Search: For - Border

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Cyber Mercenaries: The Failures of Current Responses and the Imperative of International Collaboration
Dec 11, 2023

Cyber Mercenaries: The Failures of Current Responses and the Imperative of International Collaboration

Digital adoption, hastened globally by the COVID-19 epidemic, brought along with it both benefits and threats, including concerns of safety and security of the cyberspace. Current geopolitical dynamics, ongoing strategic and economic disputes, as well as attempts by authoritarian regimes to preserve power have allowed companies with malicious intent—known as ‘cyber mercenaries’—to develop and deploy offensive cyber capabilities. The tools

Cyber Sovereignty: In Search of Definitions, Exploring Implications
Aug 17, 2023

Cyber Sovereignty: In Search of Definitions, Exploring Implications

The increasing dependence on the internet across the spectrum is pushing some states to adopt measures to exert their sovereignty over cyberspace. Certain global events have also acted as a catalyst for states to pursue cyber sovereignty. The involvement of multiple stakeholders and the borderless character of the virtual world have made sovereignty a complex affair in this domain. This brief seeks to illuminate the concept of ‘cyber so

Data flow and privacy - India’s role as the G20 President
Nov 05, 2022

Data flow and privacy - India’s role as the G20 President

India must ensure that the needs of developing countries are considered when discussing cross border flow of data

De-escalation this time around will not be as easy as in Doklam
Jun 23, 2020

De-escalation this time around will not be as easy as in Doklam

New Delhi’s decreased policy manoeuvrability coupled with China’s decreasing need to comply with international norms and conventions is a dangerou

Deconstructing China’s Interest in the Niger-Benin Rapprochement
May 28, 2024

Deconstructing China’s Interest in the Niger-Benin Rapprochement

Beijing’s motivations concerning the conflict resolution in Niger include a mix of economic, political and reputational drivers.

Defence budget and the big picture
Feb 03, 2021

Defence budget and the big picture

A strong and capable military will deter any adversary from casting an evil design. Let the situation at the borders under the pandemic times be a pus

Despite improvement in situation, the Government of India should tread cautiously in J&K
Jul 31, 2019

Despite improvement in situation, the Government of India should tread cautiously in J&K

Although statistics and the mood on the ground do reflect considerable progress, bringing normalcy back to the Valley remains an elusive goal.

Dhaka boundary settlement: Modi bites the bullet
Dec 01, 2014

Dhaka boundary settlement: Modi bites the bullet

Constructing a border of cooperation with Bangladesh should liberate India from one of major geopolitical constraints imposed on it by the Partition of Bengal. When he travels to Dhaka in the near future, Modi is in a position to unveil a genuine strategic partnership with Bangladesh.

Digital democracies and virtual frontiers: How do we safeguard democracy in the 4IR?
Dec 10, 2021

Digital democracies and virtual frontiers: How do we safeguard democracy in the 4IR?

Open societies have always defended their borders stoutly and they must also safeguard the new digital frontlines

Disquiet in the neighbourhood
Dec 01, 2023

Disquiet in the neighbourhood

As Pakistan struggles to prod the Taliban to act on militant groups, its dual policy of supporting extremist groups has come back to haunt it

Documentary ban: State using the law to hide the truth
Mar 13, 2015

Documentary ban: State using the law to hide the truth

Restricting the flow of information, either by stopping broadcasts or banning physical books, is today an analogue problem. Given the porous digital borders, the government would find it difficult to block the documentary.

Don't blame it on China
Oct 17, 2013

Don't blame it on China

India has many reasons to nurse a nuclear grievance against China. For, Beijing's decision to arm Pakistan with nuclear weapons has given Rawalpindi the impunity to pursue cross-border terrorism against India. But Delhi has no reason at all to blame Beijing for its own failures on the nuclear policy front.

Drawing lines in the water
Jul 14, 2014

Drawing lines in the water

There are unlimited possibilities for strengthening maritime cooperation with Bangladesh and Myanmar - ranging from joint scientific research to environmental monitoring and from major trans-border projects to trilateral naval exercises. If Delhi decides to play for small stakes in the Bay of Bengal, it will deal itself out of the emerging great game in the east.

Droning on; but miss the real source of terror
Jun 27, 2012

Droning on; but miss the real source of terror

Neither the drone attacks - a significant technological innovation in air power - nor direct cross-border military raids address the ultimate source of terror, the Pakistan army. They merely target the manifestation of the problem.

Elusive Peace, Inclusive Aggression
Aug 27, 2013

Elusive Peace, Inclusive Aggression

Why do Indian and Pakistani leaders succumb to the predictable? There's so much déjà vu about their peace process being derailed by border firings and terrorist strikes that the wider world has begun to yawn

Energising tourism for a Bay of Bengal community
Jan 18, 2021

Energising tourism for a Bay of Bengal community

Promotion of the tourism sector is inherently linked with the connectivity in the sub-region.

