Search: For - national security

254 results found

China-made electric vehicles: Geopolitics at the wheel
May 15, 2024

China-made electric vehicles: Geopolitics at the wheel

The West sees China's investments and capacities in low-carbon energy as a security threat instead of recognising its role in boosting RE’s global s

China’s military rise and the Indian challenge
Apr 19, 2018

China’s military rise and the Indian challenge

Unlike other great powers of the past New Delhi has encountered, China impinges directly on India’s geopolitical landscape in multiple ways. The ris

China’s Response to ‘De-risking’ Strategy of the West
Nov 07, 2023

China’s Response to ‘De-risking’ Strategy of the West

The annual parliamentary sittings of China’s National People’s Congress and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference—usually held at the same time—are important political events, with speeches of leaders at the meetings reflecting the country’s policy trajectory. During the last sessions of both in March 2023, President Xi Jinping noted that western countries led by the United States (US) are seeking to “contain and en

Closing the gap: A doctrinal & capability appraisal of the IAF & the PLAAF
May 02, 2018

Closing the gap: A doctrinal & capability appraisal of the IAF & the PLAAF

A review of existing and future capability is essential to offer a holistic appraisal of current and predicted trajectory of the IAF vs. PLAAF discour

Colombo correction
Apr 01, 2014

Colombo correction

The UPA's policy failures on Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have generated much bemoaning in Delhi's national security establishment about the breakdown of the rules of the republic that made the conduct of foreign policy the sole responsibility of the Centre. A closer look reveals that it is not the states that are exercising a veto over foreign policy decisions.

Common responses to maritime security threats in the Bay of Bengal
Nov 14, 2017

Common responses to maritime security threats in the Bay of Bengal

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) appears to be gaining momentum in formulating collective strategies to combat non-traditional security threats in the subregion. This brief describes how BIMSTEC had focused on bilateralism or trilateralism from its inception in 1997 until 2015, thereby failing to pursue a more comprehensive and long-term approach to addressing the common threats to their

Countering Hostile Drone Activity on the India-Pakistan Border
May 08, 2023

Countering Hostile Drone Activity on the India-Pakistan Border

Drone or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) technology has become more accessible and affordable in recent years, and their increasing long-range capability, endurance, and applications, have made them integral for both civilian and military uses. At the same time, malicious elements such as criminal networks, drug smuggling syndicates and terrorist organisations, have exploited the technology to aid their activities. For India, the increase

Cyber Arms Race in Space: Exploring India’s Next Steps
Sep 14, 2023

Cyber Arms Race in Space: Exploring India’s Next Steps

Indias reliance on outer space has become critical in its social and economic growthstories in addition to its transformative impact in the national security context. With growingreliance comes vulnerability to adversarial attempts to harm Indias capabilities, particularlyfrom the new threat of cyber warfare. Even as countries including India have debated the need todevelop certain counter-space capabilities, such as demonstration of an ASAT capa

Cyber Attacks | Pakistan emerges as China’s proxy against India
Feb 15, 2022

Cyber Attacks | Pakistan emerges as China’s proxy against India

India needs to effectively counter the menace of China-Pakistan cyber collaboration as it has not just national security implications, but indeed implications for India’s democracy as a whole

Cybersecurity threats from online gaming
Aug 04, 2023

Cybersecurity threats from online gaming

There is an urgent need for governments and policymakers around the world to start paying more attention to the gaming industry as cybersecurity threa

Data free flow with trust: Is there a solution in sight?
Jan 28, 2023

Data free flow with trust: Is there a solution in sight?

2023 could be a monumental year for facilitating DFFT as more and more countries are moving away from the concept of blanket data localisation

Decoding Rural Revitalisation, Xi Jinping’s New Priority
Aug 16, 2023

Decoding Rural Revitalisation, Xi Jinping’s New Priority

As the world grapples with uncertainty in the post-COVID-19 era, China appears to be focusing on bolstering its rural economy. China claims to have brought nearly 100 million people out of poverty since 2012, but the regime feels that unbalanced development can jeopardise the gains of poverty alleviation. The widening economic gap could also foment unrest in the rural areas. Additionally, the government believes that the reliance on grain

Decoding the Biden Administration’s Cyber Security Policy
Jan 15, 2024

Decoding the Biden Administration’s Cyber Security Policy

The Biden administration is seeking to establish a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy as part of its national security. This issue brief analyses the US’s cyber threat landscape and examines the Biden administration’s cybersecurity strategy. It explores the strategy’s ideological, geopolitical, technological, and diplomatic significance in a rapidly shifting domain.

Decoding the Rafale controversy
Oct 16, 2018

Decoding the Rafale controversy

The opacity in the Rafale deal only raises doubts, with its fallout on national security and the 'Make in India' programme.

