Search: For - Artificial Intelligence

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Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers
Dec 21, 2018

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers

Even as Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) promise to revolutionise the battlefield, very little analysis moves beyond the great powers to examine the interests that middle powers may have in these systems. Shaped by their own geostrategic contexts, demographic issues and geography challenges, countries like India, South Korea, Indonesia or the Philippines may find utility in LAWS for improving the efficiency of their forces, reducing both

Bike-sharing’s new life in China after lockdown
Oct 09, 2020

Bike-sharing’s new life in China after lockdown

Because of the pandemic, shared vehicles are edging into the mainstream, slowly overtaking public transport and private cars as the favoured way of tr

Building a case for decentralised AI ethics
Oct 18, 2021

Building a case for decentralised AI ethics

A user-centric bottom-up approach to ethics in AI could be the answer to regulating AI innovation that is usually too fast and dynamic for a central r

Chelsea Finn is teaching Brett the Robot how the world works
Nov 22, 2018

Chelsea Finn is teaching Brett the Robot how the world works

In typical applications of robotics, you have a robot that does one thing over and over again. If something goes wrong, the robot is not able to adapt

Completing the 1991 Agenda: Reforms for the Fourth Industrial Revolution 
Jul 24, 2021

Completing the 1991 Agenda: Reforms for the Fourth Industrial Revolution 

The reforms of 1991 were designed for a different technological frontier than what faces India in 2021.

Data free flow with trust: Is there a solution in sight?
Jan 28, 2023

Data free flow with trust: Is there a solution in sight?

2023 could be a monumental year for facilitating DFFT as more and more countries are moving away from the concept of blanket data localisation

Deep fake, disinformation, and deception
Aug 25, 2023

Deep fake, disinformation, and deception

The adoption of generative AI in cognitive warfare poses a significant threat to national security

Developing an Effective Anti-Drone System for India’s Armed Forces
May 23, 2023

Developing an Effective Anti-Drone System for India’s Armed Forces

The use of drones or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), both for military and civilian purposes, has increased in India in the past decade. At the same time, counter-drone systems are also being developed to address the threats posed by UAVs. How effective are these counter-drone mechanisms? This brief explores this question, and offers suggestions for India to reduce the growing threat from drones. Any evaluation of the efficacy of anti-drone syst

Digital Dreams, Real Challenges: Key Factors Driving India’s AI Ecosystem
May 08, 2024

Digital Dreams, Real Challenges: Key Factors Driving India’s AI Ecosystem

India, like much of the rest of the world, is faced with the twin but opposing conditions of economic potential and social concerns that need to be negotiated to realise the digital dividends from artificial intelligence (AI) and achieve sustainable and balanced growth. AI systems involve layers of technological dependencies that necessitate and enable social and institutional interdependency between stakeholders, enabling conditions, and resourc

Digital Wise: How will we prepare ourselves for the future?
Oct 13, 2020

Digital Wise: How will we prepare ourselves for the future?

Whole brain function is required to support not only analysis functions — where we zoom in to see the detail — but also synthesis functions where

E-governance possibilities in India for the post-COVID-19 era
May 19, 2020

E-governance possibilities in India for the post-COVID-19 era

Every time the government uses an e-governance technology, it results in more efficiency, lesser costs, lesser manpower requirement and lesser physica

Emerging technologies and India’s nuclear deterrent
Feb 05, 2019

Emerging technologies and India’s nuclear deterrent

Rapid transformation in disruptive technologies is going to change the nature of nuclear deterrence. Artificial intelligence, cyber weapons, hypersoni

Emerging technologies are transforming health systems in Africa
Jun 06, 2019

Emerging technologies are transforming health systems in Africa

The advances of science and technology are outpacing existing care and payment models, regulatory structures, and other governance systems.

Employing AI to Improve Healthcare Delivery
May 22, 2023

Employing AI to Improve Healthcare Delivery

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has already made inroads into healthcare. The increasing availability of healthcare data has allowed for the deployment of powerful AI techniques to assist drug development as well as clinical practice. These run the gamut from machine learning (ML) techniques that analyse structured data, to natural language processing (NLP) that can extract meaningful information from unstructured data, such as doctors’ notes. Thi

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward
Aug 17, 2023

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward

In recent years, different research institutions, government bodies, and private entities across countries have issued principles and guidelines for the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence (AI). There is little consensus, however, over universal ethical principles and how to implement them. What are the similarities and differences in AI ethics discussions across geographies, and what are the existing gaps? Crucially, if the larger goa

Ethics of neurotechnology: The intersection of neuroscience and military applications
Sep 05, 2023

Ethics of neurotechnology: The intersection of neuroscience and military applications

Striking a balance between technological advancement and ethical considerations will be essential to safeguard human rights and global security

Filling the Blanks: Putting Gender into Military A.I.
Aug 21, 2023

Filling the Blanks: Putting Gender into Military A.I.

Defence structures around the world are seeing a technological upheaving as new and emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) are being added to military arsenals. However, military AI largely lacks precision and is often developed without any threat-modelling which takes gender into account, examples of which are already being seen in civilian applications of AI. Translated into a conflict environment, deploying such AI systems cou

Five challenges that would shape the outcome of NEP 2020
Nov 26, 2021

Five challenges that would shape the outcome of NEP 2020

The path to successfully execute NEP is riddled with hurdles; the Centre and states need to work closely to overcome them

GIS application in emergency response and preventing terror attacks
Apr 06, 2017

GIS application in emergency response and preventing terror attacks

GIS systems allow predictions based on mobility information relating to speed and distance travelled.

