Search: For - policy

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Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC
Aug 06, 2020

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC

The Bay of Bengal region links South Asia and Southeast Asia, with the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) serving as a platform of trans-border cooperation. The BIMSTEC’s prime assets are the historical and cultural links between the nations, and their spirit of community. However, the lack of both a robust decision-making mechanism and a set of common rules have slowed down the growth of th

Towards a European consensus on China?
Aug 04, 2023

Towards a European consensus on China?

Although Germany’s China strategy and the UK report didn’t meet the desired expectations, they still indicate Europe’s recalibration of its Chin

Towards a holistic digital health ecosystem in India
May 24, 2023

Towards a holistic digital health ecosystem in India

In an effort to facilitate the digitisation of the country’s healthcare systems, India released a National Digital Health Blueprint in January 2020, which provides a detailed framework for a “Federated National Health Information System.” This brief makes a case for expanding the scope of the blueprint to include digital therapeutics, digital diagnostics, and telemedicine. It proposes a “National Digital Health Blueprint 2.0,” with dive

Towards a sustainable smart city: The case of Aizawl
Aug 17, 2018

Towards a sustainable smart city: The case of Aizawl

India’s hill cities are unique poles of development. While they have managed to record some degree of economic growth, increasing urban population and unfavourable topography have also made such growth haphazard and unsustainable. In turn, this has threatened the quality of the built environment and of urban life in these cities. This report studies the case of the hill city of Aizawl, the administrative capital of Mizoram, which is part of the

Towards a Systems Approach to the Management of Grasslands in India
Dec 07, 2022

Towards a Systems Approach to the Management of Grasslands in India

Grasslands that provide a variety of ecosystem services for humans—including carbon storage, which is important to mitigating climate change—are among the world’s most threatened habitats. In India, grassy ecosystems are not accorded any legal protection. Vast acres of these grasslands are converted for revenue-generating use, altering their ecological dynamics and threatening the livelihoods and cultures of pastoral and agrarian communitie

Towards a unique digital South Asian identity
May 10, 2017

Towards a unique digital South Asian identity

Executed properly, Aadhaar could become a central pillar of India’s ‘neighbourhood first’ policy.

Towards an India–US consensus on counterterrorism cooperation
Apr 08, 2020

Towards an India–US consensus on counterterrorism cooperation

This paper examines the environmental and policy-level challenges to the actualisation of US-India counterterrorism cooperation. Indeed, despite their seeming convergence on the imperative of effective counterterrorism, there has been limited cooperation between the two countries. While the US’ sense of “American exceptionalism” and its hegemon status purports a utilitarian notion of the adversary, India’s regional power status makes its

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways
Jan 21, 2021

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways

In 2019, the Indian Railways (IR) recorded zero fatalities from accidents caused by operational errors. However, many people continue to meet with train-related mishaps that are beyond the IR’s control; many of these accidents result in death. The IR’s experience in preventing deaths in accidents caused by operational errors (technically called “consequential accidents”) offers lessons on minimising all railways-related fatalities. This p

Tracking India’s Progress in Clean Water and Sanitation: A Sub-National Analysis
Jun 01, 2020

Tracking India’s Progress in Clean Water and Sanitation: A Sub-National Analysis

This paper creates an index to track the achievement of UN Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation) across India’s states. The SDG 6 index incorporates both supply-side indicators and demand management variables, as well as institutional interventions. In this paper, state-wise indices are constructed to identify their respective performances in the domains of access to clean water and provision of sanitation facilitie

Transatlantic Security Divide in Munich
Mar 02, 2004

Transatlantic Security Divide in Munich

Three main issues were discussed in the 40th Munich Conference on Security Policy held on 6-8 February 2004: prospects of transatlantic relations, future of NATO, and future developments in the Middle East. As usual, several Defence and Foreign Ministers, representatives of think tanks, academia, media and the defence industry attended the conference.

Transferable Development Rights and Mumbai
Mar 04, 2021

Transferable Development Rights and Mumbai

The most important reform that needs to be introduced is to permit the use of Transferable Development Rights (TDR) across the entire State and not ju

Transforming manufacturing dynamics: A look into India's PLI scheme
Apr 22, 2024

Transforming manufacturing dynamics: A look into India's PLI scheme

The successful implementation of the PLI scheme will be crucial in realising India's vision of becoming a leading manufacturing hub on the world stage

Trump win could be a game-changer for Asia
Oct 12, 2016

Trump win could be a game-changer for Asia

Obama has had to modify his China policy in response to a more aggressive China. But present challengers are set for big changes in America's Asia policy

Trump's Taiwan rethink and India
Dec 14, 2016

Trump's Taiwan rethink and India

Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen’s phone call to President-Elect Donald Trump last week triggered uproar in foreign policy circles of China, US & beyon

Trumping China’s leadership in the fourth industrial revolution: A “New Era” in Sino-American relations
Nov 14, 2018

