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Middle East energy challenges and India
Jul 23, 2020

Middle East energy challenges and India

India can be much bolder in its engagement with the Middle East, and particularly the Gulf.

Migration, river management, radicalisation: What does the future hold for India-Bangladesh relations?
May 12, 2020

Migration, river management, radicalisation: What does the future hold for India-Bangladesh relations?

India and Bangladesh’s relationship has been growing steadily over the past few years, especially since Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina came to power in January 2009. In 2019, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi described the relationship as being in its “golden era (Sonali Adhyay).” Indeed, Bangladesh is at the centre of India’s flagship ‘Neighbourhood First’ and ‘Act East’ policies, and has been crucial in ensuring peace

Modelling Decarbonisation Pathways for the Indian Economy
Nov 09, 2021

Modelling Decarbonisation Pathways for the Indian Economy

This brief explores four scenarios of climate action for India using a systems dynamics model called the Energy Policy Simulator for India. It investigates policy trade-offs and co-benefits and estimates the costs of climate action. It finds that deep decarbonisation in the Indian economy is possible while also boosting jobs and GDP and avoiding millions of premature deaths due to harmful air pollution. The low-carbon transition will require mass

Modi 2.0 two-nation southern visit, full of messages and meanings
Jun 10, 2019

Modi 2.0 two-nation southern visit, full of messages and meanings

Modi in his first overseas visit in the new term, extended an early hand to the two Indian Ocean neighbours to ensure collective security.

Modi and Buddhism: Between Cultural and Faith-Based Diplomacy
Nov 30, 2015

Modi and Buddhism: Between Cultural and Faith-Based Diplomacy

India has always been shy of adding a religious tint to its foreign policy. In the last decade, however, the aspiring global power began engaging in what has come to be called 'Buddhist diplomacy' in its outreach to countries in the South, East and Southeast Asia. 􀀫e prime minister is diligently pursuing India's 'Buddhist agenda' and taking it beyond its borders, emphasising the Indian and Hindu links with Buddhism. Concurrently, another Asian

Modi and CHOGM 2018: Reimagining the Commonwealth
Aug 20, 2023

Modi and CHOGM 2018: Reimagining the Commonwealth

In an apparent turnaround for Indian foreign policy, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s decision to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in London in April underscores a change of approach towards a forum generally considered as a non-entity in Indian strategic circles. As a rising power, India is looking at engaging in avenues where its status is recognised, especially during this period of unprecedented global structural ch

Modi and CHOGM 2018: Reimagining the Commonwealth HARSH V. PANTAKSHAY RANADE
Aug 20, 2023

Modi and CHOGM 2018: Reimagining the Commonwealth HARSH V. PANTAKSHAY RANADE

Ties between India and Japan are historical and enduring. In the Asia-Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC), the leaders of the two countries have married their respective countries’ “Act East” Policy and “Free and Open Indo Pacific” aspirations. The AAGC is envisioned to provide a renewed opportunity for partnership where both regions can complement each other’s development and growth.  The AAGC will bring out the economic gains for Afr

Modi government chooses rhetoric over substance in Kashmir
Feb 09, 2018

Modi government chooses rhetoric over substance in Kashmir

Ideology and political gain seem to play a role in the Modi government’s Pakistan policy. If it was ideology, India ought to have declared Pakistan a state sponsor of terrorism instead of going around the world asking others to do so.

Modi government needs a fresh strategy for Jammu and Kashmir
Jun 18, 2018

Modi government needs a fresh strategy for Jammu and Kashmir

A plan is needed to deal with the changing nature of the militancy.

Modi Government, one year After: A new manual for diplomats
May 21, 2015

Modi Government, one year After: A new manual for diplomats

As Prime Minister Narendra Modi completes the first year in office, his greatest momentum has been in foreign policy. But the external opportunities he has successfully created for India could be undermined by potential domestic failures.

