Search: For - Border

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New India-China clash: What use of special frontier force reveals
Sep 01, 2020

New India-China clash: What use of special frontier force reveals

Was the new border clash ‘pre-planned’ & ‘carefully executed’? The use of Special Frontier Force is very telling.

Next steps in peace process
Feb 15, 2006

Next steps in peace process

The next steps towards peace with Pakistan need to be thought out carefully to prevent the dialogue process from getting derailed or losing steam - two possibilities which seem to be staring in the face of policy makers on either side of the border.

No place to call home: The plight of Afghans
Jun 09, 2022

No place to call home: The plight of Afghans

In addition to the Taliban’s failure in administrating Afghanistan, border skirmishes with Iran and Pakistan have further added to the plight of the

No Progress in China-India Military Talks
Jan 16, 2022

No Progress in China-India Military Talks

A 14th round of military talks ended with a joint statement but no real progress.

No-patrol zones can ease LAC tensions
Jun 06, 2023

No-patrol zones can ease LAC tensions

Beijing needs to consider whether it wants to keep the pot boiling at the border

Not just Looking East but Acting East
Jun 11, 2015

Not just Looking East but Acting East

The entire region from Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Bihar and West Bengal to Arunachal Pradesh will benefit through improved connectivity. India should now look and Act East in Myanmar seriously as the country has a long border with our northeast and sustained friendly relations are important for India.

Off to a positive start: Jaishankar’s visit to Nepal
Feb 01, 2024

Off to a positive start: Jaishankar’s visit to Nepal

Both Kathmandu and New Delhi will need to leverage their political will and expand cooperation to ensure that both countries reap benefits from closer

ORF Faculty appointed Governor of Arunachal Pradesh
May 21, 2013

ORF Faculty appointed Governor of Arunachal Pradesh

Lt. Gen. Nirbhay Sharma (Retd), Distinguished Fellow at Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi, has been appointed the new Governor of Arunachal Pradesh, a strategic border State in the North East.

Osama: Impact on Indo-Pak Relations
May 16, 2011

Osama: Impact on Indo-Pak Relations

The end of Osama bin Laden will loom so big in global consciousness that anything resembling terrorism, even the cross border variety, will come under close scrutiny of the international community. Pushed thus against the wall, the mind may furnish some sensible solutions.

Pak Army's Second Kargil
Apr 13, 2004

Pak Army's Second Kargil

Waziristan last month ostensibly to hunt down al Qaida and Talibanelements has been a visible failure which could dramatically alterthe already existing fault lines in the force divided betweenloyalty to Musharraf, nation and religion.South Waziristan is one of the seven areas -Khyber, Kurram,Orakzai, Mohmand, Bajaur, North and South Waziristan - which wereclubbed together as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)by the British who wanted

Pakistan needs to be rescued from its current predicament
Nov 11, 2014

Pakistan needs to be rescued from its current predicament

On November 2, the Wagah border which collects curious crowds on either side of the border gate to witness the interesting manoeuvres of border guards on either side were witness to a gory incident of a terrific explosion on the Pakistani side,

Pakistan, in Modi's eyes
Apr 22, 2014

Pakistan, in Modi's eyes

If the reports that Narendra Modi has sent emissaries to Pakistan are true, they indicate a recognition of the need to reassure leaders across the border that, were he to become prime minister, he would not be throwing a grenade at the bilateral relationship.

Pakistan: Ceasefire violations could undo peace moves
Jul 18, 2014

Pakistan: Ceasefire violations could undo peace moves

The continuing ceasefire violations on the India-Pakistan border could become a stumbling block in the renewed attempts by the leadership of the two neighbours to improve their relationship.

Pakistan: F-16S & after
Apr 05, 2005

Pakistan: F-16S & after

The enthusiasm bordering on euphoria generated by the talks of Ms.Condoleezza Rice, US Secretary of State, with Indian leaders during her recent visit to New Delhi has been somewhat dissipated by the announcement of the decision of President George Bush to clear the sale of the latest version of the F-16 aircraft to Pakistan.

