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An Assessment of President Hu’s visit to India
Jul 24, 2023

An Assessment of President Hu’s visit to India

In the backdrop of Chinese President Hu Jintao's visit to India, a roundtable discussion was organized by Observer Research Foundation on December 1, 2006 to assess the outcome of the visit and its impact on relations between the two countries. The discussion focused on how the India-China relationship would evolve in the wake of the visit.

An avoidable fracas between India and the Gulf
Jun 10, 2022

An avoidable fracas between India and the Gulf

Could the recent comments by the BJP party spokesperson damage India's reputation and its foreign policy goals in the economically and strategically

An intellectual biography of India’s new farm laws
May 08, 2023

An intellectual biography of India’s new farm laws

A comprehensive guide to the history of India’s agriculture policy in the context of the recently enacted Farm Laws.

An investment in knowledge: Boosting India-US educational ties
Sep 20, 2023

An investment in knowledge: Boosting India-US educational ties

Educational cooperation between India and the United States (US) has gone from strength to strength, and there is much more that can be done.

An unclaimed legacy
Jan 05, 2015

An unclaimed legacy

Former NDA prime minister Vajpayee kept the professional hawks in the national security establishment and the conservatives in his own party BJP at bay in the making of India's foreign policy. It is not clear if Narendra Modi can sustain a similar freedom of action for his government.

Analysing Bangladesh’s balance of payments situation
Dec 20, 2022

Analysing Bangladesh’s balance of payments situation

Bangladesh would need to adopt long-term policy measures to achieve a robust growth rate

Analysing France’s new strategy for Africa
Mar 15, 2023

Analysing France’s new strategy for Africa

With its new strategy for partnership with African countries, France aims to break away from its past approach towards the continent

Analysing South Asian Analysts
Nov 17, 2003

Analysing South Asian Analysts

After decades of being on the backburner, the 9-11 terrorist attacks forced America to take a fresh look at the South Asian region. The last time the US had focused on this region was immediately following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, which required US policymakers to structure their policies to fit the Cold War paradigm.

Annual Outlook 2023: Warmer Climes Ahead
Jan 23, 2024

Annual Outlook 2023: Warmer Climes Ahead

This report explores the economic and geopolitical impacts of climate change, highlighting the mitigated energy crisis in Europe, inflation trends, and global monetary policies. It discusses investment opportunities in sustainable travel and emerging markets, particularly in Asia, amidst the evolving energy landscape and consumer behaviors post-COVID, in the year 2023.

Apprehensive world leaders need not worry yet, the US’s peculiar political system will keep Trump in check
Nov 10, 2016

Apprehensive world leaders need not worry yet, the US’s peculiar political system will keep Trump in check

At the end of the day, Trump’s policymaking will depend on the team that executes it, and, as of now, no one has a clue about what this team will look like.

Aquatic inferno: UUVs and covert action for the future
Apr 10, 2024

Aquatic inferno: UUVs and covert action for the future

Defined by the principles of plausible deniability and the tangible strategic effect against adversaries, covert sea operations, especially with UUVs,

Arab states and China tighten partnership at a time of turmoil
Jun 10, 2024

Arab states and China tighten partnership at a time of turmoil

China’s primary chase in West Asia remains economic and it will continue to push for economic integration despite the region’s challenges.

Are Anganwadis ready to provide quality early childhood education?
Jan 24, 2024

Are Anganwadis ready to provide quality early childhood education?

Increasing public spending on early childhood care and education and empowering India’s Anganwadis is important to ensure that quality early educati

Are Hurriyat leaders taking out old ‘tricks’ to scuttle talks?
May 31, 2018

Are Hurriyat leaders taking out old ‘tricks’ to scuttle talks?

For the first time in last four years, the Modi government has expressed a willingness to hold talks with the Hurriyat. The acknowledgment of separati

Are recent reforms in China’s development cooperation programme effective?
Oct 03, 2023

Are recent reforms in China’s development cooperation programme effective?

Although China has initiated steps to improve its development cooperation programme, many of the commitments have yet to materialise

Artificial Intelligence in military operations: Where does India stand?
Aug 02, 2019

Artificial Intelligence in military operations: Where does India stand?

Policymakers must have a sound understanding of the objectives that AI seeks to achieve in the strategic context of India to disseminate artificial in

Artificial intelligence technologies have a climate cost
Feb 04, 2022

Artificial intelligence technologies have a climate cost

The AI-climate change link is understudied, not least because the largest companies working in this space are neither transparent nor meaningfully committed to understanding it

As crude drones change the nature of terror, India needs to prepare better
Jul 02, 2021

As crude drones change the nature of terror, India needs to prepare better

The fact that drones made from scrap and duct-tape carrying improvised explosive devices are able to damage conventional aircraft on ground, worth millions of dollars, brought forward a new set of challenges for defence policymakers

As India and Islamabad unite on peace, it's time to put our faith in diplomacy
Sep 23, 2013

As India and Islamabad unite on peace, it's time to put our faith in diplomacy

Now that BJP PM candidate Narendra Modi is approaching what could possibly be the pinnacle of his career, the last thing he wants is to box himself in by his own rhetoric. It is for this reason that in his Haryana speech, he also invoked Atal Bihari Vajpayee's policy, which used the Kargil crisis to get the world community to pin down Pakistan on avoiding the use of violence in relation to Kashmir.

