Search: For - Border

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Securing Afghanistan: Historic Sources of India’s Contemporary Challenge
Aug 11, 2023

Securing Afghanistan: Historic Sources of India’s Contemporary Challenge

This paper looks at debates from the days of the British Raj until now that have shaped India's strategic thought on Afghanistan. It highlights the impact of India's territorial construct on its strategic imagination and argues that India's Afghan policy is determined by its political geography. Afghanistan has proved to be a security lynchpin in South and A Central Asia over the last two decades. Home to a variety of militant networks with regi

Something fishy about m.v Eugenia containers
Jan 10, 2006

Something fishy about m.v Eugenia containers

A consignment of over 100 tonnes of explosives, carried in six shipping containers. The ship was bound for Bander Abbas in Iran where the consignment was to be unlaoded and moved overland from Iran to Jaranz in Afghanistan since Pakistan does not permit such cargo to be sent from India over its territory. The consigment was of commercial grade explosives meant for use by Border Road Organization (BRO) for road construction.

South Asia policy after Modi's China visit
May 22, 2015

South Asia policy after Modi's China visit

Indian concerns over a 'rising China' is more about China's 'increasing influence' in the South Asian neighbourhood than over the possibility of a revived border episode or a return to war between the two Asian giants.

Sowing the wind, reaping the whirlwind
Jun 19, 2022

Sowing the wind, reaping the whirlwind

The self-goal could have been avoided, but the ruling party saw the emerging warning signals with eyes wide shut. Some party sections clearly felt they were clever enough to run with the hare and hunt with the hounds, and that religious polarisation in domestic politics could work to electoral advantage even as the PM and his diplomats wooed the Muslim nations of the Gulf. Perhaps, they don’t recognise that we live in an interconnected world, w

Standoff on the Doklam plateau: Another instance of Chinese lawfare
Jul 07, 2017

Standoff on the Doklam plateau: Another instance of Chinese lawfare

China's renewed focus on the Indian border should be seen in the wider context of its status as a revisionist power and its provocative actions across

Striking with caution: Beyond the performative muscle flexing, Islamabad had little choice
Jan 28, 2024

Striking with caution: Beyond the performative muscle flexing, Islamabad had little choice

This return to business as usual is reflective of the wariness on both sides to escalate the crisis further and prevent it from metastasising into a new front of conflict.

Surgical Strikes and Deterrence-Stability in South Asia
Jun 24, 2017

Surgical Strikes and Deterrence-Stability in South Asia

Indian announcement of having conducted surgical strikes across the de-facto border with Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir has major implications for deterrence-stability in South Asia. New Delhi has sought to devise a military strategy to respond to Pakistan’s sub-conventional war that does not lead to escalation of conflict to nuclear levels and collapse of nuclear deterrence. This paper analyses India’s surgical strikes of September 2016, thei

Swapping land good for India and Bangladesh
Sep 06, 2011

Swapping land good for India and Bangladesh

The swapping of land between India and Bangladesh will bring clarity to the border, which will eventually lead to improved border management. This will also help in controlling illegal migration, and reduce scepticism in Bangladesh, leading to a sense of optimism all around.

Swaraj's Beijing visit creates right atmosphere for Modi's visit
Feb 13, 2015

Swaraj's Beijing visit creates right atmosphere for Modi's visit

After Sushma Swaraj's successful visit to Beijing, which managed to create a certain degree of 'warmth' in China's attitude towards India, now all eyes will be on Mr Modi's visit to China in May. But before that the border talks that are going to be held soon will play a key role in determining the course of events.

Takeaways for India from IPCC’s Assessment of Global Mitigation Efforts
Aug 14, 2023

Takeaways for India from IPCC’s Assessment of Global Mitigation Efforts

The findings of Working Group-III (WG-III) of the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) clearly highlight the global failure to scale-up mitigation actions to achieve the Paris Climate targets. Immediate and unprecedented action will now be needed to avoid catastrophic global warming in this century. The WG-III report details some of the policy actions needed at the global level to enable a sustai

Taliban’s response to the crisis in Pakistan
May 16, 2023

Taliban’s response to the crisis in Pakistan

As Pakistan grapples with an existential polycrisis of the state, the response of the TTP and Afghan Taliban across the border raise additional concer

Tatmadaw’s outreach to armed organisations: Extending an olive branch?
Aug 16, 2022

Tatmadaw’s outreach to armed organisations: Extending an olive branch?

