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UN committee pulls up Pakistan for racial discrimination
May 01, 2009

UN committee pulls up Pakistan for racial discrimination

Pakistan's record in fulfilling its international commitments to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination came under strong criticism when its periodic report on implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination came up for examination

UN honour for Bangladesh: Demands new approach in visualizing the country
Oct 05, 2010

UN honour for Bangladesh: Demands new approach in visualizing the country

On September 19, Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wazed received a UN award for the country's extraordinary performance in reducing child mortality rate, a millennium developmental goal (MDG).

Unbated PWG Naxal Violence in Chhatisgarh
Dec 04, 2003

Unbated PWG Naxal Violence in Chhatisgarh

A wave of pre-election violence, intimidation and destruction unleashed by Naxalites of the People¿s War Group (PWG) has been continuing in the post election phase in the central Indian State of Chhattisgarh. Legislative Assembly polls were held there on December 1, 2003. Polling could not be held in parts of Konta constituency, Dantewada district,

Unbundling state effectiveness: Current perspectives
Aug 20, 2018

Unbundling state effectiveness: Current perspectives

Decentralisation, with all its limitations, is the way to go for India to make the state effective in fulfillment of its sovereign functions.

Unbundling the coal-climate equation
Oct 07, 2015

Unbundling the coal-climate equation

Ahead of the Paris climate summit, India announced on October 2 its INDCs for climate change mitigation and adaptation. While this commitment has drawn fulsome praise from many, the green ayatollahs have predictably ignored its herculean clean energy ambitions and focused on Indian dependence on coal. It is time to lay bare the 'coal hypocrisy' of these privileged 'western greens'.

Uncertainties and concerns about the forthcoming Nigerian elections
Feb 04, 2015

Uncertainties and concerns about the forthcoming Nigerian elections

With barely two weeks left, there is still no clarity on the details of the forthcoming elections in Nigeria. Will Nigeria hold Presidential elections on February 14 and the Governors of the States poll on February 28 as scheduled?

Uncertainty about Yemen's future
Aug 21, 2013

Uncertainty about Yemen's future

As Yemen's two-year transitional period comes to an end, there is increased anticipation regarding Yemen's future. Main points of contention in the National Dialogue Conference (NDC) were pertaining to the solutions to the southern issue.

Uncle Sam's bear hug
Jul 19, 2005

Uncle Sam's bear hug

Through most of the Cold War and for over a decade after it ended, the phrase that best described Indo-US relations was ¿estranged democracies¿, coined by Dennis Kux, a former US diplomat. The two democracies, the world¿s largest and the world¿s most populous, regarded each other with wary suspicion.

Under China's Shadow, India Looks to Australia
Feb 11, 2013

Under China's Shadow, India Looks to Australia

More than the growth of the Indian diaspora in Australia or two-way commerce, the potential for naval cooperation and reshaping the political geography of the Indo-Pacific excites the relationship's strategic proponents.

Under the Radar, Above the Norm: The Evolving Dimensions of Thai-Japanese Cooperation
Mar 27, 2024

Under the Radar, Above the Norm: The Evolving Dimensions of Thai-Japanese Cooperation

Japan-Thailand relations are understated, yet dynamic and continuing to evolve. The two have worked towards fortifying their ties across various sectors, including defence, investments, and energy, undergirded by a mutual commitment to regional stability and economic prosperity. A paramount interest is navigating the geopolitical complexities of the times, amid growing external threats that necessitate deeper security cooperation comprising bilat

Understanding Anar Ullah Bangla, a new terrorist outfit
Sep 20, 2013

Understanding Anar Ullah Bangla, a new terrorist outfit

Last month, the security forces of Bangladesh unearthed the existence of a new terrorist group called Ansar Ullah Bangla. The discovery of this group surprised many since the country for a few years has been having an active counter-terror operation in place.

Understanding China’s message to our country
Jun 04, 2020

Understanding China’s message to our country

After Doklam, China seems to want to ‘expose’ once again how India’s Quad allies are concerned only about the shared waters of the Indo-Pacific

Understanding continuing decline in Indian exports
Oct 08, 2015

Understanding continuing decline in Indian exports

For India to become a part of the global value chains, a better intellectual property regime is needed. Further, India needs to take measures to be a part of the mega regionals which are going to shape the future of global trade architecture such as TPP and RCEP.

Understanding emerging contours of powers and hegemony
Sep 28, 2010

Understanding emerging contours of powers and hegemony

Dr. Sergey Kurginyan noted that the world at present faces the threat of descending into a vortex of chaos and whoever succeeds in managing this chaos effectively will be able to take control of the future of the international system as the new hegemon.