Modi in Maldives: Sets the ball rolling for restoring old ties
Nov 26, 2018

Modi in Maldives: Sets the ball rolling for restoring old ties

In his inauguration speech, President Solih referred only to India by name, and also reiterated that the Maldives was returning to the ‘India first�

Modi in Mauritius: Renewing a Special Relationship
Mar 10, 2015

Modi in Mauritius: Renewing a Special Relationship

On the eve of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit, M. Ganapathi, former High Commissioner of India to Mauritius, analyses India-Mauritius ties and suggests areas of cooperation to further strengthen the relationship.

Modi makes a mark on the global stage
Dec 01, 2014

Modi makes a mark on the global stage

Six months in office, Narendra Modi has set a scorching pace, but mainly in the area of foreign policy. He has undertaken eight foreign trips, of which six were to the Asia-Pacific region. And, there can be little doubt that the subtext of his visits to nine countries has been China.

Modi must re-establish the power of the Executive at the Centre
Jun 05, 2014

Modi must re-establish the power of the Executive at the Centre

The new Prime Minister will also have to wrestle policy decisions out of the hands of the media panels at primetime. Less than 10% per cent of homes with TV sets watch news and less than ten per cent of those homes watch English news.Yet, anchors and media personalities claim to speak for the nation.

Modi's Buddhism
Dec 03, 2014

Modi's Buddhism

As Prime Minister Narendra Modi winds down an intensive phase of foreign policy activism, one surprising feature of his diplomacy has been the frequent evocation of Buddhism. The PM has put Buddhism at the heart of India's vigorous new diplomacy.

Modi's diplomatic master stroke
May 28, 2014

Modi's diplomatic master stroke

India has signalled that it will embed its regional policy within the framework of SAARC. This should reduce the disquiet among our neighbours arising from the sheer size of India and its economy. This has a history since India's Pakistan policy of today is rooted in Vajpayee's visit to Islamabad to attend the 12th SAARC summit.

Modi's Geopolitics
Jul 07, 2015

Modi's Geopolitics

Delhi's foreign policy discourse continues to be dominated by the metaphor of "non-alignment" and the mindset of a weak state. Are there other ways of thinking about India's grand strategy? Delhi could turn to classical geopolitics in understanding the global power shift.

Modi's US visit — A reassuring journey
Jul 01, 2017

Modi's US visit — A reassuring journey

Prime Minister Modi and the Indian foreign policy establishment can feel upbeat with the results of the visit.

Modi's world
Apr 09, 2014

Modi's world

If elected to power, Narendra Modi's success on the diplomatic front will depend on an emulation of the last BJP prime minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who successfully carved out foreign policy autonomy from his party's antediluvian world view.

Moment of reckoning for India’s electric two-wheeler industry
Oct 28, 2023

Moment of reckoning for India’s electric two-wheeler industry

India can grasp world leadership in EVs, and the opportunity is at hand. It's the right time for policymakers and the industry to embark on this path

Money Flushed Down the Irrigation Canal
May 22, 2015

Money Flushed Down the Irrigation Canal

The government's focus on big ticket investment in irrigation projects without caring for its impact on production capacity defeats the very purpose of investing in agriculture projects. There is a need for monumental policy shift to fight the agrarian crisis

Money matters: Discussing the economics of the INSTC
Apr 24, 2017

Money matters: Discussing the economics of the INSTC

India, Iran and Russia have decided to begin using the part-ready International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), a multimodal network of sea, rail and road routes between India, Iran, Central Asia and Russia. As the broader politics in the region undergo new configurations that may put to question the project’s prospects, and the evolving security situation demands continuous appraisal, it is time to refocus discussion on the economics o

Monitoring India’s Development Partnerships: Recommendations for a Framework of Indicators
Aug 17, 2023

Monitoring India’s Development Partnerships: Recommendations for a Framework of Indicators

Development partnerships between countries are crucial in addressing policy challenges in the developing world. Cooperation between countries in the Global South, in particular—such as those that India engages in, under its Development Partnership Administration (DPA)—is heightening conversations around the demands of sustainability. Yet, India continues to lack an appropriate framework by which to assess its development partnerships

More modestly, with Kabul
Apr 27, 2015

More modestly, with Kabul

The visit of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in New Delhi this week offers an opportunity to PM Modi to recalibrate India's Afghan policy towards greater realism and more modest goals. Modi must reassure Ghani that Delhi is in a "standby" mode, ready to extend, whatever support Kabul wants and feels comfortable with.

