Search: For - Border

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Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: An Update
Aug 11, 2023

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: An Update

Improved infrastructure has a critical role in enabling a nation to apply military power. On the India-China border, there is a clear military imbalance-not just in terms of equipment and forces on the border but also in terms of the physical infrastructure. This paper will compare the infrastructure as it exists today, while identifying the gaps.

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: Issues and Challenges
Jul 31, 2023

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: Issues and Challenges

This paper looks at the recent Chinese infrastructural developments along the Sino-Indian border, including building of highways, road links and oil pipelines that have improved the country's force deployment and sustenance capabilities. The paper also assesses India?s infrastructure initiatives on the border front and argues that they are inadequate, especially in light of the Chinese developments.

Slow steps to India-China border tranquillity
Mar 21, 2023

Slow steps to India-China border tranquillity

Meetings have been taking place, but if China seeks to use the lack of precision of the Line of Actual Control to keep India off balance, little will change

Swaraj in Beijing, with eyes on border
Feb 03, 2015

Swaraj in Beijing, with eyes on border

Even before the hype over US President Barack Obama's visit to Delhi has died down, the Modi government is on the move to enhance its ties with China. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj's ongoing China visit is an important part of this effort.

Technology and Terror: A new era of threat in a borderless online world
May 21, 2019

Technology and Terror: A new era of threat in a borderless online world

Terror requires spectacle to thrive and technology has allowed this opera of violence to find new audiences and locales.

The border challenge
May 27, 2020

The border challenge

The fact that more Chinese soldiers are now crossing over into the Indian side can be the result of growing Chinese aggressiveness on territorial issues

The borders that bind us
May 12, 2021

The borders that bind us

The greatest learning and empathy reveals itself only when walls are brought down.

The China-Bhutan border deal should worry India
Oct 22, 2021

The China-Bhutan border deal should worry India

Recent developments suggest a perception in Bhutan that there are limits to which it can depend on India for its security

The elusive watersheds of Ladakh: Explaining India and China’s missing border
Aug 26, 2020

The elusive watersheds of Ladakh: Explaining India and China’s missing border

On top of the violence and upheaval of Partition, the integration of more than 550 princely states, and a war with Pakistan over Kashmir, the British

The India-China Border Question: An Analysis of International Law and State Practices
Dec 16, 2020

The India-China Border Question: An Analysis of International Law and State Practices

Over the years, India has attempted to find political as well as legal solutions to its border dispute with China; these efforts have met with little success. This paper argues that the reason a resolution to the India–China border issue remains elusive is the inadequate understanding—and enforcement—of International Law. It examines the sustainability of China’s position, as well as its general approach to International Law, its interpre

The need for integrated SOPs to combat human trafficking along India–Nepal border
Mar 23, 2021

The need for integrated SOPs to combat human trafficking along India–Nepal border

It becomes imperative that both India and Nepal urgently address the existing gaps in cross-border management by formulating integrated SOPs that targ

The Russia–Ukraine border crisis: Europe’s moment of reckoning
Dec 18, 2021

The Russia–Ukraine border crisis: Europe’s moment of reckoning

Much to the chagrin of the West, Russia continues to display aggression on the Ukraine front. Does this represent an opportunity for closer EU-Ukraine

The Simmering Boundary: A “new normal” at the India–China border? | Part 1
Jun 13, 2020

The Simmering Boundary: A “new normal” at the India–China border? | Part 1

The good news is, the current crisis in Ladakh bears some resemblance to these prior standoffs, all of which were peacefully resolved. The bad news is

The Simmering Boundary: A “new normal” at the India–China border? | Part 2
Jun 14, 2020

The Simmering Boundary: A “new normal” at the India–China border? | Part 2

Past experience and Occam’s razor suggest wolf warrior diplomacy has seized the day.

The Wuhan summit and the India–China border dispute
Jun 26, 2018

The Wuhan summit and the India–China border dispute

The recent Wuhan summit between India and China has been called many things: from a “game changer” to a much needed “reset” in Indian-China relations. It has generated expectations in the two countries that they will avoid any clash due to miscalculation and error. This has strengthened the tradition that India and China have maintained since the Border Peace and Tranquility Agreement of 1993, of resolving problems bilaterally through dia

Three years of India-Pakistan border ceasefire: Stable and unsteady
Mar 19, 2024

Three years of India-Pakistan border ceasefire: Stable and unsteady

New Delhi is aware that Pakistan’s military establishment will continue its proxy war, nonetheless, it favours a ceasefire for as long as possible w

Thrust on making borders irrelevant
Jul 05, 2010

Thrust on making borders irrelevant

Terrorism, water and Afghanistan form facets of the wide range of issues which allow possible collaboration between India and Pakistan. These include trade and commerce, energy sharing, increased transport, communication links and simplified visa procedures.

Trade between India-Pak border areas offers hope for future bilateral ties
Aug 29, 2011

Trade between India-Pak border areas offers hope for future bilateral ties

Indian and Pakistani governments have realised the necessity of better connecting provinces on both sides of the border as a possible means of improving broader relations between the two nations.

Tuning American diplomacy: Melody beyond borders
Oct 07, 2023

Tuning American diplomacy: Melody beyond borders

The US aims to promote music diplomacy to promote global peace and democracy, as part of its larger foreign policy goals

Unabating tension with China spurs India’s border infrastructure efforts
Jul 02, 2021

Unabating tension with China spurs India’s border infrastructure efforts

India has reversed its previous neglect of infrastructure near the border, but it has a long way to go to close the gap with China.

