Search: For - African countries

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African Countries respond to Omicron: Vaccination Drives, Vaccination Boosters and Vaccination Mandates
Jan 07, 2022

African Countries respond to Omicron: Vaccination Drives, Vaccination Boosters and Vaccination Mandates

As the Omicron wave in Africa recedes, hard lockdowns seem to be a thing of the past

International aid to famine-affected Yemen, African countries misses the point
Jul 20, 2017

International aid to famine-affected Yemen, African countries misses the point

By pledging humanitarian assistance, but ignoring that conflict is the root cause of famines, the US and UK aren’t making a difference.

Need for further improving LOCs with African countries
Mar 24, 2014

Need for further improving LOCs with African countries

Considering the importance of Lines of Credits in India's development cooperation programme, ORF has undertaken a study of the system and process of LOCs. Early results point to need for improvements in the system.

AfCFTA: Need for integrating the African Continental Infrastructure Framework
Jun 06, 2019

AfCFTA: Need for integrating the African Continental Infrastructure Framework

An efficient and low-cost transport system is a prerequisite for African countries to become competitive in the global market.

Africa and COVID19: Impact, Response, and Challenges to Recovery
Sep 28, 2020

Africa and COVID19: Impact, Response, and Challenges to Recovery

The COVID-19 outbreak poses immense challenges to Africa’s resilience. The pandemic’s economic fallout, caused by disruptions in global and regional value chains and a slump in commodity prices, can derail the progress which the continent has recorded in recent years. Despite the bleak forecasts, however, African countries have managed to mount a concerted response to the pandemic. This paper examines the extent of the economic and health imp

Africa’s ‘Agenda 2063’: A document of hope
Aug 20, 2023

Africa’s ‘Agenda 2063’: A document of hope

Even after the decolonisation of Africa, the continent was unable to formulate, let alone implement its own agenda because of its deep political and economic vulnerabilities. This situation has changed in the last two decades, and today, Africa is witnessing political and economic resurgence. Its leaders realise that the time has come for African development to be owned and driven by the African people themselves. There is a new enthusiasm for th

Analysing France’s new strategy for Africa
Mar 15, 2023

Analysing France’s new strategy for Africa

With its new strategy for partnership with African countries, France aims to break away from its past approach towards the continent

Between a rock and a hard place: African position on the Russia–Ukraine conflict
Mar 11, 2022

Between a rock and a hard place: African position on the Russia–Ukraine conflict

Equivocal sentiments emanate from African countries on their stance on voting for the UN resolution demanding withdrawal of Russian troops from Ukrai

Building African Capacity: What’s the story beyond the numbers?
Nov 10, 2020

Building African Capacity: What’s the story beyond the numbers?

Despite the importance of capacity building in India’s development cooperation programme with African countries, a comprehensive assessment of India

Can the Western Indian Ocean region be a game changer for India?
Mar 11, 2019

Can the Western Indian Ocean region be a game changer for India?

The Western Indian Ocean region’s geographical proximity and its rich natural resources, provides India with a great opportunity to increase its mar

China and Africa—Is it the end of the honeymoon period?
Oct 27, 2021

China and Africa—Is it the end of the honeymoon period?

The fading of Sino-optimism seen in African countries and the emergence of new western initiatives in counter to BRI are ample reasons for China to re

China, the US, and Russia go on a diplomatic charm offensive in Africa
Feb 01, 2023

China, the US, and Russia go on a diplomatic charm offensive in Africa

How are the African countries dealing with the renewed interest in Africa by China, the US, and Russia?

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa
May 10, 2023

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa

Over the last two decades, China has established a significant economic presence in most African countries. Its lucrative economic investment package, flexible political approach, and focused big-ticket development projects under the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) provide an ostensibly massive opportunity to African countries. However, the unilateral nature of the initiative, the lack of transparency and accountability to African countries, and t

Contemporary aspects of India’s relations with East and South Africa
Jan 19, 2017

Contemporary aspects of India’s relations with East and South Africa

This paper trains the spotlight on India’s relations with Africa by studying the country’s relations with two east African countries – Tanzania and Kenya, and two south African countries – Mozambique and South Africa. The paper opens with a description of the trade, investment, and development cooperation links between India and these countries. An assessment follows of three key areas in these bilateral relationships: energy, food securi

Covid-19 and its impact on Africa
Mar 20, 2020

Covid-19 and its impact on Africa

Are African countries ready to handle a potential outbreak?

Crisis in Mali: The larger implications
Jan 24, 2013

Crisis in Mali: The larger implications

The Mali crisis has attained added significance in view of the fact that many other African countries like Nigeria and Somalia are also facing the problem of terrorism. The weakness of the armed forces in most African nations encourages such rebel forces. This re-emphasises the urgent need for an efficient African Rapid Deployment Force.