Pakistan: Singh should make a bold move
Jul 09, 2013

Pakistan: Singh should make a bold move

The UPA government needs to inject some boldness into its Pakistan policy. A.B. Vajpayee, representing the "communal" BJP, visited Pakistan twice during his six-year tenure as PM. Manmohan Singh representing the "secular" Congress has been too timid to go across the border.

Pandemic Reopens Contentious Issues in Nepal-India Ties
Jan 12, 2021

Pandemic Reopens Contentious Issues in Nepal-India Ties

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted two features of the Nepal-India economic relationship: Nepal’s ballooning trade deficit, and unrestricted cross-border movement of people of both countries. Attributing the trade deficit entirely to supply-side constraints is neither accurate nor conducive to the overall health of the relationship. This brief suggests ways towards more sustainable trade relations between India and Nepal, among them, India r

People should be counted in any India-Bangladesh relations
Jun 01, 2012

People should be counted in any India-Bangladesh relations

Interest of the people should take precedence in foreign policy formulations which have a direct impact on their lives. This was the overwhelming sentiment expressed by the people living on either side of the India-Bangladesh border during a field visit early May this year.

Pipedreams over Pipelines
Apr 01, 2005

Pipedreams over Pipelines

During a recent discussion on Indo-US relations, a former senior adviser to the Government of India, who retired some years ago, expressed his surprise that the community of non-governmental strategic analysts in New Delhi had failed to forewarn the policy-makers of the Government of India over the likelihood of opposition from the US to the construction of a gas pipeline from Iran through Pakistan till the Indian border to sell gas to Pakistan a

PLA joint exercises in Tibet: Implications for India
Feb 26, 2020

PLA joint exercises in Tibet: Implications for India

Since 2015, China has been undertaking a thorough restructuring of its military, under the leadership of President Xi Jinping. This has involved significant changes in the operational structure of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), with the modernisation and optimisation of the military to bring about better jointness and overall efficiency. This paper examines the PLA reforms as they pertain to training and jointness in the Tibet Autonomous R

Playing games with Kashmir
Apr 14, 2005

Playing games with Kashmir

While bus and cricket diplomacy is being played out with unbridled passion across borders, a dispassionate and more realistic discourse on human rights violations in Kashmir should form part of the new-found bon homie between India and Pakistan. There is a reason why such an assessment is important.

PM's  Myanmar visit to strengthen Look East policy
Feb 28, 2014

PM's Myanmar visit to strengthen Look East policy

As Manmohan Singh meets Myanmar's President in the sidelines of the Bimstec summit, this will give an opportunity for the two leaders to further deepen bilateral ties. As part of the two neighbours growing relations, a border security pact is expected to be signed during Dr Singh's visit.

Potential for further improving India-Bangladesh relations, say visiting MPs
Sep 03, 2016

Potential for further improving India-Bangladesh relations, say visiting MPs

Experts at the event opined that it is a win-win situation for India and Bangladesh to have a functional river, rail and road network.

Potentials of ASEAN, India and China integration
May 24, 2014

Potentials of ASEAN, India and China integration

As ASEAN, China and India already share a high volume of trade and have common borders, an integrated ACI (Asean, China, India) region might be able to contribute to a more balanced and resolute Asia, argues an expert.

Preventing proliferation: Tracking Uranium on the blockchain
Aug 20, 2023

Preventing proliferation: Tracking Uranium on the blockchain

Advances in technology, the shifting sands of the global nuclear energy market, and the extant standards and practices surrounding the monitoring of radioactive materials raise important questions about the future of nuclear security. Technological advancements have enabled the retrieval of radioactive materials from unconventional sources and made fuel fabrication easier. The emergence of new players in the nuclear energy market also flags conce

Programming money: Purposeful potential?
Jul 04, 2023

Programming money: Purposeful potential?

