Search: For - policymaking

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Policymaking Towards Green Mobility in India
Oct 12, 2020

Policymaking Towards Green Mobility in India

Government agencies at the city, state and central level are paying greater attention to sustainable transport as the way forward for India’s mobility sector. However, for sustainability measures to have lasting outcomes in policy and practice, institutional reforms are urgently needed. The National Urban Transport Policy, which governs India’s urban mobility policymaking, was amended in 2014 to create city-specific, low-carbon mobility solut

Economic Survey 2021-22: New data through new tools for new policymaking
Jan 31, 2022

Economic Survey 2021-22: New data through new tools for new policymaking

This year’s survey encompasses the massive changes that the country has had to go through over the decades in the long term as well as through the p

Eight reforms to reimagine policymaking for 21st century India
May 24, 2023

Eight reforms to reimagine policymaking for 21st century India

Three poorly-designed recent policies display a yawning gap between the makers and the takers of economic policy

Mann Ki Baat: Innovation in Indian policymaking
Sep 19, 2017

Mann Ki Baat: Innovation in Indian policymaking

Governments are architects designing our range of choices and social environment. Using formal behavioural science towards design, they can craft smar

Reimagine cities, rethink urban policymaking, realign its purpose
Jan 28, 2021

Reimagine cities, rethink urban policymaking, realign its purpose

It is about recognising that while cities offer economic opportunities to millions, they come with poor and overcrowded housing, lack of safe water an

Technology policymaking in India: The need for a paradigm shift
Jan 15, 2022

Technology policymaking in India: The need for a paradigm shift

To emerge as tech power in the future, India needs to rethink its approach towards policymaking

The Case for a Feminist Approach to Gender-Based Violence Policymaking in India
Apr 11, 2023

The Case for a Feminist Approach to Gender-Based Violence Policymaking in India

India’s social structure, with enduring gender inequalities rooted in patriarchal norms, plays a significant role in perpetuating gender-based violence (GBV). Women in India have been victims of infanticide, selective abortions, sex trafficking, stalking, dowry demands, child marriages, acid attacks, and honour killings. This brief explores the social dimension of GBV in India and assesses how gaps in legislation help to perpetuate them. It als

7 economic reforms that await Modi Season 2
May 24, 2019

7 economic reforms that await Modi Season 2

With Verdict 2019 giving a greater political force to Modi’s next five years, we hope some of them will make the grade, or at least, in experiential

70 Policies — Agricultural Prices Commission, 1965
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Agricultural Prices Commission, 1965

Completely aligned with a control mindset, the practice of ensuring that farmers get a fair return on their production in an era of food surpluses con

70 Policies — Controller of Capital Issues, 1947
Aug 01, 2018

70 Policies — Controller of Capital Issues, 1947

This law enacted in 1947 showed who would be in charge of capital in socialist India.

70 Policies — Development Finance Institutions, 1948
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Development Finance Institutions, 1948

In their new avatars, ICICI Bank and IDBI Bank command the size and scale to repeat that performance for household finance, while IFCI is teetering un

70 Policies — Essential Commodities Act, 1955
Aug 03, 2018

70 Policies — Essential Commodities Act, 1955

At a time when India was emerging from the aftermath of Partition and shortages, the objective of this Act was to protect citizens from exploitation b

70 Policies — Factories Act, 1948
Aug 01, 2018

70 Policies — Factories Act, 1948

The Factories Act ensures that working conditions of Indian labour are humane and entitles them to protection against loose processes.

70 Policies — Finance Commissions, 1951
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Finance Commissions, 1951

Finance Commissions decide the distribution taxes between the centre and the states, and is the key financial lever determining the federal structure

70 Policies — Food Corporation of India, 1965
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Food Corporation of India, 1965

The new FCI should be a market-friendly agency for food management, with a primary focus on creating competition in every segment of foodgrain supply

70 Policies — Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973

The Foreign Exchange Regulation Act extended controls to “the use or disposal of — or dealings in — coin, bullion, securities or foreign exchang

70 Policies — Indian Standards Institution (Certification Marks) Act, 1952
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Indian Standards Institution (Certification Marks) Act, 1952

As companies and producers began to embrace and communicate their adherence to the “ISI Mark” as a virtue, the mark and the quality it certified s

70 Policies — Industrial Policy Resolution, 1956
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Industrial Policy Resolution, 1956

The resolution emphasised on support for cottage, village and small-scale industries by restricting production for large players, differential taxatio

70 Policies — Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951

The law declared “in the public interest” — a term that would get echoed over the next five decades for several laws and policies, to mean the c

70 Policies — Institutes of Technology Act, 1961
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Institutes of Technology Act, 1961

While building institutions is hard, maintaining them is even harder.

