Search: For - Border

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Swaraj's Beijing visit creates right atmosphere for Modi's visit
Feb 13, 2015

Swaraj's Beijing visit creates right atmosphere for Modi's visit

After Sushma Swaraj's successful visit to Beijing, which managed to create a certain degree of 'warmth' in China's attitude towards India, now all eyes will be on Mr Modi's visit to China in May. But before that the border talks that are going to be held soon will play a key role in determining the course of events.

Takeaways for India from IPCC’s Assessment of Global Mitigation Efforts
Aug 14, 2023

Takeaways for India from IPCC’s Assessment of Global Mitigation Efforts

The findings of Working Group-III (WG-III) of the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) clearly highlight the global failure to scale-up mitigation actions to achieve the Paris Climate targets. Immediate and unprecedented action will now be needed to avoid catastrophic global warming in this century. The WG-III report details some of the policy actions needed at the global level to enable a sustai

Taliban’s response to the crisis in Pakistan
May 16, 2023

Taliban’s response to the crisis in Pakistan

As Pakistan grapples with an existential polycrisis of the state, the response of the TTP and Afghan Taliban across the border raise additional concer

Tatmadaw’s outreach to armed organisations: Extending an olive branch?
Aug 16, 2022

Tatmadaw’s outreach to armed organisations: Extending an olive branch?

The lack of technical details and progress of the peace talks amid ongoing land and air incursions in the borderlands has drawn criticism that the neg

Terror from across: Well-considered action needed
Sep 28, 2016

Terror from across: Well-considered action needed

The need to look at terror from across the border in a pragmatic manner and not basing it upon rhetoric

The 1998 Pokhran nuclear tests: reactions and responses from the Indo-Pacific
May 11, 2023

The 1998 Pokhran nuclear tests: reactions and responses from the Indo-Pacific

There is increasing recognition that, given India shares land borders with nuclear-armed countries like Pakistan and China, it was imperative for Indi

The 2015 India-Bangladesh land boundary agreement: Identifying constraints and exploring possibilities in Cooch Behar
Jul 24, 2017

The 2015 India-Bangladesh land boundary agreement: Identifying constraints and exploring possibilities in Cooch Behar

The border between India and Bangladesh—highly crucial to their bilateral relationship—has always been difficult to manage given, for one, its sheer length. The most important bilateral initiative between Bangladesh and India may yet be the attempt to resolve the longstanding border dispute that arose after the Partition of 1947, by means of the 2015 Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) and the exchange of enclaves (chhitmahals) and adverse possessi

The belt and road to China’s “new era” of global power
Oct 25, 2017

The belt and road to China’s “new era” of global power

The dragon has officially risen. But as China spreads its reach and influence beyond its borders through the Belt and Road Initiative, implementation

The challenges and opportunities of innovating in India
Oct 30, 2020

The challenges and opportunities of innovating in India

We must build the credibility of Indian innovation within our borders and convince people that the quality of research done in India is at par with th

The Changing Contours of Bhutan’s Foreign Policy and the Implications for China and India
Jul 21, 2023

The Changing Contours of Bhutan’s Foreign Policy and the Implications for China and India

Bhutan has historically maintained a neutral relationship with China, to its north, and a more special relationship with India, whose states border its west, east, and south. Over the past two decades, however, many factors are forcing Bhutan to settle its longstanding territorial disputes with China and diversify its relations. These factors include its own changing economy and transition from an absolute monarchy to a democracy, a gener

The Changing Contours of Regionalism and Multilateralism in a Globalised World
Sep 12, 2023

The Changing Contours of Regionalism and Multilateralism in a Globalised World

This issue brief looks at the trends of regionalism and multilateralism, their importance and evolution in an age of problems without borders that require regional or global solutions.

The Chinese chatter on the eve of the Chinese defence minister’s India visit
Apr 26, 2023

The Chinese chatter on the eve of the Chinese defence minister’s India visit

There is a deepening concern amongst the Chinese strategic community over the convergence of interest between the US and India.