Debt Diplomacy in Action: An Overview of China's Loans and Investments in West Africa
Sep 15, 2023

Debt Diplomacy in Action: An Overview of China's Loans and Investments in West Africa

In recent years, China has increasingly invested in West Africa to further its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative, diversify its supply chains, and acquire critical minerals and raw materials for its domestic industries. Indeed, China sees immense potential in West Africa for the region’s ability to provide a secure supply of critical minerals and energy resources insulated from the West. Beijing is now the region’s largest bilateral trading

Democratic civilian transition in Africa: The case of Algeria, Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo
Jun 03, 2019

Democratic civilian transition in Africa: The case of Algeria, Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo

Recent events in Algeria and Sudan have brought the difficult and complicated task of democratic civilian transition in African countries back into fo

Engagement with Africa vital for India's global power ambitions
Jun 25, 2013

Engagement with Africa vital for India's global power ambitions

The importance of today's Africa for India is self-evident. India's ambitions of being a global power cannot be achieved without the support of the African continent consisting of 55 countries. Nowhere is the importance of African countries felt more than on the issue of the expansion of the UN Security Council.

Engaging Africa through summits: The experience of forum on China-Africa cooperation
Jul 25, 2018

Engaging Africa through summits: The experience of forum on China-Africa cooperation

Whether China will be able to implement its commitments at a fast pace and accord priority to important areas of cooperation will ultimately depend on

Green Hydrogen: An Opportunity for India-Africa Cooperation
Jan 16, 2023

Green Hydrogen: An Opportunity for India-Africa Cooperation

Although India and Africa have long shared close ties, engagement between the two regions is yet to reach its full potential. However, amid the global green transition and attempts to enhance energy security, green hydrogen—increasingly seen as the ‘fuel of the future’—could provide a new avenue for cooperation between the regions. Such a partnership, focused on building a global value chain for the large-scale adoption of green h

Health Perspective of the G20 New Delhi Leaders Declaration
Oct 25, 2023

Health Perspective of the G20 New Delhi Leaders Declaration

The New Delhi Declaration’s policy commitments in the health sector emphasise the role of the G20 in revising the existing financial and global heal

India and Africa: Charting a Post-COVID19 Future
Jun 25, 2020

India and Africa: Charting a Post-COVID19 Future

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the fragility of healthcare systems and strained economies across the globe. India and countries in Africa have emerged as hotspots due to the dual burden of large populations and weak health infrastructure. This lack of infrastructure, coupled with decreasing investments in healthcare over the years, has left their societies and governments underprepared and potentially overwhelmed by COVID-19. As developing reg

India and China in Africa: Difference lies in scale
Apr 07, 2017

India and China in Africa: Difference lies in scale

Africa has emerged as a favoured investment destination on account of the high rate of growth experienced by many African countries and discovery of oil.

India needs to expand depth and scope of dialogue with Africa: MPs
Mar 21, 2013

India needs to expand depth and scope of dialogue with Africa: MPs

India's economic cooperation with many of the African countries is booming but some parliamentarians from Africa think that to make the cooperation more constructive, India should try to make the local population also stake holders.

India should lead industrialisation of Africa: Rwandan High Commissioner
Aug 27, 2010

India should lead industrialisation of Africa: Rwandan High Commissioner

Saying that India is ideally placed to build partnerships with African countries, the Rwandan High Commissioner to India, Mr. Williams Nkurunziza, has suggested that India should take the lead in the industrialisation and human resource development of Africa by investing in its capacity building.

India's racial prejudice is jeopardising ties with African nations
Jul 28, 2020

India's racial prejudice is jeopardising ties with African nations

Incidents in China should serve as a reminder that racial bias against Africans will be counterproductive for countries wanting to pursue a holistic partnership with African countries.

India-Africa partnership for food security: Beyond strategic concerns
Apr 24, 2020

India-Africa partnership for food security: Beyond strategic concerns

India and Africa’s complementary sectoral priorities and similar roles in the evolving global food markets present numerous opportunities for collaboration in the agricultural sector. This paper analyses the potential for India-Africa cooperation towards food security and capacity building. It makes an assessment of Indian partnership with African countries in the areas of agriculture and food security, outlines current initiatives in both regi

India’s Maritime Agenda Pivots to Western Indian Ocean
Aug 16, 2023

India’s Maritime Agenda Pivots to Western Indian Ocean

The Western Indian Ocean Region (WIOR) is linked to India in several ways, yet it remains conspicuous in its absence from India’s foreign policy discourse. This lack of attention is now beginning to reverse as external players stake their geopolitical claims in the region. India has responded by reorienting its own nautical outlook towards WIOR and building friendly relationships with African countries that straddle the region. This bri

Mainstreaming Gender in India-Africa Partnership for Energy Access
Jul 05, 2021

Mainstreaming Gender in India-Africa Partnership for Energy Access

The seventh of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aims to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all by 2030. This challenge is acute in the African continent, home to large populations without access to electricity and clean cooking fuel. This brief explores the scope for cooperation between India and Africa in not only achieving SDG 7, but while doing so, also considering the targets set by SDG 5 to

Obama's Africa outreach: Too little, too late?
Jul 26, 2013

Obama's Africa outreach: Too little, too late?