Understanding India, UK perspectives on Afghanistan
Mar 21, 2013

Understanding India, UK perspectives on Afghanistan

To understand the different perspectives of the UK and India on the evolving situation in Afghanistan and the implications of the Arab Spring, Observer Research Foundation organised an interaction with experts from the Foreign Commonwealth Office on March 21, 2013.

Understanding the different shades of populism around the world
Aug 14, 2019

Understanding the different shades of populism around the world

The 21st century sees the rise of populist politics. It should be investigated in its myriad manifestations taking root across the world.

Understanding the dynamics of Baloch nationalism
Nov 23, 2009

Understanding the dynamics of Baloch nationalism

The state of Pakistan, dominated by Punjabis, has responded to Baloch nationalism with brutal methods of suppression

Understanding the Economic Issues in Sri Lanka’s Current Debacle
Jul 20, 2023

Understanding the Economic Issues in Sri Lanka’s Current Debacle

Sri Lanka, which in the 1970s was being hailed as a development success story for a low-income nation, is now mired in a financial and economic disaster, its worst yet since independence in 1948. Despite notable investments in infrastructure projects, and a largely stable growth rate from 2013 to 2019, the Sri Lankan story was marred by a series of untimely and mismanaged economic measures that led to the current meltdown. External factors have c

Understanding the Emerging Contours of Power and Hegemony
Mar 15, 2011

Understanding the Emerging Contours of Power and Hegemony

Observer Research Foundation and the Experimental Creativity Centre (ECC), Moscow, completed the second leg of their collaborative research project on the theme "Understanding the Emerging Contours of Power and Hegemony - Contemporary Geo-political Narratives" in New Delhi on March 15-16, 2010.

Understanding the Rejuvenation of China’s Revolutionary Impulse
Sep 15, 2022

Understanding the Rejuvenation of China’s Revolutionary Impulse

Various explanations have been proffered for Chinese President Xi Jinping’s renewed emphasis on ideology. The popular narratives attribute it to either Xi’s power ambitions, or a reaction rooted in his personal trauma during the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s. Meanwhile, an alternative discourse projects the rise of ideology politics as a response to a possible legitimacy crisis facing the Communist Party of China (CPC). This paper weighs i

Understanding the situation in Pakistan
Mar 11, 2009

Understanding the situation in Pakistan

Most experts who attended the focus group discussion on the situation in Pakistan at ORF felt that South Punjab is going to be next stronghold of terrorism in Pakistan

Unemployment: China's Internal Stability Concerns
Jun 06, 2015

Unemployment: China's Internal Stability Concerns

China has built up capacity to control unrest in the form of the ever increasing budget for maintaining domestic stability, but the state cannot forever use the tool of coercion to control unrest in the face of ever increasing unemployment.

Unending Lokpal debate: Is there a hidden agenda?
Jun 28, 2011

Unending Lokpal debate: Is there a hidden agenda?

Some observers believe after closely watching the activities of Anna Hazare and his civil society team that it is nothing short of the beginning of a political movement for changing the Government. Only time will tell whether such thinking is right or wrong.

Unequal Accommodation: A National Stockholm Syndrome?
Apr 19, 2005

Unequal Accommodation: A National Stockholm Syndrome?

Both India and Pakistan would have reasons to be satisfied with the joint statement issued at the end of President General Pervez Musharraf's visit to New Delhi from April 16 to 18, 2005, for talks with our Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh.

UNESCO caught in the Japan-Korea crossfire
Jun 02, 2015

UNESCO caught in the Japan-Korea crossfire

Historical issues straining Japan-Korea ties have severely limited the two countries to leverage their strategic and economic convergences to strengthen their partnership which could contribute a lot for regional peace and stability.

Unfamiliar territory
Jul 24, 2013

Unfamiliar territory

BSF's firing incident near Ramban has caused widespread protest in Kashmir and once again brought into focus the atrocious record of the BSF in Kashmir, for which the responsibility must rest with the Union Home Ministry. The BSF were never raised as a counterinsurgency force, yet, in 1990, they were pitched into Kashmir.

UNHRC takes 'Global War' to the ground
Mar 31, 2014

UNHRC takes 'Global War' to the ground

In Geneva UNHRC session, while West resolution against Sri Lanka, that satisfied none - possibly starting with the movers and shakers of the world that the US and Europe think they are - managed to muster 23 votes, those 'not in favour' added up to a higher 24, comprising 12 against and 12 'abstentions'

Uniform Civil Code will simplify justice delivery
Jul 17, 2015

Uniform Civil Code will simplify justice delivery

If the government is serious about the empowering aspects of the Uniform Civil Code, it is imperative that the minority scepticism is assuaged. Clubbed together with contentious issues like Ram Mandir and abrogation of Article 370, and in the absence of a draft, the UCC becomes nightmare for the minorities.