Global collaboration in integrated AI and biotech
Dec 15, 2023

Global collaboration in integrated AI and biotech

While addressing aspects of the synergy between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and biotechnology, the existing regulatory landscape will need more expli

High and dry? AI and the fight against desertification
Jun 04, 2024

High and dry? AI and the fight against desertification

AI is a valuable ally in the fight against desertification, but we must stay mindful of the challenges new AI solutions will have to address for them

How can India make its technology policy powerful, innovative, and secure?
Apr 02, 2022

How can India make its technology policy powerful, innovative, and secure?

The monopoly of Big Tech firms impacts national sovereignty, fair competition, innovation diffusion, consumer rights, privacy, market efficiency, econ

How hypersonic weapons are redefining warfare
May 02, 2024

How hypersonic weapons are redefining warfare

Given the growing relevance of hypersonic weapons, India needs to accelerate its efforts in their development and in the deterrence of these weapons.

iCET: Promises and challenges
Feb 17, 2023

iCET: Promises and challenges

If the iCET crystallises into concrete reality, it will bring great gains for India

India must take the lead in the AI norms race
Mar 20, 2019

India must take the lead in the AI norms race

As Beijing sets its sights on dominance of the seas, it is also working to enhance its deep sea capabilities through “intelligentised” (智能) mi

India: Crucial cyberwarfare capabilities need to be upgraded
Sep 26, 2022

India: Crucial cyberwarfare capabilities need to be upgraded

Indian needs to adopt a more proactive approach and foresee the potential of cyber technologies in an active war scenario.

Indian startups and Chinese venture capital: The strategic dimension
Sep 11, 2019

Indian startups and Chinese venture capital: The strategic dimension

How does it play out in the larger technology war involving the US and China?

India–EU TTC meet: Amping up the strategic partnership
May 24, 2023

India–EU TTC meet: Amping up the strategic partnership

The TTC will enable India and the EU to add heft to their strategic partnership and showcase their strengths and policy outlooks on issues of mutual i

Is China hyping its 'intelligent' cruise missile capability?
Sep 05, 2016

Is China hyping its 'intelligent' cruise missile capability?

Beijing’s latest gambit is the release of a media report on the development of cruise missiles with artificial intelligence and autonomous capabilities.

Machine-driven weapons need an international system of accountability
Feb 22, 2019

Machine-driven weapons need an international system of accountability

In the absence of clear norms on human accountability and attribution for autonomous weapons, we could see states like Pakistan deploy LAWS for operations outside their borders.

Managing Expectations: Explainable A.I. and its Military Implications
Aug 16, 2023

Managing Expectations: Explainable A.I. and its Military Implications

The rapid uptake of artificial intelligence (AI) in the military in the past couple decades has been accompanied by a slow but gradual build-up in attempts to understand how these AI systems work to achieve better results in military operations. The idea behind what is called ‘eXplainable AI’ (XAI), and the technologies driving it, are a manifestation of this trend. The question, however, is if XAI in its current form is the solution

Merging dreams with acquisitions
Oct 26, 2016

Merging dreams with acquisitions

The Chinese acquisitions in high-tech industries in Europe and the US have accelerated in the past year.

Open-Source Intelligence Has Arrived
Oct 04, 2023

Open-Source Intelligence Has Arrived

The concept of ‘intelligence’ immediately brings to mind a covert world of spies, secrets, and classified documents. That might have been true in the past, but in the current age, Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT) is gaining prominence. OSINT is intelligence based on information that is publicly available and processed by any interested party, and complements traditional intelligence while providing greater situational awareness to a range of

Operational and tactical shifts: How modern wars are reshaping the battlefield
Jun 15, 2024

Operational and tactical shifts: How modern wars are reshaping the battlefield

The coupling of conventional and new, high-tech warfighting elements, as witnessed in recent conflicts, highlights the importance of a balanced approa

ORF takes on the budget
Feb 02, 2019

ORF takes on the budget

How does the interim budget impact some of the most critical facets of the Indian economy?

ORF takes on the budget
Feb 02, 2019

ORF takes on the budget

How does the interim budget impact some of the most critical facets of the Indian economy?

Our Digital Age and the Exercise and Contestation of Power
Mar 11, 2024

Our Digital Age and the Exercise and Contestation of Power

Over the last 30 years, digital innovation has been met with vacillating opinions on whether technology is emancipatory or tends to benefit those with political and/or economic power. In the context of innovations in AI in the early 2020s, this brief tackles the question: In a digital age, what is new in who exercises power over whom? It focuses on the power of States in relation to both citizens and territory, and outlines four areas where funda

Pie in the sky: The artificial ace
Aug 23, 2020

Pie in the sky: The artificial ace

A spectacular dogfight scoreline is tantalising, but still leaves a lot unsaid about the future of AI and autonomous warfare.

Pivotal regulatory considerations for #AIForAll
Jan 15, 2022

Pivotal regulatory considerations for #AIForAll

MeitY needs to spearhead the initiative to draft a suitable framework to regulate Artificial Intelligence by working closely with relevant stakeholder