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Amid China Concerns, India Boosts Defense Budget
Feb 05, 2021

Amid China Concerns, India Boosts Defense Budget

The budget growth, clearly aimed at countering the challenge along the Sino-Indian border, is still marginal.

Amid Russia-Ukraine Conflict, Advantage China in Central Asia
Nov 23, 2023

Amid Russia-Ukraine Conflict, Advantage China in Central Asia

The Central Asian Republics (CARs) have, in recent years, implemented multifaceted foreign policies to achieve strategic autonomy and limit China’s influence and Russia's traditional sway. But domestic uprisings in the CARs, the Taliban's resurgence in Afghanistan, and now the Russia-Ukraine conflict have given China new opportunities to strengthen its presence in Central Asia. This brief investigates China's increased engagement with the CARs

Are combat roles for women suitable in Army and Navy?
Nov 06, 2015

Are combat roles for women suitable in Army and Navy?

Allowing women in combat roles in the Air Force is very different from such deployments in Navy or Army. This is mainly because, while the Air Force can ensure their selective employment on tasks within our borders, the same does not hold true for naval ships or more so for the Army.

Bangladesh–India relations: Empowering the third space for a way forward
Mar 25, 2021

Bangladesh–India relations: Empowering the third space for a way forward

A “third space” of ground-level stakeholders needs to be nurtured: Bonds of hearts and minds spanning the political and national borders, based on

Bangladesh–India ties: Crossing a threshold
Mar 25, 2021

Bangladesh–India ties: Crossing a threshold

All ties need constant nurturing. Challenges old and new will constantly require resolution.

Beijing at sea
Apr 24, 2013

Beijing at sea

The Chinese navy is leading the dramatic shift in the political goals of China's armed forces. Besides territorial defence, the Chinese armed forces now also aim to protect Beijing's expanding interests beyond borders, influence regional security politics and contribute to international peace.

Beijing’s imperialism casts a shadow from South China Sea to the Pamirs
Aug 12, 2020

Beijing’s imperialism casts a shadow from South China Sea to the Pamirs

While the undercurrents of China’s aggression in the South China Sea are still gathering storm, Beijing has made a similar “historical” claim on

Beyond Tawang: China’s frustration and New Delhi’s imperative
Jan 06, 2023

Beyond Tawang: China’s frustration and New Delhi’s imperative

New Delhi must prepare for more frequent and longer border impasses, including clashes and skirmishes, particularly in the eastern sector.

Beyond the Hype: Developing Interoperability Standards for Digital Currency at the G20
Feb 06, 2023

Beyond the Hype: Developing Interoperability Standards for Digital Currency at the G20

The legacy cross-border payment infrastructure is replete with issues of high costs, limited access, low speed, and opaque structures, which have limited the potential of cross-border payments to enhance international trade and foster economic growth in emerging economies. The increased demand for transparent, accessible, faster and cheaper solutions in the financial sector has pushed the private and public sectors to accelerate investments in in

Beyond the South Asia-centric notion of neighbourhood
May 30, 2019

Beyond the South Asia-centric notion of neighbourhood

As India’s interests move beyond its borders, the fixation with South Asia-centric notion of neighbourhood can no longer serve as a useful analytica

Bhutan elections: What is at stake for India?
Jan 22, 2024

Bhutan elections: What is at stake for India?

While the new administration will make little difference in Bhutan’s border negotiations with China, it will promote deeper economic cooperation and

Bhutan: 'National Happiness', environment and the neighbours
Nov 08, 2012

Bhutan: 'National Happiness', environment and the neighbours

The landlocked Kingdom of Bhutan, which borders two Asian giants--China in the north and India to the south-- is some sort of a misfit in this tightly enclosed geographic space. Its two neighbours when compared to Bhutan are a world apart,

Bhutan’s embankment to the new world order
Nov 16, 2023

Bhutan’s embankment to the new world order

Bhutan realises that it can no longer afford to ignore its northern neighbour and aims to swiftly resolve its border issues through diplomatic negotia

Biden's dilemma: Navigating political support amidst global conflict
Feb 13, 2024

Biden's dilemma: Navigating political support amidst global conflict

The Biden administration is torn between maintaining domestic political support and standing by key allies amidst the Russia-Ukraine conflict and Isra

BIMSTEC cooperation on trade: How to ensure incremental growth in intra-regional trade?
Jan 18, 2021

BIMSTEC cooperation on trade: How to ensure incremental growth in intra-regional trade?

BIMSTEC should pursue not only signing an FTA, but also interconnected agreements — including trade facilitation and cross-border connectivity.

Bridging the India-China divide
Jun 20, 2014

Bridging the India-China divide

Whatever shape future talks between India and China takes, bilateral problems, including the border dispute, have taken more time than their people can wait, to address leave alone resolve them.