Unimaginative Opposition
Jul 07, 2010

Unimaginative Opposition

Political parties appear to lack imagination. In this age of information technology, they need to apply their mind to devise innovative ways of arousing popular interest in public issues. There is a serious disconnect between the political representatives and the people.

Union Budget 15-16: Hopes for a market driven rebalance
Feb 28, 2015

Union Budget 15-16: Hopes for a market driven rebalance

The premise of this Budget seems to be a market oriented growth strategy - wholly fair given that the government will struggle to fund the growth needs of the country otherwise. One should hope this budget has set the controls for a larger shift in the government's approach towards administration and efficacy.

Union Budget has to deliver on reforms
Feb 05, 2015

Union Budget has to deliver on reforms

What the people want of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and indeed expect, is an economic revolution that will change their lives and those of their children. To this end, Modi's actions, so far, add up to several IOUs, and a number of promises in the form of temporary measures pushed through in the form of ordinances.

Union Budget inflationary, says former Revenue Secretary
May 03, 2011

Union Budget inflationary, says former Revenue Secretary

If the dreams of this Union Budget have to become a reality, two important aspects need to be addressed -- transparency and efficiency, says former Revenue Secretary Sivaraman.

United Nations should be used to pressure Pakistan: Shashi Tharoor
Feb 22, 2011

United Nations should be used to pressure Pakistan: Shashi Tharoor

Drawing on his immense knowledge as a former UN career diplomat, Dr. Shashi Tharoor, suggested enforcement of various instruments of the United Nations to force Pakistan to comply with its counterterrorism commitments.

United States and the world
Jan 25, 2005

United States and the world

Continuity rather than change may well be the mark of the second Bush administration's foreign policy.It was billed as `the liberty speech.' George W. Bush, beginning his second term as President, said: ""It is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world.""

Unjust economic system, mal-governance behind Dhaka Rana Plaza disaster
Mar 18, 2014

Unjust economic system, mal-governance behind Dhaka Rana Plaza disaster

The Rana Plaza disaster in Bangladesh, which had killed 1133 workers and injured more than 1800, was symbolic of a much deeper crisis, not limited to Bangladesh, according to Prof. Rehman Sobhan, chairman of the Centre of Policy Dialogue, Dhaka.

Unleashing the CBI, the BJP style
Oct 16, 2015

Unleashing the CBI, the BJP style

From 'being the Congress's most trusted alliance partner' during the UPA years, the CBI has now morphed into the BJP's instrumentality of 'fixing' political opponents. Prima facie it appears to be the case and analysts think one will see more empirical evidence of an aggressive CBI in the coming weeks as the BJP feels the pressure on rising intolerance in the country.

Unlocking the Potential of Marine Natural Gas Hydrate Energy in India
Jul 04, 2023

Unlocking the Potential of Marine Natural Gas Hydrate Energy in India

Natural gas is an efficient bridge fuel between high-emission fuels and renewable energy systems. Due to limited conventional natural gas reserves, India imports more than half of its natural gas requirements. Increased production of natural gas from domestically available resources could help India reduce gas imports, achieve national emission intensity targets, and honour international climate commitments. Marine gas hydrates ar

Unpacking Pakistan's economic meltdown
Jun 15, 2023

Unpacking Pakistan's economic meltdown

The likelihood of Pakistan defaulting on its foreign obligations this year appears more imminent than ever

Unquiet on the front
Aug 12, 2013

Unquiet on the front

After the Ladakh intrusion, Delhi has sensibly stepped up the conversation on LAC management with Beijing. The recent violence on the LoC demands the same with Islamabad. When he meets Nawaz Sharif in New York next month, Manmohan Singh must seek Pakistan's renewed political support for the LoC ceasefire and an agreement to translate that commitment into a military reality.

Unravelling fiscal stress
Apr 03, 2021

Unravelling fiscal stress

Turning on a light switch and flooding a dark room with light instantly is apt for describing what happens once health security–related lockdowns an

Unrest in Tibet and the Chinese response
Mar 30, 2009

Unrest in Tibet and the Chinese response

The current phase of disturbances in Tibet began when five monks in the monastery town of Derge in Gansu province on 27 January demanding the independence of Tibet and return of the Dalai Lama demonstrated outside the monastery attracting crowds of villagers

Unrest in Tunisia, protestors demand dissolution of government
Aug 05, 2013

Unrest in Tunisia, protestors demand dissolution of government

Protests broke out in Tunisia after opposition politician Mohamed Brahmi was assassinated outside his home on 25 July, 2013. His assassination is not the first in recent months.

UNSC Reforms and India
Feb 18, 2011

UNSC Reforms and India

India is all set to begin serious efforts to secure a permanent seat in the UN Security Council (UNSC). Two years of non-permanent membership after 19 long years with rotating Presidency of the Council twice over the next two years will mark India's innings.