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Privacy and security risks of digital payments
May 09, 2017

Privacy and security risks of digital payments

Digital financial services have benefits but pose privacy risks that harm consumers, merchants, markets, and nations alike. Some payments systems in India suffer from vulnerabilities because they were not prospectively designed on the basis of the ‘privacy by design’ principle. At the back-end, the centralised storage of data is risky. At the front-end, faulty capture devices enable data misuse. Across the middle mile, data is transmitted wit

Productivity growth in Indian manufacturing: Policy implications from an econometric analysis
Jan 08, 2018

Productivity growth in Indian manufacturing: Policy implications from an econometric analysis

This paper evaluates the impact of various policy reforms, including the economic reforms of the 1990s, on India’s manufacturing sector. Covering the priority sectors relevant to the government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative, the paper analyses the productivity of registered manufacturing units from 1974-75 to 2012-13. It offers empirical evidence on the growth of productivity in the organised manufacturing sector through an inter-tem

Productivity vs. well-being: The promise of tech mediated work and its implications on society
Oct 25, 2019

Productivity vs. well-being: The promise of tech mediated work and its implications on society

It is crucial to better understand the aspirations of people and find opportunities for work that create a space for individuals to find meaning as

Promoting Child Safety Online in the Time of COVID-19: The Indian and Australian Responses
Aug 14, 2023

Promoting Child Safety Online in the Time of COVID-19: The Indian and Australian Responses

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020, there has been a surge in cases of online child sexual abuse and exploitation (OCSAE) in many parts of the world. This brief discusses the cases of India and Australia. It examines their efforts to combat the increased incidence of OCSAE resulting from greater use of the internet as movement was restricted in response to the pandemic. The brief focuses on India and Australia as bo

Promoting Efficiency in Power Generation in India: The Role of Imported-Coal-Based Plants
Aug 16, 2023

Promoting Efficiency in Power Generation in India: The Role of Imported-Coal-Based Plants

India is experiencing a surge in power demand owing to an expanding economy. Even as the country has embraced the idea of transitioning to clean renewable energy, its current demand for electricity can only be met by addressing the concerns surrounding coal-fired power plants. The goal of going green might be a medium- to long-term strategy that should be diligently pursued to avoid future crises. In the short term, however, focus should

Protecting Cancer Care through the Covid-19 Crisis and its Aftermath
May 24, 2023

Protecting Cancer Care through the Covid-19 Crisis and its Aftermath

The COVID-19 pandemic is taking an enormous toll on health systems across the world. A growing concern is that efforts to manage the pandemic are undermining care for serious non-Covid illnesses such as cancer. In the UK and US, for example, it is estimated that delays in cancer diagnosis and treatment due to COVID-19 will lead to excess cancer deaths in the range of tens of thousands within a year. In India, where health systems are weak, it is

Public spending: Cut the fat, finance growth enablers
Nov 02, 2022

Public spending: Cut the fat, finance growth enablers

Focusing on outputs and outcomes can push India towards better health indicators

Pushing India’s Small-Scale Industries to the Economic Forefront
Aug 12, 2015

Pushing India’s Small-Scale Industries to the Economic Forefront

India's small-scale industries contribute 15 percent to GDP yet they have been long ignored, receiving little policy support and inadequate infrastructure. As they have the potential to transform the socioeconomic architecture of the country, policy interventions are necessary to make small enterprises more efficient and achieve higher growth rates. This paper describes initiatives to propel India's small-scale industries.

Putin gives lessons in world politics
Mar 18, 2014

Putin gives lessons in world politics

The US would be foolish to deepen the new Cold War atmosphere by trying to isolate Russia over Ukraine developments. As for China, that option is simply not open to them any more. The reason is that the Americans need cooperation from Moscow to deal with Syria, Iran and Afghanistan.

Pyongyang’s military parade: Posing an imminent threat to Seoul
Feb 16, 2023

Pyongyang’s military parade: Posing an imminent threat to Seoul

The mounting threat posed by North Korea might push South Korea to seek enhanced military assurance from the US or expand its own nuclear capabilities

Quantitative Easing variants in Emerging Markets: Magic or madness?
Jan 23, 2021

Quantitative Easing variants in Emerging Markets: Magic or madness?

Often likened to financing fiscal deficits overnight, Quantitative Easing is meant to prevent unwarranted tightening during times of stress.

Quantum Computing: Current Scenario and Future Prospects
May 27, 2024

Quantum Computing: Current Scenario and Future Prospects

Quantum computing (QC) forms one of the cornerstones of emerging technologies as we know them today. The technology has seen rapid progress over the years, but practical hurdles remain. The recent boom in Artificial Intelligence and the corresponding boost it has provided to classical algorithms also presents an additional hurdle for quantum algorithms. Countries like the United States, China, and Canada have made significant strides in QC and ha

Question marks on US training to troops in the region
Jul 11, 2014

Question marks on US training to troops in the region

The speed with which the ISIS initially overran an Iraqi army trained and equipped by the Americans causes some concern about the fate of similar armies trained and equipped by the Americans in the region. For instance, the Afghanistan army and its implications for India.