Deep fake, disinformation, and deception
Aug 25, 2023

Deep fake, disinformation, and deception

The adoption of generative AI in cognitive warfare poses a significant threat to national security

Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020: Imperatives for Further Reforms
Feb 04, 2021

Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020: Imperatives for Further Reforms

The Ministry of Defence released the Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020 (DAP 2020) in September last year, in a move to further streamline the procurement process and provide a boost to indigenous arms manufacturing. This brief argues that measures articulated in the DAP—highly anticipated as it was—need to be complemented by additional reforms to create a robust procurement machinery that supports faster and cheaper acquisition as well as hi

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed
Feb 16, 2006

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed

The emergence of Bangladesh as the new hub of international Islamist terrorism, insurgency in Nepal and Maoist militancy across several states, add new challenges to national security threats that India traditionally tackles. Despite these, India's defence expenditure continues to decrease in real terms and as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) every year.

Defining the protection of ‘the public core of the internet’ as a national interest
Jul 19, 2017

Defining the protection of ‘the public core of the internet’ as a national interest

The norm to protect the public core of the internet, originally advocated by the Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy, can be operationalised in two ways. Both a layered approach and a functional approach to defining the public core of the internet provide productive ways to discuss safeguarding the functionality and integrity of the core logical and physical infrastructure of the internet from unwarranted state interventions. Thi

Democratising Technology for the Next Six Billion: India’s ‘Digital Public Goods’ Innovation
Nov 16, 2021

Democratising Technology for the Next Six Billion: India’s ‘Digital Public Goods’ Innovation

Access to, and development of indigenous digital platforms and cutting-edge technologies is imperative for robust socio-economic development and national security. In turn, such process needs to be democratised, and undertaken in a sustainable manner. India is a first mover in this novel idea of democratising technology and developing Digital Public Goods. Operationalised in the digital infrastructure called India Stack, India’s strategy aims t

Dissecting the Centre–State tussle over the extension of BSF jurisdiction in states
Nov 09, 2021

Dissecting the Centre–State tussle over the extension of BSF jurisdiction in states

Cracks in the federal structure of India is witnessed as the jurisdiction of the BSF is increased in three states without prior consultation

Do internet search engines stifle human cognition?
Feb 07, 2023

Do internet search engines stifle human cognition?

India must act fast to mitigate the high risks, ensure that search engines live up to their responsibilities, and be transparent

Donald Trump's generals: Why 9/11 will shape what follows 11/9
Nov 30, 2016

Donald Trump's generals: Why 9/11 will shape what follows 11/9

The President-elect Donald Trump has already confirmed that Lieutenant General Michael Flynn will serve as the next National Security Advisor

Drones: Guidelines, regulations, and policy gaps in India
Mar 05, 2018

Drones: Guidelines, regulations, and policy gaps in India

Technology affects us in positive ways yet can also be disruptive; such is the case with Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA or more commonly known as drones). While drones are proving to be useful for military, commercial, civilian, and even humanitarian activities, their unregulated use carries serious consequences that need to be addressed. This paper examines drone operations in India and analyses the major policy gaps in the country’s evolving

Dynamics of US Force Transformation
Dec 25, 2006

Dynamics of US Force Transformation

In September 2002, the Bush administration officially introduced its national security strategy report. In response to the devastating attacks on the epicentre of America's financial and defence establishment, President Bush outlined the fundamental tenets of a strategy that was authored to contend with changes caused due to the "profound transformation" in the current security environment. President Bush proclaimed that, in order to protect Amer

Ethical and Regulatory Considerations in the Collection and Use of Biometric Data
Oct 10, 2023

Ethical and Regulatory Considerations in the Collection and Use of Biometric Data

Surveillance as a tool of governance holds more relevance today than ever before, as information technology grows by the day and collects more biometric data. Biometric data—either first-generation (static biological data) or second-generation (dynamic socio-spatial biological data)—is extracted from the biological and social aspects of individuals and used in surveillance for purposes of national security, civic responsibility, and business

Fair share of nuclear power
Jan 17, 2006

Fair share of nuclear power

The Iran nuclear issue is touching yet another point of criticality. The build-up was evident to the naked eye, the crescendo almost predictable. It was six weeks ago that Secretary of Iran¿s Supreme National Security Council, Ali Larijani, expressed Teheran's frustration that EU-3 (Britain, France and Germany) was stonewalling in the negotiations, meandering into blind alleys, lost in thoughts.

Five years of sinification of Islam in China
Oct 18, 2023

Five years of sinification of Islam in China

Over the course of five years, Beijing has curbed religious freedom under the pretext of “reorienting” Muslims of China towards core socialist val

Foreign Policy Contestation and Indian Democracy
Apr 26, 2024

Foreign Policy Contestation and Indian Democracy

As a rising India engages the world with confidence in an increasingly challenging environment, informed contestations on foreign policy should be the norm.

From Kargil to Balakot: The continuing challenges to India’s modern air power
May 22, 2023

From Kargil to Balakot: The continuing challenges to India’s modern air power

Most leading air forces around the world were quick to learn from the experiences of the US Air Force between the Vietnam War in the 1960s and the Gulf War three decades later. This resulted in the widespread adoption by these forces of Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs) beginning in the mid-1990s. Only a few of these air arms, however, have matched the overall effectiveness of US air power, which combines aircraft survivability with weapon range,

From MIC to NSIC
Oct 11, 2011

From MIC to NSIC

Nomenclature notwithstanding, the evolution of an Indian National Security Industrial Complex (NSIC) must be watched with interest and caution.