Bringing India and Thailand Closer via the Trilateral Highway Through Myanmar
Nov 21, 2023

Bringing India and Thailand Closer via the Trilateral Highway Through Myanmar

This brief underlines the immense potential for increased cross-border trade, tourism, and people-to-people interactions between India and its Southeast Asian neighbours. In particular, it evaluates the importance of India–Thailand relations, emphasising the present state of the India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway (IMT-TH). Although India and Thailand share a maritime boundary along India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Th

Can India-China Relationship Indeed Return to Pre-Galwan Days?
Mar 10, 2021

Can India-China Relationship Indeed Return to Pre-Galwan Days?

Recent Chinese commentary suggests that India must detach the border dispute from other aspects of Sino-Indian ties.

Can we make the CBAM work for India?
Apr 10, 2024

Can we make the CBAM work for India?

For India, the CBAM entails more than just export reductions to the EU. It also prompts concerns about equity, efficiency, and alignment with certain

CCP’s use of overseas Chinese to influence western democracies
Jan 29, 2022

CCP’s use of overseas Chinese to influence western democracies

Western democracies need to be cautious and must guard against the CCP’s ‘charm offensive’ that threatens their interests.

Challenges Galore for the New CDS
Oct 09, 2022

Challenges Galore for the New CDS

Chauhan has served many commands and staff postings in the North and Northeast. As major general, he commanded the Baramulla-based 19th Infantry Division in the Northern Command. So, he has invaluable experience in countering cross-border terrorism emanating from Pakistan. His biggest strength, however, is his stint in the China-facing Eastern Command, from where he retired as commander in May 2021.

Chidambaram's visit improves India's image
Aug 05, 2011

Chidambaram's visit improves India's image

India-Bangladesh relations got a major boost following Home Minister P Chidambaram's visit to Dhaka in July this year. The visit, described by Chidambaram as constructive, infused optimism about the resolution of some of the bilateral issues like border during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's scheduled visit to India in September this year.

China BRI Project: भारत की सामरिक चुनौतियों से क्‍या है इसका लिंक
Aug 25, 2022

China BRI Project: भारत की सामरिक चुनौतियों से क्‍या है इसका लिंक

दक्षिण एशिया में कई मुल्‍कों में आए आर्थिक संकट की आंच ची�

China feels India needs to be shown its place
Dec 21, 2022

China feels India needs to be shown its place

New Delhi must sharply raise its preparedness to deal with a Beijing that seems bent on aggression

China slowly, but clearly, turning the clock back in Sino-Indian relations
Jul 03, 2017

China slowly, but clearly, turning the clock back in Sino-Indian relations

The 220 Km border between Sikkim and Tibet is the only delimited and demarcated part of the 4,000 Km odd Sino-Indian border.

China under Xi is an ‘abnormal’ state
Aug 10, 2023

China under Xi is an ‘abnormal’ state

Incidents of sudden disappearance of celebrities have been common in China. But Qin Gang’s case is special. Not only has he disappeared but his public records are also being erased.

China-India data sharing for early flood warning in the Brahmaputra: A critique
Dec 04, 2019

China-India data sharing for early flood warning in the Brahmaputra: A critique

This brief makes an assessment of the data-sharing arrangement between China and India as outlined in the Memorandum of Understanding for sharing hydrological information on the Brahmaputra river system, aimed at facilitating advance warning for floods in India during monsoon. Using hydro-meteorological data, this brief assesses the arrangement and identifies its limitations, primary of which is the wrong choice for the location of measuring stat

China-India Relations: 2 Years After Galwan Clash
Jun 18, 2022

China-India Relations: 2 Years After Galwan Clash

The prevailing tension on the China-India border is a symptom of the broader strategic competition between the two Asian neighbors.

China: Vision for Tibet-Indian Ocean Trade Route
Sep 21, 2005

China: Vision for Tibet-Indian Ocean Trade Route

The People's Republic of China (PRC) is now revealing, more assertively than before, its high expectations with regard to the opening up of Sino-Indian border trade specifically through revival of Yadong (Shigatse, Tibet) Trade Post, which was set up on May 10,

China’s Arunachal ‘Incursion’: Why India Should Look at the Bigger Picture
Oct 12, 2021

China’s Arunachal ‘Incursion’: Why India Should Look at the Bigger Picture

The 13th round of military commander’s talks between India and China will take place at Moldo today.

China’s Burmese dilemma: Dual implications of Operation 1027
Jan 26, 2024

China’s Burmese dilemma: Dual implications of Operation 1027

The recent military drills along the Myanmar border reflect China's growing concern regarding the intensification of conflict in the Shan state in Mya

China’s innovation boom: Lessons for India
Nov 08, 2017

China’s innovation boom: Lessons for India

China’s most fascinating online experiments are taking place beyond the borders of its traditional technology sector.