The domestic motivations of Beijing's LAC aggression
May 28, 2020

The domestic motivations of Beijing's LAC aggression

Any appearance of weakness in Xi on the world stage could imperil his grip on power within China

The highs and lows of India–US convergence
Jun 06, 2024

The highs and lows of India–US convergence

The strategic convergence between India and the US might be weakening as the US increasingly focuses on the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East and E

The implications of the enhancement of jurisdiction of BSF
Nov 15, 2021

The implications of the enhancement of jurisdiction of BSF

Would enhancing the police powers of BSF improve border security or would it avert BSF’s attention from its core responsibilities?

The India-Bhutan story: India understands the urgency and needs of its neighbour
Mar 28, 2024

The India-Bhutan story: India understands the urgency and needs of its neighbour

The two nations have had a history of cooperation, support, and mutual growth.

The Jihadi Factor in India-Pakistan Peace Process
May 01, 2006

The Jihadi Factor in India-Pakistan Peace Process

The India-Pakistan peace process, punctuated with -uctuating waves of optimism and anxiety, has completed three years, and it is appropriate, and timely, to review whether the primary On April 22, 2003 the Indian Prime Minister, Mr Atal Bihari Vajpayee, told the Indian Parliament that India was unilaterally opening “the doors for talks” with Pakistan. The offer was based on two simple premises: one, that Pakistan would stop cross-border in

The mind and the state of Russia’s President
Feb 01, 2022

The mind and the state of Russia’s President

In a sense, Putin is seeking to rewrite history, with an attempt to push NATO back and restore Russian stature

The Modi-Xi Summit: Addressing Core Issues
May 15, 2015

The Modi-Xi Summit: Addressing Core Issues

The Chinese understanding about the border has changed many times and while a swap agreement would be a feasible solution to the issue, the Chinese have asked for more concessions on the East, says Dr. Manoj Joshi

The Nathu La Pass in India-China Ties
Jun 01, 2015

The Nathu La Pass in India-China Ties

The growing interdependency of India and China through border trade may lead to de-securitization and demilitarization in the border areas with significant implications in these areas.

The Role of India’s Northeast in the Regional Cooperation Architecture
Jun 30, 2021

The Role of India’s Northeast in the Regional Cooperation Architecture

There is no dearth of evidence that shows how cross-border connectivity brings manifold benefits to the countries involved. In the Bay of Bengal and Indo-Pacific, greater engagement amongst the countries in these geostrategically and economically significant regions has become more crucial in the recent years. This report analyses the potential for greater connectivity in the Bay region within a collaborative framework involving India, its easter

The year ends, but the chaos may just be beginning
Dec 31, 2014

The year ends, but the chaos may just be beginning

2014 by far has been the most chaotic year in international politics, since the end of the Cold War. The Islamic State terrorists in the Middle East threaten to upturn borders settled for close to a century. Europe is in the throes of an unexpected tussle with Moscow. In the South and East China seas, China's aggressiveness is too clear now to be ignored.

The ‘QuadFather’: The Legacy of Shinzo Abe and the Quad
Aug 16, 2023

The ‘QuadFather’: The Legacy of Shinzo Abe and the Quad

Before the rise of Xi Jinping—before the Beijing Olympics and the South China Sea tensions and the China-India border crisis—the late former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had already sensed that a rising China would pose daunting challenges to its neighbours and the regional order. This brief argues that without Abe, there would likely have been no ‘Quad’ grouping joining Australia, India, Japan, and the United States. His re

There is an absence of a strategic mindset: Ex-NSA
Nov 18, 2015

There is an absence of a strategic mindset: Ex-NSA

India's former National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan thinks that challenges posed by the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor were far greater, as it directly impinged on India's sovereignty and security. He feels that this is a far graver issue than the India-China border dispute.