Trumping China’s leadership in the fourth industrial revolution: A “New Era” in Sino-American relations

The generational shift in American policy will have three critical consequences for the Middle Kingdom and its ambitions for leadership in the fourth

Trump’s Afghanistan strategy and emerging alignments in the region: Implications for India
Nov 15, 2017

Trump’s Afghanistan strategy and emerging alignments in the region: Implications for India

US President Donald Trump’s new Afghanistan strategy for America’s longest war has potential to drastically alter existing regional relations. The policy, announced after an exhaustive eight-month-long review process, attempts to give a new direction for future US involvement in Afghanistan. Becoming president at a time when old alignments are undergoing transition, Trump’s task has not been easy. Given the constraints, however, Trump’s A

Tuning American diplomacy: Melody beyond borders
Oct 07, 2023

Tuning American diplomacy: Melody beyond borders

The US aims to promote music diplomacy to promote global peace and democracy, as part of its larger foreign policy goals

Türkiye at a crossroads: Voting for status quo or change
Apr 13, 2023

Türkiye at a crossroads: Voting for status quo or change

The upcoming Turkish elections could reconfigure Türkiye’s domestic policy and shape the long-term foreign policy course of this critical middle po

Turmoil in Maldives and India's timid response
Mar 07, 2015

Turmoil in Maldives and India's timid response

After demonstrating a sharp sense of deeper engagement with the neighbours, from the day of the swearing in, it was widely expected that Modi would exercise a more muscular foreign policy. Surprisingly, our official response to events in Male has been timid and even that has been rebuffed by the Foreign Minister of Maldives.

Turning the Pak nuclear debate to Delhi's advantage
Oct 20, 2015

Turning the Pak nuclear debate to Delhi's advantage

The centre of gravity of India's foreign policy seems to rest in Pakistan. India has not been able to overcome this psychological vulnerability, despite the growing strategic separation between India and Pakistan. It gets a lot worse when it comes to Pakistan's relations with America.

Two perspectives: The Canadian and Mexican response to the Ukrainian Crisis.
Apr 04, 2022

Two perspectives: The Canadian and Mexican response to the Ukrainian Crisis.

Whilst Canada has adopted a similar stance to that of the US on Russia's aggression against Ukraine, Mexico's neutral stance on it points to the coun

Uable: Creativity-focused skill development in the 6-14 age group for next-gen leadership
Nov 12, 2020

Uable: Creativity-focused skill development in the 6-14 age group for next-gen leadership

An approach to building a child’s creative intelligence and skill development through real life roles, and building a strong sense of self and commu

UAE Might Just Give COP28 the Breakthrough It Needs
Jan 16, 2023

UAE Might Just Give COP28 the Breakthrough It Needs

The criticism of Sultan al Jaber's appointment as COP28 president might be well-meaning but the rush to judgement reflects an incomplete understanding of both the host country and the individual.

Underground parking in Indian cities
Jan 29, 2024

Underground parking in Indian cities

Since cities have little control over automobile policy, they must accommodate more automobiles within their geographical limits by employing better p

Understanding and Tackling Urban Floods in India
Dec 30, 2023

Understanding and Tackling Urban Floods in India

Given their frequent recurrence in Indian cities, the problem of urban flooding is gaining focus in policy discussions. Indeed, urban floods can cause massive loss of infrastructure, property, and lives, and have a substantial economic impact. To ensure they remain functional and secure, Indian cities must tackle the issue of floods by examining the urban over-densification problem and adopting innovative mitigation measures with the technical an

Understanding India’s silence on the political crisis in Pakistan
Jun 16, 2023

Understanding India’s silence on the political crisis in Pakistan

Despite being the immediate neighbour, India has chosen to follow a no-reaction policy towards the ongoing turmoil in Pakistan

Understanding ISIS: From conception to operations
Aug 24, 2017

Understanding ISIS: From conception to operations

This paper bridges the gap in Indian public discourse on the aims of ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State) and where it stands today as the most formidable terrorist organisation of the 21st century. It explores ISIS from the perspective of the Middle East, rather than coming from an Indian foreign policy and security point of view, of which there is no dearth in literature. Such an approach is crucial in understanding the terr

Understanding Sino-Indian border issues: An analysis of incidents reported in the Indian media
Feb 12, 2018

Understanding Sino-Indian border issues: An analysis of incidents reported in the Indian media

Reports of incursions by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army along the Line-of-Actual Control (LAC) are rife in the Indian media. A commonly held opinion is that the Indian media tend to sensationalise their reportage of these incursions, or “China’s transgressions”, as the Indian government calls them. This paper analyses these incidents, as reported in select Indian newspapers, over a period of 12 years. It outlines the nature of these

Understanding the fall in Opium production in Afghanistan
Jul 05, 2023

Understanding the fall in Opium production in Afghanistan

The far-reaching implications of the policy changes brought by the Taliban and their unprecedented impact on the region warrant global attention