ASEAN: आसियान के विशेष दूत ‘सोखोन’ के लिए चुनौतियों की डगर साबित होगा म्यांमार
Jul 31, 2023

ASEAN: आसियान के विशेष दूत ‘सोखोन’ के लिए चुनौतियों की डगर साबित होगा म्यांमार

वैसे तो बहुत नाप-तौल कर क़दम उठाए गए लेकिन आसियान के विशेष

Assessing globalisation: Reconciling with a changing world order
Aug 22, 2023

Assessing globalisation: Reconciling with a changing world order

By reforming policy frameworks and promoting responsible global economic governance, globalisation could prioritise inclusive growth, social equity, a

Assessing the Achievements and Challenges of EU-India Cybersecurity Cooperation
Feb 27, 2024

Assessing the Achievements and Challenges of EU-India Cybersecurity Cooperation

The European Union’s (EU) and India’s paths towards becoming “cyber powers” could hardly be more different. The EU has a long tradition of protecting personal privacy rights and patents, while urging to enhance multilateral norms on cyberspace. India’s thinking on cybersecurity has continuously been boosted by the cyber threats emerging from China and Pakistan. It has further been shaped by India’s domestic Information Technology indu

Assessing the Efficacy of the West’s Autonomous Cyber-Sanctions Regime and its Relevance for India
Sep 09, 2022

Assessing the Efficacy of the West’s Autonomous Cyber-Sanctions Regime and its Relevance for India

Cyber-sanctions have emerged as a preferred tool for Western governments to deter cyberattacks emanating from their adversaries’ territories. As they implement such sanctions, however, these states face various challenges one of which is the difficulty in attribution. Moreover, the sanctions have only partially curbed the malicious cyber activities. Yet, the regime continues to expand, and many allies of the United States are emulating its prac

Assessing the Merger of Delhi’s Municipal Corporations
Jul 20, 2023

Assessing the Merger of Delhi’s Municipal Corporations

In April, the Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Act, 2022, merged the North, South, and East Delhi municipal corporations into a single urban local body (ULB) called the Delhi Municipal Corporation. The unification is expected to lead to better service delivery, greater financial strength, economies of scale, and eliminate administrative duplication. However, the Act does not outline the functional and financial domains of ULBs and aspects

Assessing the ‘new Bretton Woods’ moment
Dec 22, 2020

Assessing the ‘new Bretton Woods’ moment

As in 1944, two challenges lie ahead — to fight the warfare today and build a better tomorrow. Economic policy must be effective on the run and forw

Asteroids, meteors and planetary defence
Feb 18, 2013

Asteroids, meteors and planetary defence

Prior to the meteor hit in Russia and Asteroid 2012 DA 14's close miss, the Indian public and its policy makers likely could just not comprehend such a distant, seemingly un-real threat. Perhaps now, this will not be the case.

At SAARC, in charge
Dec 28, 2004

At SAARC, in charge

As he packs his bags for the first foreign policy venture in the new year ¿ the annual summit of the South Asian nations in Dhaka ¿ Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has two options. The default one would be to let the foreign office bureaucracy work out an anodyne declaration of good intentions on future cooperation.

Atlas Shrugged: The platform v. the state
Jan 14, 2021

Atlas Shrugged: The platform v. the state

The decisions social media platforms take about the content and users they host can affect livelihoods, political processes, and major public policy d

Atmanirbhar Bharat: Missing a focus on air pollution and climate change
May 12, 2023

Atmanirbhar Bharat: Missing a focus on air pollution and climate change

Will the government’s ambitious mission, ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India)’ eventually prove to be a missed opportunity? Earmarking funds worth 10 percent of India’s GDP, the mission not only aims to respond to the devastating blow caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, but also to serve as a long-term roadmap to growth. It is largely hinged on business-as-usual practices, including providing a push to the coal sector, which may be under

Australia and India: Capturing the opportunities in life sciences
Oct 27, 2020

Australia and India: Capturing the opportunities in life sciences

We need investments in innovations and discover new ways of engaging. An integrated way of working together which involves sharing of skills, resource

Australia, India and Japan Trilateral: Breaking the Mould
Dec 10, 2015

Australia, India and Japan Trilateral: Breaking the Mould

After the first trilateral dialogue between Australia, India and Japan in June 2015, another trilateral process immediately got underway. is paper makes an assessment of the prospects of this new formation in the light of history, contemporary coalescing interests, and the inadequacies of the existing trilaterals. While the conventional view is that this trilateral is merely an offshoot of US foreign policy and ranged against China, this paper ar