The lack of technical details and progress of the peace talks amid ongoing land and air incursions in the borderlands has drawn criticism that the neg

Terror from across: Well-considered action needed
Sep 28, 2016

Terror from across: Well-considered action needed

The need to look at terror from across the border in a pragmatic manner and not basing it upon rhetoric

The 1998 Pokhran nuclear tests: reactions and responses from the Indo-Pacific
May 11, 2023

The 1998 Pokhran nuclear tests: reactions and responses from the Indo-Pacific

There is increasing recognition that, given India shares land borders with nuclear-armed countries like Pakistan and China, it was imperative for Indi

The 2015 India-Bangladesh land boundary agreement: Identifying constraints and exploring possibilities in Cooch Behar
Jul 24, 2017

The 2015 India-Bangladesh land boundary agreement: Identifying constraints and exploring possibilities in Cooch Behar

The border between India and Bangladesh—highly crucial to their bilateral relationship—has always been difficult to manage given, for one, its sheer length. The most important bilateral initiative between Bangladesh and India may yet be the attempt to resolve the longstanding border dispute that arose after the Partition of 1947, by means of the 2015 Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) and the exchange of enclaves (chhitmahals) and adverse possessi

The Baloch and Pashtun nationalist movements in Pakistan: Colonial legacy and the failure of state policy
Jul 30, 2019

The Baloch and Pashtun nationalist movements in Pakistan: Colonial legacy and the failure of state policy

Along Pakistan’s western frontier, the Pashtuns in the north and the Baloch in the south have historically been crucial elements of the country’s ethnic tapestry. Their place in Pakistani society today is the result of their geography, British colonial legacy, and their relationship with the state. For many years now, the Pashtuns have borne the brunt of the Afghan jihad and military campaigns against their tribes while the Baloch hav

The belt and road to China’s “new era” of global power
Oct 25, 2017

The belt and road to China’s “new era” of global power

The dragon has officially risen. But as China spreads its reach and influence beyond its borders through the Belt and Road Initiative, implementation

The challenges and opportunities of innovating in India
Oct 30, 2020

The challenges and opportunities of innovating in India

We must build the credibility of Indian innovation within our borders and convince people that the quality of research done in India is at par with th

The Changing Contours of Bhutan’s Foreign Policy and the Implications for China and India
Jul 21, 2023

The Changing Contours of Bhutan’s Foreign Policy and the Implications for China and India

Bhutan has historically maintained a neutral relationship with China, to its north, and a more special relationship with India, whose states border its west, east, and south. Over the past two decades, however, many factors are forcing Bhutan to settle its longstanding territorial disputes with China and diversify its relations. These factors include its own changing economy and transition from an absolute monarchy to a democracy, a gener

The Changing Contours of Regionalism and Multilateralism in a Globalised World
Sep 12, 2023

The Changing Contours of Regionalism and Multilateralism in a Globalised World

This issue brief looks at the trends of regionalism and multilateralism, their importance and evolution in an age of problems without borders that require regional or global solutions.

The Chinese chatter on the eve of the Chinese defence minister’s India visit
Apr 26, 2023

The Chinese chatter on the eve of the Chinese defence minister’s India visit

There is a deepening concern amongst the Chinese strategic community over the convergence of interest between the US and India.

The domestic motivations of Beijing's LAC aggression
May 28, 2020

The domestic motivations of Beijing's LAC aggression

Any appearance of weakness in Xi on the world stage could imperil his grip on power within China

The highs and lows of India–US convergence
Jun 06, 2024

The highs and lows of India–US convergence

The strategic convergence between India and the US might be weakening as the US increasingly focuses on the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East and E

The implications of the enhancement of jurisdiction of BSF
Nov 15, 2021

The implications of the enhancement of jurisdiction of BSF

Would enhancing the police powers of BSF improve border security or would it avert BSF’s attention from its core responsibilities?