Radical resurgence in Pakistan: A case study of Jamaat-ud Dawa
May 09, 2008

Radical resurgence in Pakistan: A case study of Jamaat-ud Dawa

Pakistan has not given up the use of terrorist groups like Jamaat-ud Dawa (JuD) to achieve its foreign policy objectives in India and Afghanistan, a policy which threatens to make Asia, and the world, more unsafe in the years to come. JuD, parent body of Lashkar-e-Tayyeba (LeT), is a highly organised, trans-national terrorist group based in Pakistan which has links not only with Pakistan Army and its intelligence agency,

Rags to riches: How the Houthis built capacity using the war in Gaza
Jun 27, 2024

Rags to riches: How the Houthis built capacity using the war in Gaza

The Gaza war and alignment with Iran's “Axis of Resistance” have significantly benefited the Houthis, transforming them into a well-trained, funde

Rahul Will Wait As President of Ruling Party Or of Opposition?
Nov 11, 2011

Rahul Will Wait As President of Ruling Party Or of Opposition?

A report by a London consultancy firm on the way the cookie might crumble within the Congress Party has caused pundits to carry neatly folded clippings of the document and make appearances at parties with the sort of glint in their eyes which comes from knowledge.

Raisi in Pakistan and the revival of 'pipe' dreams
May 04, 2024

Raisi in Pakistan and the revival of 'pipe' dreams

Almost two months after ties between the two neighbours plummeted to a new low, the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ebrahim Raisi, was in P

Rajapaksa camp’s increasing India-bashing
Aug 12, 2016

Rajapaksa camp’s increasing India-bashing

India-baiting has become a part and parcel of the Rajapaksa camp-led Joint Opposition’s political attacks and protests against the ruling Maithiri-R

RCEP: The best way forward for Modi's 'Act East' Policy
Jan 06, 2015

RCEP: The best way forward for Modi's 'Act East' Policy

In the light of the fact that India is not a member of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, it is important for the country to forge a deal in RCEP. In the current scenario, there have been increasing attempts by Indo-Pacific region members to voice growing concerns regarding Non Tariff barriers hindering trade prospects in the regional bloc.

Reaching Full Charge: The Need for a Policy Reset for India’s Electric Two-Wheeler Industry
Sep 12, 2023

Reaching Full Charge: The Need for a Policy Reset for India’s Electric Two-Wheeler Industry

The electric two-wheeler segment represents a unique opportunity for India to become a global leader in the green technology space. The growth of this segment in the country is being driven by strong policy support, combined with homegrown engineering and innovation. However, the industry has yet to fully harness the global electric vehicle (EV) opportunity, and policy uncertainties are impeding innovation and investment. This brief makes a case

Reading the Tea Leaves: China’s Perspective on Ties with Pakistan and the CPEC’s Prospects
Sep 06, 2023

Reading the Tea Leaves: China’s Perspective on Ties with Pakistan and the CPEC’s Prospects

This year marks a decade since the announcement of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). This brief analyses Chinese-language literature to understand the country’s current stance on Pakistan and the CPEC. Two trends emerge. First, China appears to be facing a dilemma over Pakistan. While the Chinese government wants the CPEC to be successful, China’s strategic community now shows little optimism on the initiative. Second, contrary to

Reading the U.S. Elections
Nov 10, 2004

Reading the U.S. Elections

The current conventional wisdom now being voiced among American analysts is that the 2004 election is evidence of a conservative revolution in American politics. According to this view, the U.S. is now in the midst of a long-term shift to the right and the creation of an enduring Republican majority, akin to the Democratic majority coalition forged during the 1930s and the New Deal by Franklin Roosevelt.

Real touchstone is action on 26/11 accused
May 21, 2013

Real touchstone is action on 26/11 accused

The democratic transition in Pakistan has coincided with the last year of the UPA government's second term in India. As the government battles one controversy after another, the looming elections in 2014 may act as a distraction wherein improving relations with Pakistan may not be a priority for the government at present.

Reassessing the US Pivot to Asia
Aug 26, 2013

Reassessing the US Pivot to Asia

The US pivot or rebalancing is an attempt of reassurance to its friends and allies in the context of the emerging dynamics in the Asia Pacific region. While China is a major factor in the US pivot strategy, it is only a part of the story.