Australia-China relations: The great unravelling
May 24, 2023

Australia-China relations: The great unravelling

Over the last three decades, Australia and China have established mutually beneficial economic ties. However, Australia’s decision to ask for an independent enquiry into the origins of SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19, has led to a backlash from China. This brief examines the more important developments since 2015 that persuaded Australia to take measures aimed at protecting both its open economy and its democratic polity against China’s sys

Australian agriculture amidst droughts: Productivity gains and integration into global value chains key to global competitiveness
Feb 11, 2022

Australian agriculture amidst droughts: Productivity gains and integration into global value chains key to global competitiveness

Despite extreme climate events, through timely policy measures, Australia has not only achieved food security but also has become a large exporter

Avoid Knee-jerk Reactions to Tackle Inflation
Apr 14, 2008

Avoid Knee-jerk Reactions to Tackle Inflation

With India's annual inflation rate rising to a near four-year high on a point-to-point basis on the back of rising food prices, the search for policies to combat the price rise poses unusual challenges. The nature and causes of the current spiraling inflation in India has become a subject of intense debate, primarily because of the ostensible role of `imported inflation' in driving the domestic prices north. Issues like poor performance of the Pu

Balancing China in South Asia
Apr 30, 2010

Balancing China in South Asia

A two-day seminar 'Understanding China' was aimed at making an in-depth study of China's overall South Asian policy

Balancing Old and New in Delhi: Modern Delhi’s Perspective on Built Heritage Conservation
Aug 23, 2023

Balancing Old and New in Delhi: Modern Delhi’s Perspective on Built Heritage Conservation

While existing literature provides solid documentation of conservation policy and legislation, coverage of civil society's perceptions and role within conservation schemes is relatively sparse. This paper presents the under-represented perspective of modern Delhi on the policies and realities of heritage conservation.

Balancing ties with India and China, new PM Deuba's big challenge
Jun 22, 2017

Balancing ties with India and China, new PM Deuba's big challenge

When the political situation in Nepal is fluid, it is necessary to balance relations with China and India to maintain peace and stability.

Bangladesh, India ties: A new neighbourhood model
Oct 30, 2019

Bangladesh, India ties: A new neighbourhood model

Sheikh Hasina has guided her country’s policy wisely and adroitly, making Bangladesh the best performing economy in Asia.

Bangladesh-India connectivity: Passage through Tripura
Mar 25, 2021

Bangladesh-India connectivity: Passage through Tripura

The relationship between Bangladesh and Tripura is a long one; it is civilisational, historical, lingual, and cultural.

Bangladesh: Warming up to the US on all fronts
Jun 08, 2012

Bangladesh: Warming up to the US on all fronts

Bangladesh, once described as 'basket case' by veteran US strategist Henry Kissinger, has gathered new prominence in US' South Asia policy. The visit of US Secretary of State by Hillary Clinton in May this year that resulted in signing of a joint statement

Barrier-free boulevards: Designing cities for all abilities
Jun 11, 2024

Barrier-free boulevards: Designing cities for all abilities

Inclusion in urban planning is often an afterthought, leading to ineffective retrofitting. A paradigm shift is needed to make inclusive design a core

BCIM: Can India Be a Driving Force?
Jan 02, 2015

BCIM: Can India Be a Driving Force?

The current Indian government has given clear indicators that it is likely to place regional integration high on its economic diplomacy agenda, be it SAARC, ASEAN or BCIM. The last two are especially important to India's Act East Policy.

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain
Mar 31, 2005

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain

A lively and frank debate on India-Pakistan relationship marked the meeting between a high-powered delegation from Pakistan led by former Prime Minister Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain and an Indian team of senior diplomats, strategic analysts, commentators and policy makers led by former Indian Foreign Secretary M Rasgotra, who is presently, International Affairs Adviser, Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi, at ORF, Campus on March 31, 2005.

Begging will not de-risk Brussels from Beijing
Mar 30, 2024

Begging will not de-risk Brussels from Beijing

Not narratives, not rhetoric: what the EU needs is to wake up from its strategic slumber and act on its China addiction

Beijing and the Dalai Lama: Ice Melting?
Feb 28, 2005

Beijing and the Dalai Lama: Ice Melting?

The 46th Anniversary of Tibetan Uprising of the Year 1959 is round the corner. On March 10, the Dalai Lama will issue yet another Policy Statement to commemorate the occasion.

Between a rock and a hard place
Dec 15, 2014

Between a rock and a hard place

Financial health of Indian banks deserves scrutiny. The RBI should strike a careful balance in its policy objectives. Tighter lending norms are unlikely to be a panacea. It must resist the temptation to resort to such short-term fixes.