EU चा स्थलांतर करार आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल
Oct 11, 2023

EU चा स्थलांतर करार आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल

सात वर्षांच्या वाटाघाटींनंतर, नवीन कराराने युरोपियन युनियनच्या आश्रय आणि स्थलांतर नियमावलीच्या आधुनिकीकरणाच्या दिशेने निर्णायक पाऊल उचलले आहे.

Evolving landscape of Sino-Indian ties
Jun 26, 2020

Evolving landscape of Sino-Indian ties

The two Asian giants seem to have clearly reached an inflection point in their relationship

Exploring cooperation between India’s Northeastern gas grid and Myanmar
Jun 07, 2019

Exploring cooperation between India’s Northeastern gas grid and Myanmar

A cross-border natural gas pipeline between India and Myanmar will be an important symbol of bilateral cooperation and regional connectivity.

Exporting Indian healthcare workers to the world
Jul 14, 2021

Exporting Indian healthcare workers to the world

At a time when countries are closing borders and curbing migration, health workers are the exception.

Factoring Assam in the India–Bangladesh relations
Mar 25, 2021

Factoring Assam in the India–Bangladesh relations

Bilateral ties and engagements between India and Bangladesh help in exploring many new windows of possibilities for Assam, ranging from trade and comm

Fallout of Afghan crisis in Nepal
Nov 15, 2021

Fallout of Afghan crisis in Nepal

The growing unstable political scenario in Afghanistan has created a refugee problem for Nepal despite having no common borders

Farakka barrage, engineers and hydropolitics
May 01, 2017

Farakka barrage, engineers and hydropolitics

Why was the controversial barrage built on the Ganga just upstream of the India-Bangladesh border? What has the construction led to?

Fighting the Islamic State, without a strategy
Sep 24, 2014

Fighting the Islamic State, without a strategy

Does Obama really intend to defeat, disrupt and dismantle the ISIS terror structure or will he simply guide them away from Iraq and Turkish borders towards Damascus.

Focus on the peace pipeline
Sep 08, 2004

Focus on the peace pipeline

AS THE Foreign Ministers of India and Pakistan hold their first structured political dialogue in four decades, the question of building trans-border natural gas pipelines is likely to figure prominently in the bilateral agenda.

Fresh overtures hint at a thaw in India-China relations
Mar 12, 2018

Fresh overtures hint at a thaw in India-China relations

India’s relations with China involve the four C’s — conflict, competition, cooperation and containment. The areas of conflict are well known — the border, and China’s relationship with Pakistan.

From 'clash of civilisations' to 'clashes within civilisations'
Aug 09, 2014

From 'clash of civilisations' to 'clashes within civilisations'

If the ISIS is not brought under control, the chances are that it could spread to Pakistan, especially Waziristan, a tribal region which plays host to most terror outfits. This could in turn affect India by means of border infiltrations.

Furthering Indo Pak Ties and the Importance of Track Two Dialogue
Jun 07, 2011

Furthering Indo Pak Ties and the Importance of Track Two Dialogue

There is an increasing realisation amongst the media community in Pakistan that their State had been actively involved in training India-centric terrorist groups within Pakistani borders, said a delegation of Urdu journalists from Pakistan who visited ORF.

Gently Eastwards
Jul 02, 2004

Gently Eastwards

In 1990, after the end of the Cold War and the unification of Germany, the United States of America gave an assurance to the Soviet Union that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization would not expand its role beyond the borders of Germany.

Getting India to talk with a gun to its head will not work now
Oct 13, 2014

Getting India to talk with a gun to its head will not work now

Pakistan's present actions of ratcheting up tensions not only on the Line of Control but also along the International Border, while obviously making an attempt to regain the initiative, is actually unlikely to pay any dividend for a number of reasons.

GIS application in emergency response and preventing terror attacks
Apr 06, 2017

GIS application in emergency response and preventing terror attacks

GIS systems allow predictions based on mobility information relating to speed and distance travelled.

Great power berserk: Fair is foul, foul is fair
Jul 27, 2012

Great power berserk: Fair is foul, foul is fair

Has New Delhi forgotten its breast beating against cross-border terrorism in Kashmir atleast since 1989? How will it ever raise that issue again having voted along with the west which stands for cross border terrorism by US, France, UK, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey against Syria?

