very low and would require monetary tightening. What is required is a balance between fiscal and monetary policy.

Recommendations on Arms Procurement Reforms in India
Sep 25, 2012

Recommendations on Arms Procurement Reforms in India

The Observer Research Foundation's programme on Defence Procurement Reforms, following a seminar organised in May, 2012, has now moved to the second stage of identifying initiatives that can be taken in the executive and legislative branches. This Paper presents practical recommendations to improve capacities and decision-making methodologies in India's arms procurement system.

Regional Integration in Africa:A Study on the East African community
Nov 08, 2013

Regional Integration in Africa:A Study on the East African community

This paper analyses the initiatives for regional integration in East Africa and the challenges that are being faced in this regard. The paper also examines the development initiatives taken by India in the region. Following the European withdrawal, statesmen ushering in independent Africa were faced with the dire prospect of addressing the many problems their colonial overlords had left upon them. Independent Africa was left in abject poverty

Regional Integration in West Africa: The Evolution of ECOWAS
Dec 05, 2015

Regional Integration in West Africa: The Evolution of ECOWAS

The paradox of the African continent is that it is resource-rich but remains poor in many parts. Has regional integration improved economic performance and does it pave the way to a better future? This paper examines West African integration--its evolution, the successes it has scored and the challenges that remain.

Regionalisation: A Better Strategy in a Post-Pandemic World?
May 10, 2023

Regionalisation: A Better Strategy in a Post-Pandemic World?

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced nation states to shut down borders and to look decidedly inwards. In this newly emerging and highly tenuous global political economic landscape, a question that is being widely debated is what globalisation will look like in a post-pandemic world. This brief ponders the question in the context of India and its neighbourhood. Revisiting theoretical insights from ‘New Regionalism’, this analysis examines whether

Regulatory Sandboxes: Decoding India’s attempt to Regulate Fintech Disruption
May 24, 2023

Regulatory Sandboxes: Decoding India’s attempt to Regulate Fintech Disruption

In August 2019, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released its final guidelines for a regulatory sandbox for fintech firms.[1] Technology innovations are disrupting the traditional financial sector, and the RBI’s regulatory sandbox exercise is an attempt to be more agile and absorb some of this disruption. ‘Sandboxes’ give regulators a chance to work with fintech innovators, mitigate potential risks and develop evidence-based policy, while fi

Renewable Energy: Market and Policy Environment in India
Nov 12, 2013

Renewable Energy: Market and Policy Environment in India

This Paper outlines the potential of renewable energy in addressing India's energy supply and access; it identifies challenges and provide a discursive overview of the various market and policy instruments developed to scale up renewable energy generation. India’s significant economic growth over the last decade has led to an inexorable rise in energy demand. Currently, India faces a Ichallenging energy shortage. To grow at 9 per cent over t

Resolving the India-China Boundary Dispute: Incentivising Cooperation, Enlarging Bargaining Space and Promoting Constructive Strategies
May 25, 2012

Resolving the India-China Boundary Dispute: Incentivising Cooperation, Enlarging Bargaining Space and Promoting Constructive Strategies

Pessimism towards a foreseeable settlement of the India-China border dispute is not unfounded. At the political level, there is a "trust deficit" which impedes cooperation. Despite the existence of multi-tiered mechanisms to facilitate resolution, there has hardly been any progress on the issue in recent years. This paper identifies the obstacles and explores how a peaceful settlement of the India-China border dispute could be arrived at in the f

Responding to China’s rise: Japan and India as champions for the rule of law in the Indo-Pacific
Aug 24, 2017

Responding to China’s rise: Japan and India as champions for the rule of law in the Indo-Pacific

The Indo-Pacific region is experiencing profound geo-strategic re-alignments. Post-war norms are being challenged by a rising China that is unconstrained by the established legal, economic and diplomatic order. These changes come at a time of growing uncertainty over US commitments to both its regional allies and a liberal international trade regime. In the absence of American leadership, the only formidable and practical alternative is the emerg

Resurgence of Al-Qaeda in South Asia Post-US Drawdown
Jul 10, 2015

Resurgence of Al-Qaeda in South Asia Post-US Drawdown

An examination of the prospects for al-Qaeda following the US drawdown in Afghanistan and the likely threats which the region, and India in particular, might face in the future. A supplementary scrutiny of ISIS, and the group's possible expansion in the region, is also proffered.

