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As India chase $5 trillion economy, it faces daunting tasks to improve life
Nov 14, 2019

As India chase $5 trillion economy, it faces daunting tasks to improve life

The transition to a $5 trillion economy will require many drastic changes, especially in the pace of urbanisation.

As India turns 71, what is the rising global power’s vision for the world?
Aug 15, 2018

As India turns 71, what is the rising global power’s vision for the world?

India requires a “consensus” — a new proposition that will not only guide its own trajectory for the better part of the 21st century, but one that appeals to communities around the world.

Assessing Indo-US defence ties
Aug 20, 2014

Assessing Indo-US defence ties

A lot of the things are hanging in the air because Indo-US relations are doing so as well. Given India's reticence in giving any kind of political shape to the partnership with the US, Washington is understandably stringing New Delhi along with promises. Modi's forthcoming visit to Washington DC could be an opportunity to move forward in some of the issues

Australia and India : A People-based Partnership
Jul 22, 2009

Australia and India : A People-based Partnership

Senator Chris Evans visited the Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi on July 22 and spoke on the close cultural ties that have been forged between the two countries, the safety of Indian students in Australia and migration prospects in the future.

Australia-India 2+2 Dialogue: Converging Interests
Sep 23, 2021

Australia-India 2+2 Dialogue: Converging Interests

New Delhi and Canberra have had to bear the brunt of increasingly belligerent Chinese behavior in the Indo-Pacific, pushing their bilateral relationship to new heights.

Australian Defense Minister’s India Trip: A Sign of Growing Defense Ties
Jun 29, 2022

Australian Defense Minister’s India Trip: A Sign of Growing Defense Ties

Canberra and New Delhi need to streamline their defense and security agenda on an accelerated pace in the face of pressure on both from Beijing.

Australia–India scripting a ‘new chapter’ in bilateral relations
Mar 01, 2022

Australia–India scripting a ‘new chapter’ in bilateral relations

Given the changing geopolitics, both Canberra and New Delhi are keen to move beyond mere rhetoric and build a robust partnership

Banking on each other: India, Russia and the new era of global politics
Dec 06, 2021

Banking on each other: India, Russia and the new era of global politics

President Putin’s visit to New Delhi to meet Prime Minister Narendra Modi is hugely symbolic and strategic

Battlestation Delhi: Responding to the COVID-19 peak
Jun 29, 2020

Battlestation Delhi: Responding to the COVID-19 peak

The Central government, Delhi government and MCD have come together to ramp-up the healthcare delivery capacity for COVID-19 infection control.

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain
Mar 31, 2005

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain

A lively and frank debate on India-Pakistan relationship marked the meeting between a high-powered delegation from Pakistan led by former Prime Minister Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain and an Indian team of senior diplomats, strategic analysts, commentators and policy makers led by former Indian Foreign Secretary M Rasgotra, who is presently, International Affairs Adviser, Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi, at ORF, Campus on March 31, 2005.

Been there, done that
Jul 14, 2015

Been there, done that

Twenty-five uninterrupted years of mostly weak coalition governments at the Centre may have closed political options in Jammu and Kashmir, but now that we have a majority government in New Delhi, decisions may be easier.

Berlin bats for closer ties. Delhi must reciprocate
Dec 13, 2022

Berlin bats for closer ties. Delhi must reciprocate

As Germany makes an important outreach to India, New Delhi will carefully watch how Berlin deals with its economic entanglement with China.

Betting on connectivity: Afghanistan’s China-Pakistan Economic Corridor ambitions
Jun 07, 2023

Betting on connectivity: Afghanistan’s China-Pakistan Economic Corridor ambitions

Kabul’s possible induction into CPEC raises sovereignty and strategic concerns for New Delhi

Bhagidari Programme of Delhi Government
Oct 04, 2008

Bhagidari Programme of Delhi Government

Observer Research Foundation (ORF) invited Hon'ble Chief Minister of Delhi, Smt. Sheila Dikshit on April 10, 2008 to deliver a talk on the 'Bhagidari Programme of Delhi Government' at the New Delhi campus. The event was attended by more than 80 participants

BJP's Beijing
Sep 10, 2014

BJP's Beijing

If Modi is a strong leader who is bringing greater purposefulness to India's China policy, Xi is even more powerful at home. He has conveyed a strong interest in transforming relations with New Delhi and is willing to explore opportunities with Modi.

Blinken’s India Visit Goes Off Smoothly
Jul 30, 2021

Blinken’s India Visit Goes Off Smoothly

Despite concerns that the Biden administration’s focus on human rights and democracy would entail sharp criticism of New Delhi, Blinken’s visit highlighted the many areas of bilateral synergy.