Recent IAS resignations: An appraisal
Sep 10, 2019

Recent IAS resignations: An appraisal

The depletion of the IAS ranks should not be a worry as the Government seems to be moving in the direction of lateral entry — and a fresh infusion o

Recommendations on Arms Procurement Reforms in India
Sep 25, 2012

Recommendations on Arms Procurement Reforms in India

The Observer Research Foundation's programme on Defence Procurement Reforms, following a seminar organised in May, 2012, has now moved to the second stage of identifying initiatives that can be taken in the executive and legislative branches. This Paper presents practical recommendations to improve capacities and decision-making methodologies in India's arms procurement system.

Record of Indian arms industry remains one of failure
Apr 11, 2013

Record of Indian arms industry remains one of failure

The demand for cash that all political parties have to contest elections has been the fountainhead that has created a bureaucratic, military and defence decision-making structure which ensures that we keep running at the same place when it comes to creating a vibrant military industry complex in the country.

Red Sea blues: Deliberating maritime bottlenecks
Apr 22, 2024

Red Sea blues: Deliberating maritime bottlenecks

The continuous maritime rerouting in the aftermath of the Red Sea crisis is emerging as an issue for major trading nations due to the rising shipping

Redeliberating IWRM at the scale of a river basin
Mar 21, 2024

Redeliberating IWRM at the scale of a river basin

While it is clear that traditional reductionism present in water governance has led to water conflicts, ‘Water for Peace’ can be achieved by recal

Reel v/s real: Examining anti-India sentiments in Bangladesh
May 14, 2024

Reel v/s real: Examining anti-India sentiments in Bangladesh

The credibility of the 'anti-India' sentiments emerging in Bangladesh warrants scrutiny, as reality portrays a different narrative from what is depict

Refusing setbacks to equity and resiliency in post-COVID-19 cities
Jan 30, 2021

Refusing setbacks to equity and resiliency in post-COVID-19 cities

As cities emerge from the COVID-19 pandemic, they cannot afford a setback in the struggle to build more equitable and resilient urban areas. They must

Regulating AI in Public Health: Systems Challenges and Perspectives
Jul 27, 2020

Regulating AI in Public Health: Systems Challenges and Perspectives

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is increasingly proliferating the healthcare landscape and has immense promise for improving health outcomes in a resource-constrained setting like India. With emerging technology still finding its footing in the healthcare industry in the country, there are systemic roadblocks to hurdle before AI can be made transformative up to the last mile of public health. AI also carries immense challenges for India’s mostly t

Regulating fees will not improve quality of Indian HEIs
Dec 11, 2019

Regulating fees will not improve quality of Indian HEIs

India’s demographic dividend will pay off only if the youth are either enrolled in higher education programmes or made job-ready with effective skil

Reimagining Multistakeholderism: Challenges for Internet Governance
Dec 05, 2014

Reimagining Multistakeholderism: Challenges for Internet Governance

Concerns remain in the developing world that about whether the ICANN/IANA transition will create a truly plural process. This issue brief discusses three challenges 'multistakeholderism' must address from the perspective of the developing world: access, equity and sovereignty.

Reimagining work and welfare for the Indian economy
Oct 27, 2020

Reimagining work and welfare for the Indian economy

The debates around work and the welfare architecture in India need to be urgently reframed and translated into practical reform.

Renewables: Can they renew Indian power utilities?
Jun 13, 2024

Renewables: Can they renew Indian power utilities?

Renewable energy played a significant role in India's power sector in 2022-23, but economic and market challenges hinder its full potential

Reopening Nepal-India border
Nov 02, 2021

Reopening Nepal-India border

After nearly 19 months, both the governments decided to lift the border closures. Does this reopening enable a review of the current arrangement of mo

Restoration and finding a consensus on China — Biden on Europe
Nov 10, 2020

Restoration and finding a consensus on China — Biden on Europe

The pursuit of a mere restorationist agenda will hardly address the need to recalibrate the partnership’s raison d’être.

Rethinking urban green financing for accelerating India’s cleantech system
Feb 20, 2023

Rethinking urban green financing for accelerating India’s cleantech system

ULBs can effectively contribute to and accelerate India’s cleantech system only if a proper financial framework is put in place

Retreating Glaciers and Water Flows in the Himalayas: Implications for Governance
May 11, 2023

Retreating Glaciers and Water Flows in the Himalayas: Implications for Governance

The Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is one of the most vibrant, distinct, intricate mountain systems in the world. An estimated 210 million people live within these mountain systems, and some 1.3 billion people who live downstream of the HKH rely on the freshwater obtained directly or indirectly from the rivers and tributaries of the region. Recent data shows that significant areas of glaciers in the HKH region are retreating at an alarming rat

Return of the Holbrooke thought in US’ South Asia policy?
Jul 26, 2019

Return of the Holbrooke thought in US’ South Asia policy?

Trump’s comments on Kashmir during Imran Khan’s visit may reflect the US undoing its India-Pakistan dehyphenation policy.