Reviving reciprocity to tackle behavioural anomalies during COVID19
Apr 07, 2020

Reviving reciprocity to tackle behavioural anomalies during COVID19

The outbreak of COVID19 has riddled a man’s life with a range of uncertainties; the uncertainty of keeping one’s job (or, receive a pay-cut), the

Rohingya Crisis: रोहिंग्या शिविरों में सुरक्षा बढ़ाने की ज़रूरत
Jul 30, 2023

Rohingya Crisis: रोहिंग्या शिविरों में सुरक्षा बढ़ाने की ज़रूरत

डॉक्टर्स विदाउट बॉर्डर्स संस्था के मुताबिक, पांच साल से �

Royal Succession in Saudi Arabia: Challenges before the Desert Kingdom
Feb 11, 2015

Royal Succession in Saudi Arabia: Challenges before the Desert Kingdom

With a new king in power, this paper looks at royal politics in Saudi Arabia and identifies topical domestic and regional challenges from the Saudi perspective.

Russia - the Bric that came apart
Feb 04, 2015

Russia - the Bric that came apart

Russia's troubles are unlikely to vanish soon. With the Central Bank forecasting a 4.5 per cent drop in GDP in 2015, a downgrade is a certainty. The budget deficit, forecast to be larger than 0.6 per cent of GDP in 2015, will prove to be another cause of misery.

Russia Ukraine Tension: कीव में बर्फबारी, बिजली संकट से बढ़ी चिंता!
Jul 28, 2023

Russia Ukraine Tension: कीव में बर्फबारी, बिजली संकट से बढ़ी चिंता!

यूक्रेन जंग के बीच कीव में भारी बर्फबारी ने लोगों की चिंता बढ़ा दी है. कीव में भारी बर्फबारी के बीच यहां लोगों को भारी बिजली संकट का सामना करना पड़ रहा है. क्‍या इस बर्फबारी क�

Russia Ukraine War: रूस के ख़िलाफ़ यूक्रेन की क़ानूनी लड़ाई!
Jul 26, 2023

Russia Ukraine War: रूस के ख़िलाफ़ यूक्रेन की क़ानूनी लड़ाई!

रूस के दावों की वैधानिकता को कमज़ोर करने के लिए यूक्रेन ब�

Russia-Ukraine war: Is multipolarity the cause of crisis?
Apr 16, 2022

Russia-Ukraine war: Is multipolarity the cause of crisis?

Does multipolarity create more scope for conflicts and act as an impediment to global action or does it aid in conflict resolution and act as a harbin

Russia-Ukraine War: यूक्रेन संकट के प्रति नेपाल की प्रतिक्रिया!
Jul 31, 2023

Russia-Ukraine War: यूक्रेन संकट के प्रति नेपाल की प्रतिक्रिया!

क्या नेपाल अपनी गैर संरेखण नीति को छोड़ रहा है और वेस्टर्न

Russia-Ukraine War: रूस और यूक्रेन के बीच जारी युद्ध को रोकने की कोशिशें कहां हो रही हैं?
Jul 26, 2023

Russia-Ukraine War: रूस और यूक्रेन के बीच जारी युद्ध को रोकने की कोशिशें कहां हो रही हैं?

रूस और यूक्रेन के बीच जारीwar को समाप्त करने और शांति स्थाप�

Russia-Ukraine War: रूस-यूक्रेन युद्ध में ‘कूटनीति’ की कमी!
Jul 18, 2023

Russia-Ukraine War: रूस-यूक्रेन युद्ध में ‘कूटनीति’ की कमी!

क्या कूटनीति ही एकमात्र वास्तविक विकल्प है जो संघर्ष का �

Saudi Arabia and UAE: Are they strategically distancing themselves from the Afghanistan crisis?
Jul 20, 2021

Saudi Arabia and UAE: Are they strategically distancing themselves from the Afghanistan crisis?

