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#Uniform Civil Code: क्यों एक नाज़ुक मोड़ पर पहुंच चुका है समान नागरिक संहिता का मसला?
Jul 12, 2022

#Uniform Civil Code: क्यों एक नाज़ुक मोड़ पर पहुंच चुका है समान नागरिक संहिता का मसला?

क्या मौजूदा शासन के तहत समान नागरिक संहिता की स्थापना धर�

#US and Red Sea: अमेरिका और लाल सागर की बदलती भू-राजनीति
Jul 23, 2022

#US and Red Sea: अमेरिका और लाल सागर की बदलती भू-राजनीति

लाल सागर और इसके इर्द गिर्द बड़ी ताक़तों के बीच प्रभाव स्�

#US China tension: हिंद-प्रशांत क्षेत्र में नई सरकारों के साथ, नए दांव-पेच में लगा चीन
Jun 02, 2022

#US China tension: हिंद-प्रशांत क्षेत्र में नई सरकारों के साथ, नए दांव-पेच में लगा चीन

हिंद प्रशांत क्षेत्र में अमेरिका को मात देने के लिए चीन कुछ भी करने को तैयार है. वह ऑस्ट्रेलिया और दक्षिण कोरिया को भी गले लगाने का तैयार है. इस तरह चीन ने अपनी कूटनीति को धार

#ब्रिटेन: ऋषि सुनक होने की चुनौतियां!
Oct 31, 2022

#ब्रिटेन: ऋषि सुनक होने की चुनौतियां!

10, डाउनिंग स्ट्रीट में ऋषि सुनक की आमद इतिहास बनाने वाली भले हो, मगर ये सफ़र बहुत चुनौतियों वाला है, जो किसी कमज़ोर दिल वाले के बस की बात नहीं.

#भारत-अफ़ग़ानिस्तान संबंध: अपनी शर्तों पर ही तालिबान से संपर्क बढ़ाने की सोच रख भारत!
Jun 22, 2022

#भारत-अफ़ग़ानिस्तान संबंध: अपनी शर्तों पर ही तालिबान से संपर्क बढ़ाने की सोच रख भारत!

करते परवान गुरुद्वारे पर हमले ने अफ़ग़ानिस्तान में भारत की हालिया सक्रियता पर नए सिरे से सवाल खड़े कर दिए हैं क्योंकि काबुल में तालिबान के काबिज होने के बाद नई दिल्ली उसके

#भारत-चीन संबंध: दोनों देशों के आपसी संबंधों में फिर से तनाव!
Sep 01, 2022

#भारत-चीन संबंध: दोनों देशों के आपसी संबंधों में फिर से तनाव!

श्रीलंका में भारतीय और चीनी राजनयिक मिशन के बीच एक चीनी मिलिट्री रिसर्च पोत के वहां पहुंचने को लेकर सोशल मीडिया पर बहस छिड़ गई.

#यूरेशिया: रूस को लेकर यूरोप में बढ़ रहा है मतभेद!
Jul 30, 2023

#यूरेशिया: रूस को लेकर यूरोप में बढ़ रहा है मतभेद!

अगर यूरोप ऐसे ही बंटा रहा, तो फिर वो अपने पड़ोस में रूस और य

#रूस-यूक्रेन जंग को तत्काल रोकना ज़रूरी; भारत-चीन की हो सकती है अहम् भूमिका
Jul 31, 2023

#रूस-यूक्रेन जंग को तत्काल रोकना ज़रूरी; भारत-चीन की हो सकती है अहम् भूमिका

इस वक़्त विश्व बिरादरी की प्राथमिकता यूक्रेन जंग को फ़ौर

#श्रीलंका की आर्थिक-राजनीतिक दुर्दशा के बाद दुनिया के कई मुल्‍कों में बजी ख़तरे की घंटी!
Jul 20, 2022

#श्रीलंका की आर्थिक-राजनीतिक दुर्दशा के बाद दुनिया के कई मुल्‍कों में बजी ख़तरे की घंटी!

ख़ुशहाल और समृद्ध देशों में शुमार श्रीलंका की आर्थिक बदहाली के बाद दुनिया के इन मुल्‍कों की चिंता बढ़ गई है. इसमें पाकिस्तान और नेपाल भी शामिल हैं. बता दें कि श्रीलंका अपनी आ�

#श्रीलंका संकट को लेकर चीन के जवाब को समझिए!
Aug 05, 2022

#श्रीलंका संकट को लेकर चीन के जवाब को समझिए!

दांव पर बहुत कुछ लगा होने के बावजूद श्रीलंका में आर्थिक स�

#हिंद-प्रशांत: क्या क्वॉड इंडो-पैसिफिक क्षेत्र का एशियाई NATO बनने की राह पर है?
Jun 30, 2022

#हिंद-प्रशांत: क्या क्वॉड इंडो-पैसिफिक क्षेत्र का एशियाई NATO बनने की राह पर है?

सवाल यह है कि क्या क्वॉड या इस तरह का कोई प्लैटफॉर्म एशियन नेटो की तरह उभर सकता है?