Understanding Sino-Indian border issues: An analysis of incidents reported in the Indian media
Feb 12, 2018

Understanding Sino-Indian border issues: An analysis of incidents reported in the Indian media

Reports of incursions by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army along the Line-of-Actual Control (LAC) are rife in the Indian media. A commonly held opinion is that the Indian media tend to sensationalise their reportage of these incursions, or “China’s transgressions”, as the Indian government calls them. This paper analyses these incidents, as reported in select Indian newspapers, over a period of 12 years. It outlines the nature of these

Unquiet borders on the Himalayas
Jul 08, 2020

Unquiet borders on the Himalayas

Peace and war are not the only options in any bilateral relationship. Numerous issues, more or less serious, emerge between two countries which demand

Urgent need to improve India's border infrastructure
Sep 06, 2010

Urgent need to improve India's border infrastructure

India needs to improve its border infrastructure in the background of the changing geopolitics of Asia that will increasingly be shaped by Sino-Indian relations, pointed out a panel discussion on "India's Border Infrastructure" at ORF.

US-Pakistan Military Operations in Pak-Afghan Border (Vol. I Issue)
Apr 07, 2023

US-Pakistan Military Operations in Pak-Afghan Border (Vol. I Issue)

The US-Pakistan deal is as simple as it can get: Pakistan will cooperate with the US to hunt Al Qaeda and in return the US will not annihilate the Taliban which serves Pakistani strategic interests in the region.

Utilising blockchain for cross-border payments: Implications for India
Aug 20, 2023

Utilising blockchain for cross-border payments: Implications for India

Cross-border payment is one part of the banking sector that has yet to benefit from recent progress in digitalisation. Most international transactions are still processed using a 600-year-old correspondent banking system devised by the Medici.[1] However, this system of manual entry of transactions is not a scalable solution for the burgeoning digital payments space. While this may seem like an issue for institutions, a huge segment of the popul

Why border dispute will remain a thorn in Sino-India relations
May 07, 2018

Why border dispute will remain a thorn in Sino-India relations

If the two countries want to move ahead along the lines indicated in Wuhan, they need to settle this, not set it aside as they have been doing in recent decades.

Why the reopening of the Nepal-India border would serve the interests of both countries
Nov 25, 2020

Why the reopening of the Nepal-India border would serve the interests of both countries

It is most unusual that the border has been lying closed for over eight months and there is still uncertainty about the prospect of its re-opening.

Will the ceasefire on India Pakistan border sustain?
Sep 29, 2021

Will the ceasefire on India Pakistan border sustain?

As tensions increase across the border, there is very little keeping the peace together  

#Kashmir: PM lacks political aide with sufficient heft
Aug 29, 2016

#Kashmir: PM lacks political aide with sufficient heft

PM Modi’s only problem is that he lacks a political aide with sufficient heft to take the conversation on Kashmir forward.

#भारत-अफ़ग़ानिस्तान संबंध: अपनी शर्तों पर ही तालिबान से संपर्क बढ़ाने की सोच रख भारत!
Jun 22, 2022

#भारत-अफ़ग़ानिस्तान संबंध: अपनी शर्तों पर ही तालिबान से संपर्क बढ़ाने की सोच रख भारत!

करते परवान गुरुद्वारे पर हमले ने अफ़ग़ानिस्तान में भारत की हालिया सक्रियता पर नए सिरे से सवाल खड़े कर दिए हैं क्योंकि काबुल में तालिबान के काबिज होने के बाद नई दिल्ली उसके

2018 — A testing year for Pakistan
Jan 04, 2018

2018 — A testing year for Pakistan

In 2018, Pakistan would move deeper into internal chaos, its relations with its neighbours would only worsen adding to tensions on both its borders.

A landmark in India-Bangladesh ties
May 12, 2015

A landmark in India-Bangladesh ties

The Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh will strengthen cooperation on border management. The two countries should not only cooperate with each other in controlling cross-border crimes, but also work on improving the lives of the people on the border by encouraging cross-border trade.

A New Year gift to Syria: A possible agreement?
Dec 28, 2012

A New Year gift to Syria: A possible agreement?

The US is entering its trickiest phase in the Af-Pak region, where elections are due in both, Pakistan and Afghanistan just around the time Washington has set for its troops to depart. Can troops depart without an overt or covert understanding with Iran which has a long border with Afghanistan?

A reset of India–Nepal relations
Jan 29, 2021

A reset of India–Nepal relations

Interdependence between India and Nepal is the secret to reset the relations between the neighbours.

After Attari
Apr 16, 2012

After Attari

The problem of contemporary India's foreign policy making is not that states have acquired a veto over the Centre. Most state leaderships have not only supported regional economic integration and trans-border connectivity, but are also craving for it.

After SL serial-blasts, Maldives displays cautious optimism
May 22, 2019

After SL serial-blasts, Maldives displays cautious optimism

In the aftermath of the Easter serial-attacks in Sri Lanka, the security forces in Maldives conducted an emergency response exercise, and border secur

After taking up 'Pak terror' with China, can India keep Beijing out of 'Kashmir' talks?
Jun 18, 2019

After taking up 'Pak terror' with China, can India keep Beijing out of 'Kashmir' talks?

China would have a seat in the high table when the South Asian neighbours discuss and decide upon the ‘K-issue’.

Agenda for the new Govt: Reform and restructure the national security system
May 19, 2014

Agenda for the new Govt: Reform and restructure the national security system

Across Asia, there is a great demand for India to play a more active role, one befitting its size and interests. But, whenever push comes to shove, we run up against two problems-first, our economy that lacks heft and second, our military which unable to play a role outside our borders.

Amid China Concerns, India Boosts Defense Budget
Feb 05, 2021

Amid China Concerns, India Boosts Defense Budget

The budget growth, clearly aimed at countering the challenge along the Sino-Indian border, is still marginal.