In 2021, things are very different in the Gulf. The missing narratives from Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and others in the region on Afghanistan come from c

SCO च्या दहशतवादविरोधी शक्तीला पाकिस्तानने केले अपंग
May 26, 2023

SCO च्या दहशतवादविरोधी शक्तीला पाकिस्तानने केले अपंग

परराष्ट्र धोरणाचे साधन म्हणून पाकिस्तानने दहशतवादाचा वापर केल्याने प्रादेशिक स्तरावर या धोक्याचा प्रभावीपणे सामना करण्यासाठी SCO ची क्षमता कमी झाली आहे.

SCO शिखर सम्मेलन में मिलेंगे मोदी, जिनपिंग और शाहबाज़, क्या है इसके मायने?
Sep 13, 2022

SCO शिखर सम्मेलन में मिलेंगे मोदी, जिनपिंग और शाहबाज़, क्या है इसके मायने?

SCO सम्मेलन में पीएम मोदी जिनपिंग-शाहबाज ऐसे समय एक मंच साझा कर रहे हैं जब दोनों देशों के साथ भारत के बेहतर संबंध नहीं है. सीमा विवाद को लेकर चीन के साथ संबंध तनाव है वहीं आतंकव�

SDG एजेंडे पर आधारित पर 10 ट्रिलियन डॉलर वाली भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था की राह?
Jul 30, 2023

SDG एजेंडे पर आधारित पर 10 ट्रिलियन डॉलर वाली भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था की राह?

भारत के एक पावरहाउस अर्थव्यवस्था बनने की राह ‘समता, दक्ष�

SDG- 4: गुणवत्तापूर्ण शिक्षा और विकसित होती दुनिया में इसका महत्व!
Sep 15, 2022

SDG- 4: गुणवत्तापूर्ण शिक्षा और विकसित होती दुनिया में इसका महत्व!

महामारी ने शिक्षा व्यवस्थाओं में मौजूद संरचनात्मक दोषो�

SDGs and Structural Vulnerabilities: The Case of BIMSTEC Countries
Feb 21, 2022

SDGs and Structural Vulnerabilities: The Case of BIMSTEC Countries

This paper studies the case of the countries of BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) to investigate if progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) plays an instrumental role in addressing structural vulnerabilities. It finds that it does. Despite improvements in certain SDGs such as increasing per-capita income levels, improving healthcare, and providing universal

SDGs लागू करून तरुणांच्या कल्याणाचा विचार आवश्यक
Aug 22, 2023

SDGs लागू करून तरुणांच्या कल्याणाचा विचार आवश्यक

पुराव्यावर आधारित युवा धोरणांना प्रोत्साहन देऊन, समाज सर्व स्तरांवर एसडीजी लागू करण्याच्या दिशेने काम करू शकतात, ज्यामुळे तरुणांना फायदा होतो आणि एकूणच सामाजिक कल्याण �

SEBI के हालिया फैसले क्या कॉरपोरेट गवर्नेंस की लड़खड़ाती क़वायद की ओर इशारा करती है?
Jul 30, 2023

SEBI के हालिया फैसले क्या कॉरपोरेट गवर्नेंस की लड़खड़ाती क़वायद की ओर इशारा करती है?

चेयरपर्सन और MD की भूमिकाओं को अलग-अलग करने की ज़रूरतों को �

Securing Two Oceans: Bolstering India-Australia Defence Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific
Jul 21, 2023

Securing Two Oceans: Bolstering India-Australia Defence Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

Countries such as India and Australia are redefining their Indo-Pacific policies amidst the growing belligerence of China in the region. The two have a common interest in stability, while standing firmly against any militarisation. Their willingness to partner closely with like-minded countries in the Indo-Pacific lays the foundation for stronger defence and security cooperation between the two middle-power democracies and Indian Ocean li

Shadows of the past loom on 2017
Dec 26, 2016

Shadows of the past loom on 2017

Many of the phenomena go back to the financial crisis of 2008, the biggest shock to the global economic system since the 1929. Nine years after 1929, a nervous, pessimistic and Hobbesian world was plunged into war. 2017 is nine years after 2008.