More than 80 percent of terrorist activities are state-sponsored
Dec 27, 2014

More than 80 percent of terrorist activities are state-sponsored

The biggest challenge in dealing with terrorism is the 'double-standard' approach that many nations, including the US, at the policy-level internationally, according to Dr K V S Gopalakrishnan, former Special Director of the Intelligence Bureau (IB).

Moscow must come to terms with India’s security imperatives
Dec 14, 2020

Moscow must come to terms with India’s security imperatives

As India reconfigures its China policy with the Indo-Pacific at its core, India-Russia ties won’t be able to escape this strategic reality

Much ado about a phone call?
Dec 12, 2016

Much ado about a phone call?

It appears that the phone call was planned well in advance and was facilitated by Bob Dole, a former Republican Senator whose law firm has professiona

Multi-sectoral approach for minimising air pollution
Jan 18, 2022

Multi-sectoral approach for minimising air pollution

The fourth Master Plan for Delhi aims to address the increasing air pollution in the city. Would such an action plan be enough to improve Delhi’s ai

Multilateralism: Ground zero of American retreat  
Nov 02, 2020

Multilateralism: Ground zero of American retreat  

Trump paved the way for a bold, unapologetic approach to US foreign policy and trade—termed as ‘America First’. This launched a US retreat from

Multistakeholder conversations on #encryption — Where India is at
Mar 21, 2017

Multistakeholder conversations on #encryption — Where India is at

The government has acknowledged the importance of protecting the integrity of data and the requirement of strong encryption standards.

Municipal finance reforms in South Africa and its applicability for India
May 27, 2019

Municipal finance reforms in South Africa and its applicability for India

It is time that India lays emphasis on changing its approach to urban governance and makes pragmatic changes in its policy books to make its cities fi

Myanmar and the Geopolitics of the Bay of Bengal
Aug 23, 2023

Myanmar and the Geopolitics of the Bay of Bengal

The opening up of Myanmar has added a new strategic value to the Bay of Bengal. Isolated for decades, Myanmar is actively engaging the world's major players in redefining its geopolitical identity today. This has further encouraged naval exchanges, exploration of energy resources and development of connectivity infrastructure in a vital littoral of the Bay. Within this evolving context, this paper attempts to examine the implications of these cha

Myths Surrounding Special Economic Zones
Jun 04, 2005

Myths Surrounding Special Economic Zones

Recently, the Special Economic Zones Bill 2005 has been passed by both Houses of Parliament and is awaiting the approval of the President. The purpose of having a separate Bill on Special Economic Zones (SEZs) is to clarify all policy initiatives relating to such special zones so that many more foreign and domestic investors can establish their units in these areas. There are 11 functioning SEZs in the country already and they are producing 5 per

Narendra Modi and India’s new climate change norms
Jul 18, 2019

Narendra Modi and India’s new climate change norms

At the start of the republic, India found a normative voice on the global stage through its moral stand against colonialism. Now a rising India needs

National Approach to Naxal Issue Needed
Sep 14, 2005

National Approach to Naxal Issue Needed

The reluctance of, and inordinate delay by, the Union Government, to evolve a national approach and policy to tackle Naxalites of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) is, indeed, baffling. Meanwhile, the Maoists¿ daring attacks, lethality, presence and influence have rapidly been rising; also, there is marked shift in their method of attack.