The US needs to seriously reconsider its policy of advising African countries about how they go about their foreign policy or risk losing any goodwill it has left in the region. Also, perhaps, Obama's Africa visit has come too late in the day and his promises are too little to entice the Africans.

Protecting personal data: Who is the governor?
May 20, 2019

Protecting personal data: Who is the governor?

African countries should learn from mistakes that have already been made while pursuing their own path in Internet security.

Regional Integration in Africa:A Study on the East African community
Nov 08, 2013

Regional Integration in Africa:A Study on the East African community

This paper analyses the initiatives for regional integration in East Africa and the challenges that are being faced in this regard. The paper also examines the development initiatives taken by India in the region. Following the European withdrawal, statesmen ushering in independent Africa were faced with the dire prospect of addressing the many problems their colonial overlords had left upon them. Independent Africa was left in abject poverty

Relevance of the International Criminal Court in question
Nov 14, 2016

Relevance of the International Criminal Court in question

Questions of relevance have come to the fore with the decision by three African countries — Burundi, South Africa and Gambia — to withdraw from th

Strategic implications of Indo-Japanese cooperation on the ‘Asia and Africa growth corridor’
Aug 17, 2023

Strategic implications of Indo-Japanese cooperation on the ‘Asia and Africa growth corridor’

India and Japan’s economic vision is that of an ‘Asia and Africa Growth Corridor’ (AAGC) empowering states to peacefully counter and constrain Chinese revisionism. However, a stable AAGC will depend on enhanced security cooperation and the current rules-based order upheld by the US-led security framework. While current Indian and Japanese engagements in Asia are conducive to successful cooperation, weaker economic and military engagements w

The African continental free trade area and its implications for India-Africa trade
Oct 08, 2018

The African continental free trade area and its implications for India-Africa trade

The African countries are set to launch the African Continental Free Trade Area or AfCFTA, the biggest free trade agreement in the world since the World Trade Organization was created in the 1990s. When implemented, the AfCFTA is projected to increase intra-African trade by 52.3 percent by 2022, from 2010 levels. In turn, higher trade levels can facilitate economic growth, transform domestic economies, and help the countries achieve the Sustainab

The African Continental Free Trade Area: Opportunities for India
Jul 21, 2023

The African Continental Free Trade Area: Opportunities for India

Unlike in other regions of the world, the value of intra-Africa trade has remained low over the years. Moreover, Africa accounts for just 2 percent of global trade. In 2021, African countries launched the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), which aims to create a single African market for the free movement of goods, services, labour, and capital, and increase intra-African trade. AfCFTA may be able to provide Indian firms and in

The changing nature of India’s Lines Of Credit to Africa
May 25, 2018

The changing nature of India’s Lines Of Credit to Africa

The many success stories of Indian LOC funded projects, which has been welcomed positively by Africa, indicates the point that African countries have

The Fintech Landscape in India and Africa: A Primer
Aug 16, 2023

The Fintech Landscape in India and Africa: A Primer

The adoption of digital payments has risen exponentially over the past decade in many countries including India and those in the African continent. In India, the growth has run parallel to rapid mobile penetration, aided by initiatives like Aadhaar, the Unified Payments Interface (UPI), and IndiaStack, as well as the unintended push factor created by demonetisation in November 2016. This brief discusses the landscape of fintech—‘finan

The G20 compact with Africa: Overview, assessment, and recommendations for India
Jun 29, 2017

The G20 compact with Africa: Overview, assessment, and recommendations for India

The ‘Compact with Africa’ (CWA) is the main pillar of a renewed G20 partnership with the continent. Its objective is to attract more private investment to Africa, especially for infrastructure. African countries face the challenge of diversifying their economies and promoting industries and services that can absorb a rapidly growing labour force. Lack of investment and Africa’s massive infrastructure gap are major obstacles to this economic

The Global Gateway in Africa: Europe’s foray into infrastructure diplomacy
Jan 06, 2024

The Global Gateway in Africa: Europe’s foray into infrastructure diplomacy

Given the dearth of natural resources, all major powers are intensifying their collaboration with African countries and investing in infrastructure an

The Lobito Corridor: The West’s bid against Chinese domination in Central Africa
Dec 11, 2023

The Lobito Corridor: The West’s bid against Chinese domination in Central Africa

The wide array of economic sectors covered under the PGII’s Lobito Corridor is aimed at countering Chinese presence in African countries

The significance of China and Africa in Russia’s foreign policy
Apr 26, 2023

The significance of China and Africa in Russia’s foreign policy

Russia’s foreign policy underlines the significant role that both China and African countries will play

Will the new US strategy weaken China’s influence in Africa?
Aug 13, 2022

Will the new US strategy weaken China’s influence in Africa?

There are multiple reasons for African countries to be cautiously optimistic about the new US policy.