Silent Game: China’s Engagement in Afghanistan
Aug 23, 2023

Silent Game: China’s Engagement in Afghanistan

China's engagement with Afghanistan has become crucial as the US gradually pulls out its troops from the country. It has increased its investment in infrastructure projects in Afghanistan to US$1 billion from negligible amounts within a period of one year. Though it is still to be seen whether China would assert itself after the withdrawal of coalition forces, one thing is certain: Beijing is well poised in the Afghan endgame.

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: An Update
Aug 11, 2023

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: An Update

Improved infrastructure has a critical role in enabling a nation to apply military power. On the India-China border, there is a clear military imbalance-not just in terms of equipment and forces on the border but also in terms of the physical infrastructure. This paper will compare the infrastructure as it exists today, while identifying the gaps.

Social Marginalisation in Urban India and the Role of the State
Sep 15, 2023

Social Marginalisation in Urban India and the Role of the State

Urban inequality is a blight experienced by many cities, even in the developed world.In developing countries like India, these social and economic inequalities become even morepronounced, with living conditions in certain populations crossing the line to the abysmal. Inthese cities, agencies responsible for addressing welfare concerns are unable to do so, as theythemselves grapple with a host of challenges. This paper argues that any positive tra

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis
Jul 21, 2023

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis

Politicians have always used the media to communicate with the electorate. What makes social media unique is the scale, speed, and minimal cost at which leaders can do this task. This paper analyses the relationship between political leaders and the microblogging site, Twitter. It provides a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the use of Twitter by two contemporary Indian political leaders—Narendra Modi and Rahul Gandhi. It describ

Solving India’s Nuclear Liability Conundrum
Jan 22, 2015

Solving India’s Nuclear Liability Conundrum

This Paper offers a broad and objective analysis on the controversial issue of 'uclear liability', India's concerns and provides a recommendation for a coherent and comprehensive approach to resolve this conundrum.

Somalian Piracy: An Alternative Perspective
Nov 10, 2010

Somalian Piracy: An Alternative Perspective

The tendency of nation States to attempt solving the problem of modern piracy exclusively through the employment of their naval and military might is a flawed effort and has, more often than not, proved unsuccessful. At best, it has resulted in a temporary suppression of the problem that has inevitably re-manifested itself at a later stage.

South Africa, the Indian Ocean and the IBSA-BRICS equation Reflections on Geopolitical and Strategic Dimension
Dec 25, 2011

South Africa, the Indian Ocean and the IBSA-BRICS equation Reflections on Geopolitical and Strategic Dimension

This Paper analyses South Africa's position as a member of both BRICS and IBSA, especially the broader strategic implications arising out of its membership of the two organisations.

South Asia South Asia Weekly 20
May 19, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 20

Ending the month-long political stalemate and uncertainty, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala invited the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist Chairman Prachanda, also the leader of the single largest party in the Constituent Assembly (CA), to form a new government.

South Asia South Asia Weekly 8
Mar 02, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 8

In Sri Lanka, everybody is uncertain about the future. Nobody knows what happens next. Take for instance, the victory march of Sri Lankan Army (SLA) which was once again bogged down by the LTTE's resurgence. Though the week started with the forward march of the Sri Lanka defence forces after the killing of the three senior female LTTE leaders at sea including Lt. Colonel Kalai Arasi,

South Korea: सेना में अनिवार्य भर्ती के रास्ते पर क़दम बढ़ाता दक्षिण कोरिया का BTS बैंड
Jul 21, 2023

South Korea: सेना में अनिवार्य भर्ती के रास्ते पर क़दम बढ़ाता दक्षिण कोरिया का BTS बैंड

फ़ौज में अपनी सेवा शुरू करने के BTS के ऐलान से दक्षिण कोरिया

Sovereignty Vs. Sovereign Rights: De-escalating Tensions in the South China Sea
Aug 14, 2023

Sovereignty Vs. Sovereign Rights: De-escalating Tensions in the South China Sea

Competing maritime territorial claims in the South China Sea resulting in frequent provocations and standoffs are well-documented. China’s increasingly assertive stance over its claims has led to increased militarisation of the region, making it a potential flashpoint. To better understand the complex SCS question vis-a-vis the extent of, and jurisdiction over this maritime space, this brief explores the distinction between the principl