There is an answer to Modi’s enigma on Galwan
Jun 24, 2020

There is an answer to Modi’s enigma on Galwan

Modi’s efforts appear prescient, but the answers to the questions he posed remain equally elusive. How do you maintain stability on a border that h

Things are looking up for Indo-China ties
Apr 16, 2013

Things are looking up for Indo-China ties

India need not bite the bait, it can use the space created for pushing its own agenda with China which includes resolving our border dispute, getting the Pakistani monkey off our backs and getting better terms of trade from the Chinese. China is unlikely to yield anything easily, but if the emerging Indo-Pacific geopolitics provides an opportunity, New Delhi would be foolish to look the other way.

Three’s a crowd: United States and the Afghanistan-Pakistan relationship
Nov 07, 2022

Three’s a crowd: United States and the Afghanistan-Pakistan relationship

Afghanistan, for a long time, was a ‘point of convergence’ for the US and Pakistan, but in the changed reality post the US withdrawal from Afghani

Time to Boost India-Bangladesh Trade and Economic Relations
Jul 28, 2023

Time to Boost India-Bangladesh Trade and Economic Relations

Among India's neighbours, Bangladesh occupies a special position not only because of India's role in its liberation but because geographically, too, it surrounds Bangladesh from three sides. The beginning of close economic relations between the two countries can be traced back to 1971. After its independence, Bangladesh's requirements of consumer goods, especially food, came from India. Over the years, the country has sought easier access to Indi

To be not talking to Pakistan is dumb
Oct 31, 2015

To be not talking to Pakistan is dumb

The Modi government appears to have abandoned the multi-pronged policy of its predecessor of simultaneously engaging Islamabad and dealing with cross-border terrorism. This government made a surprise beginning with the idea of promoting South Asian unity . But since then it has been fixated on countering terrorism at the cost of everything else, though Pakistani covert activity in India has seen a sharp decline since 2008.

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC
Aug 06, 2020

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC

The Bay of Bengal region links South Asia and Southeast Asia, with the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) serving as a platform of trans-border cooperation. The BIMSTEC’s prime assets are the historical and cultural links between the nations, and their spirit of community. However, the lack of both a robust decision-making mechanism and a set of common rules have slowed down the growth of th

Tracking India’s Infrastructure Development Near the Line of Actual Control
Oct 17, 2023

Tracking India’s Infrastructure Development Near the Line of Actual Control

The pace of Indian infrastructure building along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) bordering China has historically been slow due to financial and doctrinal constraints, but has accelerated in the past 20 years. Construction has become more efficient owing to bureaucratic changes and the infusion of greater financial resources. This paper attributes these changes to strategic compulsions brought about by Chinese actions—both diplomatic and on-th

TTP-Pakistan peace talks: The pitfalls and their implications
Aug 18, 2022

TTP-Pakistan peace talks: The pitfalls and their implications

The fulfilment of TTP’s demand would indirectly help the Afghan Taliban achieve its expansionist position on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border.

Turbulence in the Himalayas
Jun 20, 2020

Turbulence in the Himalayas

Rising nationalism and fortifications along the disputed China-India border make deadly clashes inevitable, and both sides should strive for border agreement

Ukraine: Heading towards civil war?
Jan 30, 2014

Ukraine: Heading towards civil war?

There have been fears expressed that if the situation in Ukraine worsens, it could spread across the border to Russia. While that appears highly unlikely at present, an escalation of the confrontation raises the spectre of a civil war in Ukraine.

Understanding India’s silence on the political crisis in Pakistan
Jun 16, 2023

Understanding India’s silence on the political crisis in Pakistan

Despite being the immediate neighbour, India has chosen to follow a no-reaction policy towards the ongoing turmoil in Pakistan

Understanding ISIS: From conception to operations
Aug 24, 2017

Understanding ISIS: From conception to operations

This paper bridges the gap in Indian public discourse on the aims of ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State) and where it stands today as the most formidable terrorist organisation of the 21st century. It explores ISIS from the perspective of the Middle East, rather than coming from an Indian foreign policy and security point of view, of which there is no dearth in literature. Such an approach is crucial in understanding the terr

Uri aftermath: Retaliation, with de-escalation built in
Sep 30, 2016

Uri aftermath: Retaliation, with de-escalation built in

While individual strikes on the LoC are fine, an escalation of tension and a breakdown of the 2003 ceasefire will be a negative rebound.