03 मार्च: पाकिस्तान के कथित ‘लोकतंत्र’ में संवैधानिक बदनामी का दिन!
Apr 05, 2022

03 मार्च: पाकिस्तान के कथित ‘लोकतंत्र’ में संवैधानिक बदनामी का दिन!

इमरान ख़ान के ख़िलाफ़ अविश्वास प्रस्ताव ख़ारिज होने से प

14th BRICS Summit: ब्रिक्स में भारत को क्या हासिल हुआ?
Jun 29, 2022

14th BRICS Summit: ब्रिक्स में भारत को क्या हासिल हुआ?

ब्रिक्स सम्मेलन को प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने भी संबोधित किया, लेकिन, उन्होंने अपने संबोधन में चीन और रूस पर उठआए मसलों पर बयान न देकर सिर्फ महामारी के संदर्भ में वैश्वि�

17वां CII-एग्ज़िम बैंक कॉन्क्लेव: भारत-अफ़्रीका विकास भागीदारी की संभावना
Aug 30, 2022

17वां CII-एग्ज़िम बैंक कॉन्क्लेव: भारत-अफ़्रीका विकास भागीदारी की संभावना

हाल ही में भारत में संपन्न CII-एग्ज़िम बैंक कॉन्क्लेव से व्�

2+2 बैठक : नये अवसर तलाश रहे हैं दिल्ली और वाशिंगटन
Jul 31, 2023

2+2 बैठक : नये अवसर तलाश रहे हैं दिल्ली और वाशिंगटन

इस आपसी संलग्नता की गहराई बेजोड़ है और इस साझेदारी के चाल�

26/11: A Decade After
Dec 09, 2018

26/11: A Decade After

ORF examines the causes and consequences of the 26/11 attacks in this volume of articles (click thumbnail above) that focus on the multiple dimensions of this crisis and its aftermath: strategic, operational and tactical.

26/11: A decade after
Dec 09, 2018

26/11: A decade after

ORF examines the causes and consequences of the 26/11 attacks in this volume of articles (click thumbnail above) that focus on the multiple dimensions of this crisis and its aftermath: strategic, operational and tactical.

A conceptual analysis of Sino-Indian space deterrence and space warfighting
Apr 24, 2017

A conceptual analysis of Sino-Indian space deterrence and space warfighting

This paper evaluates the importance of a space military strategy for India against China. It argues that in light of China’s advances in space weapons, New Delhi needs to seriously consider developing at least a limited menu of space weapons and integrate them into India’s defence posture. It draws on conceptual literature on nuclear deterrence, air power and sea power to show that space weapons, at least some variants, are usable military in

A Contemporary Analysis of India–EU Cooperation in Counterterrorism
Aug 11, 2023

A Contemporary Analysis of India–EU Cooperation in Counterterrorism

India and the European Union (EU) share a deep political and strategic relationship that pivots around democracy, global rule of law, security, and trade. While the depth is obvious on paper, however, the partnership has delivered short on dividends expected by both sides. Yet diplomatic engagement remains robust, and in recent times is moving towards greater mutual understanding of the challenges of terrorism and the potential counterterrorism s

A fine balance: India’s voting record at the UNGA
Jul 25, 2017

A fine balance: India’s voting record at the UNGA

This brief studies India’s foreign policy preferences using an index based on historical voting patterns of member states at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). By visualising the trajectory of policy preferences for all member states in the UNGA, with a particular focus on India, this work identifies how India’s policy stance at the UN has evolved in relation to its peers. It finds that Indian policy has maintained an exceptionally h

A House Divided: The SCO’s Afghanistan Conundrum
Aug 13, 2023

A House Divided: The SCO’s Afghanistan Conundrum

Separatism, extremism, and terrorism originating in Afghanistan compelled the neighbouring countries to form the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in 2001. However, instead of presenting a united front, the SCO is rife with disagreements. Increased divergences and mistrust among the members have helped the Taliban regain power in Afghanistan and strengthen its influence in the heart of Eurasia. The Taliban have taken advantage of the trust

A path to NSG: India’s rise in the global nuclear order
Dec 24, 2017

A path to NSG: India’s rise in the global nuclear order

This research provides an empirical analysis of India’s limited, but transformative position in the global nuclear order. By examining India’s bid for a Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) membership, this paper makes three major arguments. First, India’s attempt to acquire veto power status through the NSG challenges classical revisionism in international relations theory. Second, India’s rise through the NSG is based on selective coalition-bu

A Primer on US and EU response to India’s Abrogation of Article 370
Oct 16, 2020

A Primer on US and EU response to India’s Abrogation of Article 370

This paper outlines the responses of the US Congress and European Union (EU) parliament to the Indian government’s abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution and the surrounding events, including the communications lockdown in Kashmir. It notes contrasting responses: the US Congress showed a binary reaction of moderate and extreme calls to action, and the EU parliament honed a more expansive approach to address India’s apparent “democrat

A shadow over Chabahar’s fate
Jan 23, 2018

A shadow over Chabahar’s fate

Afghanistan’s willingness to accept China’s offer to join its ambitious China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and the possibility of Russian support to Chabahar lends a new nuance to the contestation brewing between India, China and Pakistan.