China’s massive attack against India: A looming possibility
Jun 17, 2024

China’s massive attack against India: A looming possibility

India might be deceiving itself by believing China will limit itself to "grey-zone operations" along the Sino-Indian border, avoiding all-out war. Thi

China’s Military Modernisation: Recent Trends
Apr 11, 2023

China’s Military Modernisation: Recent Trends

China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has undergone many changes since Xi Jinping became general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 2013. Efforts at modernising the PLA have been conducted in earnest for the past 10 years through the overhaul of the organisation and the introduction of latest technologies to make it battle-ready. This paper describes these capability-related and institutional changes in China’s military, wh

Chinese keep a keen eye on Modi's visit
May 11, 2015

Chinese keep a keen eye on Modi's visit

In Beijing, the overwhelming question a visitor faces is: What will be the outcome of the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi? Will he bring a package to resolve the border question, or will he come with a basket of measures to attract Chinese investment in India?

Chinese reactions to Bhutan PM’s interview
Apr 14, 2023

Chinese reactions to Bhutan PM’s interview

The Bhutanese PM’s recent interview is being lauded by the Chinese as an attempt by Bhutan to move closer to China at the expense of India

Chinese shift poses new challenges to India
Dec 09, 2014

Chinese shift poses new challenges to India

The shift in Chinese foreign policy poses new and different kind of challenges to India. Even while we are working feverishly to ensure the defence of our Himalyan border militarily, the Chinese are throwing an economic challenge, as manifested by its growing ties with Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives and Nepal.

Chinese strategy behind high-level exchanges with India
May 19, 2023

Chinese strategy behind high-level exchanges with India

China is using direct communications with India while also reaching out to India’s neighbours to push for stability at the border without conceding

Clear danger to India from CBR terrorism: ORF-RUSI Study
Jun 14, 2012

Clear danger to India from CBR terrorism: ORF-RUSI Study

A research study by Observer Research Foundation (ORF) and Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) has found that there is a clear danger to India from CBR (Chemical, Biological and Radiological Materials) terrorism due to the known intentions of terrorist groups active within India's borders.

Closer to the edge
Nov 23, 2021

Closer to the edge

China is populating the rugged Himalayan frontier; India should, too

Connectivity and Commerce Imperatives in the Indo-Pacific
Jan 27, 2022

Connectivity and Commerce Imperatives in the Indo-Pacific

In recent times, the centre of gravity for global trade and economic activities has shifted to the Indo-Pacific and, consequently, there is heightened competition between global powers that have stakes in the region. The importance of connectivity has therefore come to the forefront, covering domains like digitisation with interoperable regimes comprising data protection and cyber security, along with cross-border infrastructures that need attent

Conspiring on Afghan soil? Sino-Pak collusion in Kabul
Jan 22, 2021

Conspiring on Afghan soil? Sino-Pak collusion in Kabul

Beijing’s growing interest in co-conspiring with Pakistan on Afghan soil adds to the growing tensions in the subcontinent, heightening concern over

Contemporary Conflicts in Jammu & Kashmir
Mar 22, 2007

Contemporary Conflicts in Jammu & Kashmir

The internal dynamics of Jammu and Kashmir have assumed significance in the context of the ongoing India-Pakistan normalisation process, on the one hand, and the Centre's continuing efforts at peace-building with non-militant political groups in the State, on the other. Often, efforts aimed at understanding the complexities of the issues are bogged down by the past, or are confined to the 'Indian angle'. There is very little reference to Pakistan

Counter-terrorism: आतंक-निरोध के क्षेत्र में भारत का अंतरराष्ट्रीय पटल पर बढ़ता रुतबा!
Jul 28, 2023

Counter-terrorism: आतंक-निरोध के क्षेत्र में भारत का अंतरराष्ट्रीय पटल पर बढ़ता रुतबा!

आतंकवाद के उभरते ख़तरों के मद्देनज़र भारत ने आतंक-निरोध �

Counterterror ops in Kashmir in the times of COVID-19
May 13, 2020

Counterterror ops in Kashmir in the times of COVID-19

In coming weeks, the battleground in all probability, could be the LoC and the villages dotting the vicinity.

Covid-19: The crisis will strengthen anti-globalisation voices
Mar 16, 2020

Covid-19: The crisis will strengthen anti-globalisation voices

The pandemic will lead to a greater backlash against open borders and economies. It is time for a creative rethink

Crisis in DRC after M23 peace talks fail
Nov 26, 2013

Crisis in DRC after M23 peace talks fail

The collapse of peace talks in the Democratic Republic of Congo is the latest blow for the mineral-rich east border zone with Rwanda and Uganda. The stalemate could re-ignite tensions not only with the rebels but also with Uganda which was trying to mediate an end to the conflict.