US cotton ban against Xinjiang-based XPCC has strategic value for India
Dec 10, 2020

US cotton ban against Xinjiang-based XPCC has strategic value for India

New Delhi must use the opportunity to strengthen its partnership with the US, which in recent years, has made rapid progress.

Waiting to Explode: Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea
Aug 11, 2023

Waiting to Explode: Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea

This paper aims to analyse the reasons for the rise of piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, its characteristics, the primary drivers for the growing menace and international responses; it also compares the differences in modus operandi between Gulf of Guinea and Somalian piracy. Till the early 1980s, piracy was often dismissed as being “archaic Tand folklore of the past”, rarely entering the main maritime discourse. But true to its nature, ‘moder

War on drugs: Challenges for the Punjab government
May 09, 2017

War on drugs: Challenges for the Punjab government

Most analysts agree that a dangerous mix of demand, supply and currency is responsible for Punjab’s drug menace. Punjab is both a transit point and a market for the drugs smuggled from the so-called Golden Crescent that is Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. While the heroin produced in Afghanistan is smuggled through the 553-km-long, porous India-Pakistan border, the opium, poppy husk, charas and hashish, among other drugs, come from the neighbour

We had a One China policy for long. It's time for a relook
Jul 14, 2021

We had a One China policy for long. It's time for a relook

India should adopt tougher positions on Tibet and Taiwan as it recalibrates ties with Beijing after China’s border aggression

What will UBI mean for illegal immigration?
Jul 10, 2017

What will UBI mean for illegal immigration?

Illegal immigration of the kind seen in the border states has not only changed the demographic composition of the territories, but has also posed alarming political and socio-economic problems.

What Xi should do
Oct 10, 2020

What Xi should do

Settle the border with India. With increasing US pressure, it is in China’s interest.

Will demonetisation overshadow the Kashmir challenge?
May 24, 2023

Will demonetisation overshadow the Kashmir challenge?

In an announcement that caught the nation by surprise, Prime Minister Narendra Modi ordered the demonetisation of ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes of the Indian currency in November to arrest ‘black money’, end corruption, and choke terrorist finances. This move represents a policy departure and it has far-reaching implications. As national debate has been hijacked by the possible fallouts of demonetisation, other critical issues have been pushed to

Will Musharraf Last Long Enough to Talk Peace?
Jun 20, 2003

Will Musharraf Last Long Enough to Talk Peace?

On Monday night, a television anchor asked Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit about her views on India's decision to run the Lahore bus again. She said: "I hope it doesn't fall by the wayside as the previous one.'' If she clearly sounded sceptical, there are reasons. The last time buses began to cross the Wagah border

Xi Jinping’s ambitious agenda is getting unmasked and resisted
Nov 30, 2021

Xi Jinping’s ambitious agenda is getting unmasked and resisted

Beijing’s assertions of power beyond China’s borders have begun to evoke responses that ought to deter it from going too far  

Xi Jinping’s visit to Nepal: A diplomatic victory for China?
Oct 23, 2019

Xi Jinping’s visit to Nepal: A diplomatic victory for China?

Of the 20 agreements signed between Nepal and China, four of the agreements have strong security components that aim at developing greater engagements

Xi's India trip: Time for a reality check
Sep 18, 2014

Xi's India trip: Time for a reality check

As Xi and Modi meet in first Ahmedabad and then in New Delhi, India has political and strategic issues that it will want China to respond to - the contested border and territorial issues, China-Pakistan cooperation on nuclear, missile, maritime and border infrastructure issues.