BRICS and BRI: China Aims for Strategic Alignment
Aug 17, 2023

BRICS and BRI: China Aims for Strategic Alignment

China has twice broached the matter of expanding the membership of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa): first, at the 2017 Xiamen Summit, and again, more recently, at the 14th BRICS Leaders’ Meeting in June 2022 convened virtually under the chairmanship of Beijing. With China and India locked in a stalemate along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the Chinese proposal has raised concerns in New Delhi. This brief examine

BRICS sees rekindling of India-Russia romance
Oct 17, 2016

BRICS sees rekindling of India-Russia romance

Sino-Indian ties have been going downhill for the last few years. At the BRICS summit, India sought to re-engage Russia more substantively.

BRICS Summit: India will have an upper hand at bilateral talks with China
Jul 25, 2018

BRICS Summit: India will have an upper hand at bilateral talks with China

New Delhi should also be aware that a US-China trade spat opens up new possibilities for India, both vis-à-vis Beijing and Washington, and it should not be hesitant to exploit them

Bridging the gap: India Bangladesh relations
Aug 21, 2010

Bridging the gap: India Bangladesh relations

India and Bangladesh relations got a new boost following Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee's brief visit to Bangladesh recently, demonstrating New Delhi's keenness in enhancing bilateral relations.

Budget 2004: The Power Sector Review
Jul 15, 2004

Budget 2004: The Power Sector Review

Budget 2004, despite the change of regime in New Delhi, maintains the much required continuity for critical power sector reforms to achieve the country¿'s "Power for All" objective by 2012 and double installed capacity to over 200,000 MW .The salient features in the budget vis-a-vis the power sector are:

Budget 2023: Amrit Kaal for development diplomacy?
Feb 03, 2023

Budget 2023: Amrit Kaal for development diplomacy?

With G20 ruling 2023, New Delhi is bound to utilise its development cooperation allocations for forging new alliances and establishing sustainable par

Building a bridge to Tokyo
Jun 03, 2013

Building a bridge to Tokyo

New Delhi must take full advantage of the geopolitical opportunity that the Japanese connection offers us. As democracies, both India and Japan are open societies and committed to a liberal world order. Through visits and agreements, the two sides have now laid the infrastructure for their strategic partnership.

Building a new world
Mar 16, 2012

Building a new world

The ORF-hosted BRICS Academic Forum's recommendations to the 4th BRICS Leaders Summit, to be held in New Delhi on March 29, seek to set the agendas for global governance reforms and sustainable development and map out a new geography of cooperation.

Building up connections in Central Asia
Jan 27, 2022

Building up connections in Central Asia

Since 1991, New Delhi's ties with the Central Asian countries have developed slowly despite a shared culture and trade links via the ancient Silk Road

Calls for India to play the Taiwan card grow louder
Jul 10, 2020

Calls for India to play the Taiwan card grow louder

As tensions simmer between New Delhi and Beijing, some have called for India to focus on developing stronger relations with Taiwan.

Can India make headway in the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 2018?
Jun 14, 2018

Can India make headway in the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 2018?

Despite New Delhi’s continued hopes and some encouraging signs, significant challenges remain.

Can Tokyo provide Modi his first big bang moment?
Aug 30, 2014

Can Tokyo provide Modi his first big bang moment?

A civil nuclear agreement is one of the key outcomes New Delhi is pushing for in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to Japan that starts on August 30. Recently, in Naypidaw, Myanmar, foreign minister Sushma Swaraj called on her Japanese counterpart Fumio Kishida to "bring talks on civil nuclear agreement to their logical conclusion".

Canada cousins
Apr 14, 2015

Canada cousins

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to Canada this week should help rejuvenate an important relationship that has long been neglected in New Delhi. If real political differences alienated India and Canada during the Cold War, it is Delhi that has not been sufficiently attentive to the possibilities with Canada in recent years.

Cementing India-Bangladesh Relations
May 06, 2011

Cementing India-Bangladesh Relations

Indian Vice-President Hamid Ansari's recent State visit, coming after the visit by another important Minister (for Commerce and Industry), Anand Sharma, to Bangladesh, has highlighted New Delhi'sefforts and sincerity at improving the burgeoning relationship with its neighbour even more.

Centre must step in to end corruption in Kashmir
Mar 09, 2018

Centre must step in to end corruption in Kashmir

Politics of appeasement must be done away with and New Delhi should extend all the anti-corruption laws of India, especially the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, in Jammu and Kashmir.

Chabahar Port: India's counterweight to China's BRI in Eurasia
May 15, 2024

Chabahar Port: India's counterweight to China's BRI in Eurasia

The Chabahar Port deal between India and Iran can help the former gain connectivity to Eurasia and counter China’s growing regional influence

Chabahar, port of a smart call
May 16, 2024

Chabahar, port of a smart call

India's ability to successfully execute a 10-year agreement on the Chabahar port showcases New Delhi's continuing ability to manoeuvre in a geopolitically fragmented world.