G20: Prospects for climate cooperation
Sep 22, 2023

G20: Prospects for climate cooperation

The real challenge is to translate the call for climate cooperation iterated at the G20 Summit in New Delhi into deeds given the divergent development

Global Health Governance in an Uncertain World: A Proposed Framework for the G20
Jan 30, 2023

Global Health Governance in an Uncertain World: A Proposed Framework for the G20

In the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, reforming the global health governance system has become a key area of concern for the G20 and other multilateral platforms. This comes at a time when the world has increasingly become volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous. As a grouping of developed and developing countries, the G20 must prioritise addressing global health challenges by identifying its direct and indirect determinants. This brief

Global terrorism expanding, especially in Asia?
Feb 03, 2014

Global terrorism expanding, especially in Asia?

West Bengal Governor and former National Security Advisor M.K. Narayanan recently noted that contrary to what many security and strategic analysts in the West profess, terrorism remains by all means a grave threat to the civilised world. The reality is global terrorism is expanding, especially in Asia.

Hamas attack against Israel seeks to counter-shape regional order in West Asia
Oct 09, 2023

Hamas attack against Israel seeks to counter-shape regional order in West Asia

Hamas attack and Israel’s response to these terror strikes will single-handedly reshape the trajectory of regional geopolitics at least in the near

How real is Japan’s new strategic dawn?
Nov 24, 2020

How real is Japan’s new strategic dawn?

As Abe departs office, he leaves much to be admired.

Implications of the INF pullout
Mar 08, 2019

Implications of the INF pullout

Although the INF treaty may seem outdated in essence, it was crucial in making the two powers — the US and Russia — accountable. The demise of the

In search of a settlement in Afghanistan
Oct 15, 2005

In search of a settlement in Afghanistan

In the past few weeks, Afghanistan has received a stream of important visitors from western capitals that are in a position to preside over its destiny ¿ U.S. National Security Council Advisor Stephen J. Hadley, Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, British Secretary of State for Defence John Reid, and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.

India and Pakistan - Bridging the gap
May 09, 2009

India and Pakistan - Bridging the gap

The First R K Mishra Memorial Lecture was delivered by Major General Mahmud Ali Durrani. He was Pakistan's National Security Adviser till January 2009. A former Ambassador to the United States, General Durrani has been closely associated with Mr RK Mishra, and Observer Research Foundation, in promoting peace and dialogue between India and Pakistan

India and the U.S. can together make tech more accessible to all
Jun 20, 2023

India and the U.S. can together make tech more accessible to all

A strategic partnership of two great democracies will counter the rising influence of techno-authoritarians.

India much advanced in refugee protection:  UNHCR CoM
Mar 12, 2013

India much advanced in refugee protection: UNHCR CoM

India is quite advanced in refugee protection as compared to many signatories of the 1951 Refugee Convention, according to chief of mission of the UNHCR, India. Even when refugee protection comes into odds with national security, India has managed to provide social security, education and medical security.

India to chair UN group on 'killer robots', open new page on arms control diplomacy
Dec 19, 2016

India to chair UN group on 'killer robots', open new page on arms control diplomacy

India was selected as the chair of the first group of governmental experts (GGE) constituted to deliberate the issue of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) and their impact on international security

India's foreign policy set to undergo sea change: Former NSA
Feb 02, 2015

India's foreign policy set to undergo sea change: Former NSA

India's former National Security Advisor M K Narayanan thinks that the country's external relations are set to undergo a sea change. "The first half of the 21st Century will be a soft period, but as time progresses, things will not be so smooth," he cautions.

India's Reluctance on Multilateral Naval Exercises
Jul 29, 2015

India's Reluctance on Multilateral Naval Exercises

Given the centrality of the Indian Ocean to its national security, it is time for India to leverage existing and emerging multilateral platforms to engage deeply with partner countries and take on a greater leadership role in the Indian Ocean Region.

India-Egypt relations: भारत और मिस्र के बीच के ऐतिहासिक संबंधों का ‘नवीनीकरण’
Jul 26, 2023

India-Egypt relations: भारत और मिस्र के बीच के ऐतिहासिक संबंधों का ‘नवीनीकरण’

भारतीय विदेश मंत्री के हालिए मिस्र (Egypt visit) दौरे के उपरांत स�

Indian Army's year of technological advancement in 2024
Feb 03, 2024

Indian Army's year of technological advancement in 2024

While the Indian Army’s emphasis on integrating advanced tools reflects a proactive response to evolving challenges, a broader transformation warran

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight
Jul 23, 2015

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight

This report draws from the conference on the Future Challenges to India's Intelligence System organised by ORF in February 2015. What tasks face India's intelligence agencies in implementing reforms in order to address the more complex national security threats confronting the country today?