The India-Bhutan story: India understands the urgency and needs of its neighbour
Mar 28, 2024

The India-Bhutan story: India understands the urgency and needs of its neighbour

The two nations have had a history of cooperation, support, and mutual growth.

The Jihadi Factor in India-Pakistan Peace Process
May 01, 2006

The Jihadi Factor in India-Pakistan Peace Process

The India-Pakistan peace process, punctuated with -uctuating waves of optimism and anxiety, has completed three years, and it is appropriate, and timely, to review whether the primary On April 22, 2003 the Indian Prime Minister, Mr Atal Bihari Vajpayee, told the Indian Parliament that India was unilaterally opening “the doors for talks” with Pakistan. The offer was based on two simple premises: one, that Pakistan would stop cross-border in

The mind and the state of Russia’s President
Feb 01, 2022

The mind and the state of Russia’s President

In a sense, Putin is seeking to rewrite history, with an attempt to push NATO back and restore Russian stature

The Modi-Xi Summit: Addressing Core Issues
May 15, 2015

The Modi-Xi Summit: Addressing Core Issues

The Chinese understanding about the border has changed many times and while a swap agreement would be a feasible solution to the issue, the Chinese have asked for more concessions on the East, says Dr. Manoj Joshi

The Nathu La Pass in India-China Ties
Jun 01, 2015

The Nathu La Pass in India-China Ties

The growing interdependency of India and China through border trade may lead to de-securitization and demilitarization in the border areas with significant implications in these areas.

The Role of India’s Northeast in the Regional Cooperation Architecture
Jun 30, 2021

The Role of India’s Northeast in the Regional Cooperation Architecture

There is no dearth of evidence that shows how cross-border connectivity brings manifold benefits to the countries involved. In the Bay of Bengal and Indo-Pacific, greater engagement amongst the countries in these geostrategically and economically significant regions has become more crucial in the recent years. This report analyses the potential for greater connectivity in the Bay region within a collaborative framework involving India, its easter

The year ends, but the chaos may just be beginning
Dec 31, 2014

The year ends, but the chaos may just be beginning

2014 by far has been the most chaotic year in international politics, since the end of the Cold War. The Islamic State terrorists in the Middle East threaten to upturn borders settled for close to a century. Europe is in the throes of an unexpected tussle with Moscow. In the South and East China seas, China's aggressiveness is too clear now to be ignored.

The ‘QuadFather’: The Legacy of Shinzo Abe and the Quad
Aug 16, 2023

The ‘QuadFather’: The Legacy of Shinzo Abe and the Quad

Before the rise of Xi Jinping—before the Beijing Olympics and the South China Sea tensions and the China-India border crisis—the late former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had already sensed that a rising China would pose daunting challenges to its neighbours and the regional order. This brief argues that without Abe, there would likely have been no ‘Quad’ grouping joining Australia, India, Japan, and the United States. His re

There is an absence of a strategic mindset: Ex-NSA
Nov 18, 2015

There is an absence of a strategic mindset: Ex-NSA

India's former National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan thinks that challenges posed by the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor were far greater, as it directly impinged on India's sovereignty and security. He feels that this is a far graver issue than the India-China border dispute.

There is an answer to Modi’s enigma on Galwan
Jun 24, 2020

There is an answer to Modi’s enigma on Galwan

Modi’s efforts appear prescient, but the answers to the questions he posed remain equally elusive. How do you maintain stability on a border that h

Things are looking up for Indo-China ties
Apr 16, 2013

Things are looking up for Indo-China ties

India need not bite the bait, it can use the space created for pushing its own agenda with China which includes resolving our border dispute, getting the Pakistani monkey off our backs and getting better terms of trade from the Chinese. China is unlikely to yield anything easily, but if the emerging Indo-Pacific geopolitics provides an opportunity, New Delhi would be foolish to look the other way.