China and India Jostle in the Indian Ocean
Dec 05, 2022

China and India Jostle in the Indian Ocean

This has been a longstanding policy of China, but more recently, Beijing has been perturbed by New Delhi’s proactive push in China’s periphery along the wider Indo-Pacific. Beijing is attempting to portray itself as the new leader in the emerging multipolar world

China feels India needs to be shown its place
Dec 21, 2022

China feels India needs to be shown its place

New Delhi must sharply raise its preparedness to deal with a Beijing that seems bent on aggression

China is a challenge, and not a threat, to India
Sep 02, 2004

China is a challenge, and not a threat, to India

New Delhi has made it clear that it does not see China as a "threat" to India. The official position reflects a correct assessment of our security environment. China poses a challenge, not a threat, to India.

China makes a pivot towards Russia
Apr 01, 2013

China makes a pivot towards Russia

Given the past Sino-Russian relations the longevity of their entente is moot. Clearly, India is not entirely without options in this geopolitical competition, the only problem is to get New Delhi to play the game.

China must act against Jaish-e-Mohammad in the wake of Pulwama terror attack
Feb 21, 2019

China must act against Jaish-e-Mohammad in the wake of Pulwama terror attack

China will continue to shield Pakistan. The Wuhan spirit, if it ever existed, is gasping for breath — and New Delhi will have to firm up its response to China.

China's Military Strategy: Implications for India
Jul 15, 2015

China's Military Strategy: Implications for India

In the Chinese defence paper, though nothing is directly indicative of India, the implications are quite clear with the focus on open seas protection and unbending approach to territorial disputes. Urgency and imagination will be key in tackling Chinese ambitions in what is considered New Delhi's backyard.

China's motives remain a mystery
May 01, 2013

China's motives remain a mystery

We are yet to get to the bottom of the mystery of the Chinese incursions. But the rhetoric that is coming out from New Delhi and Beijing now seems to suggest that the issue may quietly die down. As it is, it comes on the eve of External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid's visit to Beijing, and, more Chinese premier Li Keqiang's visit to New Delhi.

China's Taliban
Jul 31, 2015

China's Taliban

If New Delhi lets domestic political passions overwhelm the need for a carefully crafted strategy towards Pakistan, it will find the Afghan dynamic will soon make matters a lot more difficult for India.

China’s 2021 White Paper on Tibet: Implications for India’s China Strategy
Jun 22, 2021

China’s 2021 White Paper on Tibet: Implications for India’s China Strategy

Tibet is where India and China meet. It is through Tibet that China manages its relations with India, using the boundary dispute to keep New Delhi off-balance. India is also where the most revered Tibetan, the 14th Dalai Lama lives in exile. Having failed to negotiate his return, there is now a two-pronged effort by China to deal with the consequences of the Dalai Lama’s passing and his possible reincarnation outside Tibet: to m

China’s military rise and the Indian challenge
Apr 19, 2018

China’s military rise and the Indian challenge

Unlike other great powers of the past New Delhi has encountered, China impinges directly on India’s geopolitical landscape in multiple ways. The ris

China’s moment in Nepal: Implications for India
Dec 27, 2017

China’s moment in Nepal: Implications for India

Even as Nepal’s new leaders appear to pursue closer ties with Beijing, not all is lost for New Delhi.

China’s rising naval power means trouble for India
Apr 28, 2017

China’s rising naval power means trouble for India

New Delhi will need to look to the US for help resisting Beijing’s maritime ambitions.

China’s strategic ambitions seen in the Hambantota port in Sri Lanka
Jul 27, 2018

China’s strategic ambitions seen in the Hambantota port in Sri Lanka

New Delhi’s Indian Ocean woes aren’t confined to Sri Lanka. Across the Indian Ocean’s littorals, the Chinese navy has been preparing to establish a stronger security presence. On Pakistan’s Makran coast, the PLAN has deployed regularly, including at Gwadar, also constructed by CMPorts. Earlier this year, the PLA is said to have initiated talks with the Pakistan military for another outpost at Jiwani.

China’s West Asian peace diplomacy a reality check for India
Mar 23, 2023

China’s West Asian peace diplomacy a reality check for India

The China-brokered Saudi Arabia-Iran deal puts the spotlight on New Delhi’s ties with Tehran

Chinese cyber escalation against India’s electricity grid amidst the boundary crisis 
Mar 10, 2021

Chinese cyber escalation against India’s electricity grid amidst the boundary crisis 

Beyond defensive measures, New Delhi needs to step up efforts for a potent cyber offensive capability that can enable retaliatory strikes against Chin

Co-operative Federalism and Management of Diversity
Nov 02, 2004

Co-operative Federalism and Management of Diversity

As the world comes closer in the wake of information explosion and gobalisation, the idea of ¿Cooperative Federalism¿, which is seen as a tool to resolve conflicts, is gaining increasing relevance and acceptance. Inspired by this development, a two-day International Conference on ¿Co-operative Federalism and Management of Diversity¿, has been organized from November 2-3, 2004, under the auspices of Observer research Foundation (ORF) , New Del

Colombia's Agenda for 'Democratic Prosperity'
Dec 02, 2011

Colombia's Agenda for 'Democratic Prosperity'

Address by Colombian Deputy Foreign Minister, at the Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi, on November 3, 2011 on Colombia's Agenda for Domestic Prosperity.