Understanding the Gender Dimensions of Energy Poverty
Jun 08, 2021

Understanding the Gender Dimensions of Energy Poverty

Among the estimated 1.3 billion people across the world who have no access to electricity, 70 percent are women. This brief discusses the impact of energy poverty on India’s rural women. As women are primarily responsible for securing food and energy for their family, they are the ones who are worst affected by the lack of access to clean and modern energy. The brief calls for a more holistic approach in research and policymaking on energ

Understanding the resolutions on Kashmir in the US Congress
Dec 18, 2019

Understanding the resolutions on Kashmir in the US Congress

The two House Resolutions on Kashmir reflect moderate to extreme conceptions on the role of values in US foreign policy, but both emphasise the centra

United States and the world
Jan 25, 2005

United States and the world

Continuity rather than change may well be the mark of the second Bush administration's foreign policy.It was billed as `the liberty speech.' George W. Bush, beginning his second term as President, said: ""It is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world.""

Unjust economic system, mal-governance behind Dhaka Rana Plaza disaster
Mar 18, 2014

Unjust economic system, mal-governance behind Dhaka Rana Plaza disaster

The Rana Plaza disaster in Bangladesh, which had killed 1133 workers and injured more than 1800, was symbolic of a much deeper crisis, not limited to Bangladesh, according to Prof. Rehman Sobhan, chairman of the Centre of Policy Dialogue, Dhaka.

Unleashing the power of sports diplomacy: A gamechanger
May 24, 2024

Unleashing the power of sports diplomacy: A gamechanger

Sports diplomacy has significantly influenced international relations, but to maximize its potential, concrete policies and diplomatic actions are ess

Unlocking capital for climate response in the emerging world
Apr 23, 2021

Unlocking capital for climate response in the emerging world

The policy decision to decarbonise capital flows are important in driving the necessary shift towards a more sustainable and resilient global order, b

Unlocking Sustainable Finance to Promote Green Transition: India’s Priorities for its G20 Presidency in 2023
Aug 04, 2022

Unlocking Sustainable Finance to Promote Green Transition: India’s Priorities for its G20 Presidency in 2023

Sustainable finance emerged as a key issue to tackle climate change at the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference and is spurring a global transition to net zero. A peculiar feature of the race to net zero is that it cannot be achieved unless all countries can meet their targets, and any positive step towards it will benefit all countries. The drive to achieve carbon neutrality and net-zero emissions needs to be targeted through a range of

Unpacking the EU’s migration deal
Jul 04, 2023

Unpacking the EU’s migration deal

After seven years of negotiations, the new pact has taken a decisive step towards a modernisation of the EU’s rulebook for asylum and migration

Uptick in India’s headline inflation: A transitory phase
Jul 18, 2021

Uptick in India’s headline inflation: A transitory phase

While economic growth remains the main focus, elevated inflation may ask for some attention.

Urban densities and the Covid-19 pandemic: Upending the sustainability myth of global megacities
May 04, 2020

Urban densities and the Covid-19 pandemic: Upending the sustainability myth of global megacities

High-density urban agglomerations may be sustainable in terms of the economies of scale their populations provide. Yet, as proven by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, these same urban spaces are nearly defenceless in times of unprecedented disease outbreaks. A pandemic poses many risks to the millions who live in dense megacities, whether in wealthy countries or developing ones. The sheer density of the population of these cities provides an ideal e

Urban development in Delhi & Rajasthan: Some progress, large disparities
Nov 30, 2013

Urban development in Delhi & Rajasthan: Some progress, large disparities

As Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Mizoram go through the process of Assembly elections, ORF Urban Policy research team looks at development patterns in these States. Here is a preview of "Book of Charts", covering Delhi and Rajasthan, on the status and developments in such important areas as employment, education and infrastructure, etc.

Urban Rental Housing in India: Towards ‘Housing For All’
Dec 08, 2020

Urban Rental Housing in India: Towards ‘Housing For All’

Indian cities have long struggled with the challenge of inadequate housing amidst rapid urbanisation and worsening urban poverty. Government policies have failed to fill the gap, focused as they are on ownership housing alone and neglecting rental housing. The 2015 draft National Urban Rental Housing Policy and 2019 draft Model Tenancy Act aim to rectify this situation. For these policies to be successful, however—and for India to realise its g

Urbanisation in China: Challenges and the Way Ahead
Aug 23, 2023

Urbanisation in China: Challenges and the Way Ahead

Urbanisation in China is taking place at an unprecedented level and is set to continue over the next decade. This is likely to present many challenges not just for policy makers but for the economy and society as well. This Paper tries and understands the ongoing process of urbanization, the impacts produced and the way that lies ahead.

Uri as inflection point
Oct 03, 2016

Uri as inflection point

India's oscillating foreign policy from 'Jhappi' to 'Katti' under the pump in the aftermath of Uri