Three’s a crowd: United States and the Afghanistan-Pakistan relationship
Nov 07, 2022

Three’s a crowd: United States and the Afghanistan-Pakistan relationship

Afghanistan, for a long time, was a ‘point of convergence’ for the US and Pakistan, but in the changed reality post the US withdrawal from Afghani

Time to Boost India-Bangladesh Trade and Economic Relations
Jul 28, 2023

Time to Boost India-Bangladesh Trade and Economic Relations

Among India's neighbours, Bangladesh occupies a special position not only because of India's role in its liberation but because geographically, too, it surrounds Bangladesh from three sides. The beginning of close economic relations between the two countries can be traced back to 1971. After its independence, Bangladesh's requirements of consumer goods, especially food, came from India. Over the years, the country has sought easier access to Indi

To be not talking to Pakistan is dumb
Oct 31, 2015

To be not talking to Pakistan is dumb

The Modi government appears to have abandoned the multi-pronged policy of its predecessor of simultaneously engaging Islamabad and dealing with cross-border terrorism. This government made a surprise beginning with the idea of promoting South Asian unity . But since then it has been fixated on countering terrorism at the cost of everything else, though Pakistani covert activity in India has seen a sharp decline since 2008.

Too little, too late: The mainstreaming of Pakistan’s tribal regions
Jun 28, 2018

Too little, too late: The mainstreaming of Pakistan’s tribal regions

Situated in the northwest part of Pakistan, along the Afghanistan border, the Federally Administrated Tribal Areas or FATA is one of the most dangerous places in the world and has been the home-base for jihad and terrorism in South Asia. Governed by colonial era laws, and damaged by militancy and military operations, FATA residents remain second-class citizens, treated differently from the rest of Pakistan. This paper looks at the government’s

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC
Aug 06, 2020

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC

The Bay of Bengal region links South Asia and Southeast Asia, with the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) serving as a platform of trans-border cooperation. The BIMSTEC’s prime assets are the historical and cultural links between the nations, and their spirit of community. However, the lack of both a robust decision-making mechanism and a set of common rules have slowed down the growth of th

Tracking India’s Infrastructure Development Near the Line of Actual Control
Oct 17, 2023

Tracking India’s Infrastructure Development Near the Line of Actual Control

The pace of Indian infrastructure building along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) bordering China has historically been slow due to financial and doctrinal constraints, but has accelerated in the past 20 years. Construction has become more efficient owing to bureaucratic changes and the infusion of greater financial resources. This paper attributes these changes to strategic compulsions brought about by Chinese actions—both diplomatic and on-th

TTP-Pakistan peace talks: The pitfalls and their implications
Aug 18, 2022

TTP-Pakistan peace talks: The pitfalls and their implications

The fulfilment of TTP’s demand would indirectly help the Afghan Taliban achieve its expansionist position on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border.

Turbulence in the Himalayas
Jun 20, 2020

Turbulence in the Himalayas

Rising nationalism and fortifications along the disputed China-India border make deadly clashes inevitable, and both sides should strive for border agreement

Ukraine: Heading towards civil war?
Jan 30, 2014

Ukraine: Heading towards civil war?

There have been fears expressed that if the situation in Ukraine worsens, it could spread across the border to Russia. While that appears highly unlikely at present, an escalation of the confrontation raises the spectre of a civil war in Ukraine.

Understanding China’s response to ethnic conflicts in Myanmar
Apr 10, 2019

Understanding China’s response to ethnic conflicts in Myanmar

In recent years, China has been playing a proactive and assertive role in neighbouring Myanmar’s internal conflicts, most of them driven by tensions between the Myanmar military and ethnic armed groups. Current scholarly studies examine the factors responsible for China’s increased role, identifying, amongst them, Beijing’s concerns on border stability and nationalist pressure from within. These analyses, however, neglect to delve into the

Understanding India’s silence on the political crisis in Pakistan
Jun 16, 2023

Understanding India’s silence on the political crisis in Pakistan

Despite being the immediate neighbour, India has chosen to follow a no-reaction policy towards the ongoing turmoil in Pakistan