A.I. in the Chinese military: Current initiatives and the implications for India
Feb 11, 2020

A.I. in the Chinese military: Current initiatives and the implications for India

The different service arms of China’s armed forces are all undergoing substantial transformation, including exploring the possibilities of integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI) to boost their combat power and effectiveness especially in a time of war. This paper evaluates the significance and potential of AI in improving China’s military capabilities. Chinese official documents and their enunciation of military doctrine indicate that the c

Africa and COVID19: Impact, Response, and Challenges to Recovery
Sep 28, 2020

Africa and COVID19: Impact, Response, and Challenges to Recovery

The COVID-19 outbreak poses immense challenges to Africa’s resilience. The pandemic’s economic fallout, caused by disruptions in global and regional value chains and a slump in commodity prices, can derail the progress which the continent has recorded in recent years. Despite the bleak forecasts, however, African countries have managed to mount a concerted response to the pandemic. This paper examines the extent of the economic and health imp

Africa’s ‘Agenda 2063’: A document of hope
Aug 20, 2023

Africa’s ‘Agenda 2063’: A document of hope

Even after the decolonisation of Africa, the continent was unable to formulate, let alone implement its own agenda because of its deep political and economic vulnerabilities. This situation has changed in the last two decades, and today, Africa is witnessing political and economic resurgence. Its leaders realise that the time has come for African development to be owned and driven by the African people themselves. There is a new enthusiasm for th

Agnipath Military Recruitment Scheme: Embracing the Global Practice for the Indian Context
Aug 17, 2023

Agnipath Military Recruitment Scheme: Embracing the Global Practice for the Indian Context

The short-term military enlistment scheme, Agnipath, announced in June this year, is a radical departure from India’s past recruitment policies. This brief examines the military recruitment practices of other militaries such as those of the United States, China, Russia, and the United Kingdom. It finds that these Western militaries' adoption of short-term enlistment is driven by imperatives which may not apply in the Indian context. Ind

An Assessment of President Hu’s visit to India
Jul 24, 2023

An Assessment of President Hu’s visit to India

In the backdrop of Chinese President Hu Jintao's visit to India, a roundtable discussion was organized by Observer Research Foundation on December 1, 2006 to assess the outcome of the visit and its impact on relations between the two countries. The discussion focused on how the India-China relationship would evolve in the wake of the visit.

An Intellectual History of Modern Leftist Politics in the US
Aug 14, 2023

An Intellectual History of Modern Leftist Politics in the US

Left-wing activism amongst young people in the United States is on the rise, in no small part aided by the internet and social media. The generation which demographic researchers refer to as ‘Gen-Z’—or those born between the mid- to late 1990s to the early 2010s—is becoming more politically engaged. This brief offers an intellectual history of modern-day leftist politics in the US, and argues that it is primarily driven by the pur

Arab Spring has helped India, Turkey to promote their models in West Asia
Apr 25, 2013

Arab Spring has helped India, Turkey to promote their models in West Asia

The 'Arab Spring' has given an opportunity to India to present itself as a model to other countries, feels Prof Gawdat Bhagat of the Near-East and South Asia Centre for Strategic Studies at the National Defense University, Washington DC.

Army Aviation: Does the Army Needs it own Air Force?
Aug 23, 2023

Army Aviation: Does the Army Needs it own Air Force?

The National Security Initiative of the Observer Research Foundation held a workshop to examine the relevance of the Army Aviation Corps. This report details the outcome of a discussion amongst prominent defence personnel.

As India Acts East, the Role of West Bengal
Apr 22, 2021

As India Acts East, the Role of West Bengal

This brief examines the role of West Bengal as a leverage for India to enhance its relations with its eastern and southeastern neighbours. It identifies the domestic and geo-economic aspirations of the state, and outlines the impact of certain misplaced policies and the state’s conflictual relationship with the union government on West Bengal’s development goals. The brief calls on India to nurture a pragmatic, cooperative brand of federalism

ASEAN Summit: क्या आसियान शिखर सम्मेलन से कुछ ठोस हासिल होगा?
Jul 27, 2023

ASEAN Summit: क्या आसियान शिखर सम्मेलन से कुछ ठोस हासिल होगा?

अमेरिका एवं चीन के बीच बढ़ते तनाव और दूसरे महत्वपूर्ण भू-�

Assessing Biden’s Climate Agenda: Bold Promises, Slow Results
Aug 14, 2023

Assessing Biden’s Climate Agenda: Bold Promises, Slow Results

The Biden administration’s climate agenda is a crucial plank to restore American commitments to climate actions and reinstate US leadership globally. However, the agenda has been slow on results. Although the climate fight has been linked to most other federal goals, such as economy, jobs, infrastructure, and procurements, the Biden administration faces both domestic and external challenges that continue to limit how much it can achieve