It is important to perceive programmability for what it truly represents—an experiment exploring the potential applications of digital money for spe

Punjab: Can It Be a Bridge to Peace Between India and Pakistan?
Oct 10, 2011

Punjab: Can It Be a Bridge to Peace Between India and Pakistan?

New Delhi and Islamabad dominated dialogue have failed to come up with any solution to vexed issues like Kashmir. May be sub-regions like Punjab and other border provinces like Rajasthan-Sind.

Quality rules in India: Trade, technical regulations and consumer protection
Aug 21, 2023

Quality rules in India: Trade, technical regulations and consumer protection

India’s competitiveness in manufacturing and the success of ‘Make in India’ depend on its ability to produce high-quality products and services. Product quality is important for human health and consumer safety, as well as for protecting the climate and the environment. One way of ensuring that products and services meet certain standards is through technical regulations with mandatory compliance. However, technical regulations also have th

Re-imagining Regions through BIMSTEC
Oct 15, 2014

Re-imagining Regions through BIMSTEC

BIMSTEC needs to be brought down to the people from the high governmental meetings. Activate people-centric initiatives to ensure engagement and involvement of the society in projects developed under BIMSTEC. This can start by simply involving people in the borderlands and coastal areas.

Reactions to Rafah: Preventing humanitarian supply chain breakdown
Jun 06, 2024

Reactions to Rafah: Preventing humanitarian supply chain breakdown

The near breakdown of humanitarian supply chains and services in Gaza merits new measures from the ICJ against Israel.

Rebooting the Indian Army: A Doctrinal Approach to Force Restructuring
Feb 03, 2021

Rebooting the Indian Army: A Doctrinal Approach to Force Restructuring

The ongoing conflict on the Sino-Indian border has highlighted the need for structural reforms in the Indian Army. This paper examines the impact of the Joint Doctrine of Indian Armed Forces, 2017 (JDIAF) and the Indian Army’s Land Warfare Doctrine, 2018 (LWD) on the development of the Indian Army’s tactical concepts, organisational structures, and the weapons and equipment profile. It discusses the importance of formulating a formal National

Regionalisation: A Better Strategy in a Post-Pandemic World?
May 10, 2023

Regionalisation: A Better Strategy in a Post-Pandemic World?

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced nation states to shut down borders and to look decidedly inwards. In this newly emerging and highly tenuous global political economic landscape, a question that is being widely debated is what globalisation will look like in a post-pandemic world. This brief ponders the question in the context of India and its neighbourhood. Revisiting theoretical insights from ‘New Regionalism’, this analysis examines whether

Resolving the India-China Boundary Dispute: Incentivising Cooperation, Enlarging Bargaining Space and Promoting Constructive Strategies
May 25, 2012

Resolving the India-China Boundary Dispute: Incentivising Cooperation, Enlarging Bargaining Space and Promoting Constructive Strategies

Pessimism towards a foreseeable settlement of the India-China border dispute is not unfounded. At the political level, there is a "trust deficit" which impedes cooperation. Despite the existence of multi-tiered mechanisms to facilitate resolution, there has hardly been any progress on the issue in recent years. This paper identifies the obstacles and explores how a peaceful settlement of the India-China border dispute could be arrived at in the f

Revitalising BIMSTEC through Cultural Connectivity from Northeast India
May 11, 2023

Revitalising BIMSTEC through Cultural Connectivity from Northeast India

India’s Northeast has often been described as the region where South Asia and Southeast Asia meet. Indeed, sharing much of its border with neighbouring countries, the northeastern states are economically and culturally integrated with Southeast Asia. This brief examines the role of India’s Northeast in strengthening the country’s relations with its partners in the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC

Rising India@76 exudes greater confidence to tackle China
Aug 15, 2023

Rising India@76 exudes greater confidence to tackle China

India at 76 is showcasing greater confidence to push back against Chinese designs by forging partnerships with like-minded countries

Rising tensions on the Himalayan frontier
Jul 06, 2017

Rising tensions on the Himalayan frontier

India and China are mired in their longest border confrontation since the war of 1962.