Harnessing Indian Sea Power Post-Galwan: Considerations of Time, Space and Force
May 12, 2023

Harnessing Indian Sea Power Post-Galwan: Considerations of Time, Space and Force

Due to the persistent adversarial nature of the Sino-Indian border environment, and because China is now a de facto maritime neighbour as well, India needs to examine its options of leveraging sea power. This brief analyses some fundamentals of sea control and sea denial, and examines some misconceptions about these. By using factors of time, force and space, the brief argues that while maritime economic warfare (explained as counter-value operat

High on Revenue, Low on Capital: India’s Defence Budget 2023-24
Feb 11, 2023

High on Revenue, Low on Capital: India’s Defence Budget 2023-24

This brief examines India’s defence budget for 2023-24. It outlines the economic context for India’s latest defence allocations, and examines the drivers of growth, the broad distribution of resources among the defence forces, and the impact of such distribution on modernisation and the domestic defence industry. The brief posits that the new defence budget, coming on the back of a hefty mid-year upward revision of the previous alloca

How China is eyeing influence over the region with Bhutan
Jul 03, 2017

How China is eyeing influence over the region with Bhutan

Chinese borders with Bhutan have arisen through their establishing control over Tibet.

How China views the recent India-China bilateral talks on LAC
Mar 21, 2023

How China views the recent India-China bilateral talks on LAC

While downplaying China’s role in the LAC, the Chinese discourse suggests that India intends to internationalise the issue and benefit from the inte

Ideological changes unlikely in China's domestic and foreign policies
Feb 19, 2013

Ideological changes unlikely in China's domestic and foreign policies

A former director at the Cabinet Secretariat, D.S. Rajan, says that though India-China relations are peaceful for the time being, New Delhi cannot lower its guard as China's intentions are not clear with regard to the border issue.

Impending Resolution?
Sep 03, 2004

Impending Resolution?

After a hiatus of nearly six years, India and Pakistan discussed the Sir Creek border dispute. The Surveyor General of India, assisted by the Chief Hydographer of the Indian Navy led the Indian delegation while the Pakistan side was represented by Ahsan ul Haq Chaudhry, Additional Secretary in the Pakistan Ministry of Defence.

Implications of Operation 1027: From armed conflict to online scams
Nov 29, 2023

Implications of Operation 1027: From armed conflict to online scams

The military coup has led to a breakdown of the rule of law in Myanmar, creating a conducive environment for criminal activities, especially in border

In Nepal, men are more equal than women
Jul 03, 2023

In Nepal, men are more equal than women

The citizenship amendment act paves the way for thousands of stateless Nepalis to become citizens, but women continue to be considered second-class ci

In the Shadow of COVID19: Reimagining BIMSTEC’s Health Futures
May 24, 2023

In the Shadow of COVID19: Reimagining BIMSTEC’s Health Futures

BIMSTEC member states have issued, on occasion, joint statements recognising the importance of holistic public healthcare and the need for alliances. Yet, intra-BIMSTEC collaborations so far have been limited, mostly focused on traditional medicine. Amidst COVID-19, the region’s states have an opportunity to take their health-sector partnerships to a “new normal”.  Given the highly endemic nature of communicable diseases and the porous bor

India - A counterweight to the rise of China
Sep 17, 2014

India - A counterweight to the rise of China

China has a somewhat limited aim to keep India as a neutral in their real battle that for pre-eminence in East Asia, where they are pitted against the Japan-US combine. India has no real stakes in the conflict, and it is not as if Japan supports the Indian position on our borders with China or Jammu & Kashmir. Yet, New Delhi needs to handle the issue with a great deal of care.

India and China: A gathering nuclear storm?
Aug 21, 2023

India and China: A gathering nuclear storm?

The Doklam crisis of 2017 illustrates the increasing tension in India and China’s nuclear relationship. There are elements of stability and instability in such relationship, and this brief examines them. Stability, on one hand, is derived from a history of military and political restraint, ongoing institutionalised negotiations, and growing economic relations. However, the continuing border dispute and disagreement on a non-demarcated Line of A

India, China still have big problems between them
Sep 20, 2014

India, China still have big problems between them

Notwithstanding the friendly rhetoric and promises of Chinese investment, India and China still have big problems between them. The biggest, as Narendra Modi's remarks at the press interaction noted, is the border.

India, Pakistan and hope for the future
Oct 12, 2016

India, Pakistan and hope for the future

Recent developments along India-Pakistan border have grabbed attention of the world and caused a steady build up of fear with question marks for future

India-Bangladesh Relations: Finding a Way Forward
May 11, 2023

India-Bangladesh Relations: Finding a Way Forward

India has a stake in Bangladesh not only for the security of its eastern borders but also for other strategic advantages. Therefore, it cannot afford to let go of the recently achieved opportunity to break away from the past trajectory and establish new contours of engagement with Bangladesh. In many ways, this is a rare opportunity for both the countries to talk with each other and resolve differences.

India-China Relations: Still Bogged Down
May 03, 2023

India-China Relations: Still Bogged Down

After the April 27 meeting between the Indian and Chinese defense ministers, the two sides failed to issue a joint statement — a telling clue as to how the meeting went.

India-China tensions on the global stage
Aug 16, 2023

India-China tensions on the global stage

From the SCO and BRICS to the United Nations, the ongoing rivalry between India and China has expanded beyond their borders, posing new challenges