National budget 2024-25 from the urban perspective
Feb 06, 2024

National budget 2024-25 from the urban perspective

Under the Interim Budget, the Financial Minister has outlined a few schemes for urban development, but a more comprehensive budget would be required f

National security is defining Globalisation 2.0
Jun 06, 2023

National security is defining Globalisation 2.0

The Biden administration has been uncommonly vigorous in shaping American policy to maintain American hegemony or Globalisation 2.0

Navigating comprehensive sexuality education in India: Cultural sensitivities and implementation challenges
Jun 12, 2024

Navigating comprehensive sexuality education in India: Cultural sensitivities and implementation challenges

To sustain Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) in India, an inclusive approach prioritising community involvement, strong policy support, and tech

Navigating Considerations of Global Governance, National Strategies, and Ethics in Biowarfare
Aug 07, 2023

Navigating Considerations of Global Governance, National Strategies, and Ethics in Biowarfare

Biological weapons can come from naturally occurring microbes and viruses; but innovations in genomic editing are opening up new, potentially more threatening avenues for their development. These innovations can cause or spread disease or resist known therapeutic approaches. Addressing such threats of biowarfare requires obtaining reliable and informative taxonomies for the pathogens and timely and effective responses. This, in turn, calls for co

Navigating India's strategic seas: The evolving role of the Navy
Jun 13, 2024

Navigating India's strategic seas: The evolving role of the Navy

The changing geopolitical realities of the 21st century have warranted the Navy’s rising profile in India’s strategic landscape.

Navigating the  Digital 'Trilemma'
Oct 13, 2016

Navigating the Digital 'Trilemma'

Debates around internet policy have taken centre stage in domestic politics and international relations alike thus the stage is set for Digital Debate

Navigating the changing geo-economic landscape
Jan 28, 2016

Navigating the changing geo-economic landscape

This Special Report is based on some of the most important ideas shared amongst participants in ORF's roundtable on Changing Geoeconomic Landscapes, held on 21 December 2015 in New Delhi. The discussion examined current patterns in world economy, initiatives being taken by the Indian leadership to steer domestic economy, and the need for the country to carefully integrate its domestic economic priorities, including those of reforms, with its fore

Navigating the Indo-Pacific: Development Cooperation as a Diplomatic Tool
Apr 03, 2024

Navigating the Indo-Pacific: Development Cooperation as a Diplomatic Tool

Development cooperation has gained further currency in a post-pandemic world amid staggered economic growth and an increasing gap in financing the Sustainable Development Goals. As a strategic geographic expanse, the Indo-Pacific has witnessed an upswing in cooperation programmes under different modalities (North-South, South-South, and triangular development partnerships). This paper explores the role of development cooperation as a tool of dipl

Naxalites misused peace process
Aug 22, 2005

Naxalites misused peace process

Confusion and vacillation have been the marked features of the Andhra Pradesh government¿s policy towards the Naxalites of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist), which it proscribed on August 17, along with seven of its front organisations in the wake of the killing of nine persons,

Need to humanise urban planning
Feb 17, 2014

Need to humanise urban planning

The day and age of centralised and linear town planning approaches are over. Conceptually, the urban planners, architects, designers, builders and policy makers have to make a conscious efforts to humanise urban planning to make it part of the larger ecosystem of social sciences.

Needless controversy over Modi's US visa
Aug 01, 2013

Needless controversy over Modi's US visa

International politics rather than law or policy will also play a key role in a future Modi visit to the US. There is certainly an element of the hyperbole in Obama's declaration that the American relationship with India is "a defining partnership of the century ahead". But it contains more than a grain of truth.

NEP 2020: Achieving universal literacy in India by 2047
Sep 08, 2022

NEP 2020: Achieving universal literacy in India by 2047

As we celebrate International Literacy Day, we examine the provision of the National Education Policy and see if the NEP can deliver on its promise to