Role of infrastructure in promoting SDG 9 in India’s Northeast
Dec 23, 2020

Role of infrastructure in promoting SDG 9 in India’s Northeast

The present institutional linkages are no doubt improving, but these have to be strengthened further to support connectivity projects.

Russia's ISIL challenge in the North Caucasus
Jul 09, 2015

Russia's ISIL challenge in the North Caucasus

Russia has been dealing with extremism within its borders for several years. So it is not exactly unprepared for whatever threat ISIL currently poses. However, there is a degree of complacency that has set in.

Russia-Turkey deal and geo-politics of gas
Dec 30, 2014

Russia-Turkey deal and geo-politics of gas

At a time when it is facing Western sanctions and a proxy war on oil prices, Russia sprang a huge surprise early this month by signing a gas deal with Turkey. The deal will enable Russia to pump natural gas into a Turkish hub, near the Turkey-Greece border and from there into the southern EU market.

Scripting a Third Way: The Importance of EU-India Partnership
Aug 14, 2023

Scripting a Third Way: The Importance of EU-India Partnership

The European Union (EU) and India should be “natural allies”. Faced with an authoritarian advance on their borders and globally, “the world’s largest democracies” should be collaborating more closely than ever today. But the tango that the EU and India have been dancing is a rather clumsy one. This brief delves into the causes for the limitations of the partnership and identifies critical miscalculations that have been made on both side

Securing Afghanistan: Historic Sources of India’s Contemporary Challenge
Aug 11, 2023

Securing Afghanistan: Historic Sources of India’s Contemporary Challenge

This paper looks at debates from the days of the British Raj until now that have shaped India's strategic thought on Afghanistan. It highlights the impact of India's territorial construct on its strategic imagination and argues that India's Afghan policy is determined by its political geography. Afghanistan has proved to be a security lynchpin in South and A Central Asia over the last two decades. Home to a variety of militant networks with regi

Something fishy about m.v Eugenia containers
Jan 10, 2006

Something fishy about m.v Eugenia containers

A consignment of over 100 tonnes of explosives, carried in six shipping containers. The ship was bound for Bander Abbas in Iran where the consignment was to be unlaoded and moved overland from Iran to Jaranz in Afghanistan since Pakistan does not permit such cargo to be sent from India over its territory. The consigment was of commercial grade explosives meant for use by Border Road Organization (BRO) for road construction.

South Asia policy after Modi's China visit
May 22, 2015

South Asia policy after Modi's China visit

Indian concerns over a 'rising China' is more about China's 'increasing influence' in the South Asian neighbourhood than over the possibility of a revived border episode or a return to war between the two Asian giants.

Sowing the wind, reaping the whirlwind
Jun 19, 2022

Sowing the wind, reaping the whirlwind

The self-goal could have been avoided, but the ruling party saw the emerging warning signals with eyes wide shut. Some party sections clearly felt they were clever enough to run with the hare and hunt with the hounds, and that religious polarisation in domestic politics could work to electoral advantage even as the PM and his diplomats wooed the Muslim nations of the Gulf. Perhaps, they don’t recognise that we live in an interconnected world, w

Standoff on the Doklam plateau: Another instance of Chinese lawfare
Jul 07, 2017

Standoff on the Doklam plateau: Another instance of Chinese lawfare

China's renewed focus on the Indian border should be seen in the wider context of its status as a revisionist power and its provocative actions across

Striking with caution: Beyond the performative muscle flexing, Islamabad had little choice
Jan 28, 2024

Striking with caution: Beyond the performative muscle flexing, Islamabad had little choice

This return to business as usual is reflective of the wariness on both sides to escalate the crisis further and prevent it from metastasising into a new front of conflict.