70 Policies — Minimum Wages Act, 1948
Aug 01, 2018

70 Policies — Minimum Wages Act, 1948

Through the Minimum Wages Act, the Parliament declared that governments — not economic agents — would decide the amount of wages paid.

70 Policies — Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969
Aug 06, 2018

70 Policies — Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969

A five-decade-old issue — concentration of economic power, dominance in the hands of the few and the resultant inequalities — remains alive even t

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Air India, 1953
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Air India, 1953

If airlines symbolised the travel of the rich, they should logically have been banned altogether or taxed heavily. Instead, the government nationalise

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Banks, 1969
Jul 19, 2019

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Banks, 1969

“Nationalisation,” Indira Gandhi proclaimed, “is necessary for the speedy achievement of these objectives.”

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Coal Mines, 1971
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Coal Mines, 1971

In terms of outcomes, the first decade of coal nationalisation saw “political patronage of mafia activities” and bureaucratic corruption.

70 Policies — Nationalisation of General Insurance, 1972
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — Nationalisation of General Insurance, 1972

From 1972 to 2002, the journey of GIC — from nationalisation to a general insurance monopoly to opening up to private competition and finally to bec

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Life Insurance, 1956
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Nationalisation of Life Insurance, 1956

While the ostensible reason for nationalisation and the obliteration of all competition was unfair practices of the companies and the protection of po

70 Policies — Oil and Natural Gas Division, 1955
Aug 03, 2018

70 Policies — Oil and Natural Gas Division, 1955

Intermingled with ONGC’s corporate structure was India’s strategic goal of energy security, the route to which was through global acquisitions.

70 Policies — Planning Commission, 1950
Aug 02, 2018

70 Policies — Planning Commission, 1950

An analysis of the agenda papers and records of the first 50 meetings indicates the dominance of a central economic thought, articulated by the prime

70 Policies — Public Provident Fund, 1968
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Public Provident Fund, 1968

Initially offered by post offices and branches of select public sector banks, today, most private sector banks can offer the provident fund scheme to

70 Policies — Sick Textile Undertakings (Nationalisation) Act, 1974
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — Sick Textile Undertakings (Nationalisation) Act, 1974

Possibly enthused by the socialist celebration of nationalisation as a silver bullet for all things market, the nationalisation of textile mills faile

70 Policies — Special Economic Zones, 1965
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Special Economic Zones, 1965

The Special Economic Zones Act was, and still remains, a difficult legislation to turn into action.

70 Policies — State Bank of India Act, 1955
Aug 03, 2018

70 Policies — State Bank of India Act, 1955

Through the six decades of SBI’s presence, the initial objective of extending “banking facilities on a large scale, more particularly in the rural

70 Policies — The 93.5 Percent Marginal Rate of Taxation, 1971
Aug 07, 2018

70 Policies — The 93.5 Percent Marginal Rate of Taxation, 1971

The intellectual framework for high taxes was set by Finance Minister C.D. Deshmukh in his 27 February 1953 Union Budget speech, where he set up the T

70 Policies: A treatise on the evolution of India’s political economy
Aug 24, 2018

70 Policies: A treatise on the evolution of India’s political economy

Focused primarily on the Indian economy, Gautam Chikermane's new book, 70 Policies, also explores the impact of external influences — legal, politic

Apprehensive world leaders need not worry yet, the US’s peculiar political system will keep Trump in check
Nov 10, 2016

Apprehensive world leaders need not worry yet, the US’s peculiar political system will keep Trump in check

At the end of the day, Trump’s policymaking will depend on the team that executes it, and, as of now, no one has a clue about what this team will look like.

COVID-19, Blue Economy, and the Climate Change Agenda: The case of Seychelles
May 18, 2020

COVID-19, Blue Economy, and the Climate Change Agenda: The case of Seychelles

The human toll of the COVID-19 pandemic has been devastating. At the same time, measures to tackle the crisis have affected national economies and grounded global trade to a halt. Small Island Developing States (SIDS) such as the Seychelles are amongst the countries that have suffered some of the worst economic impacts of the outbreak. The current situation illustrates the global state of unpreparedness for a pandemic and points to similar inadeq

Does budget 2020 provide material support for the ongoing health reforms?
Feb 07, 2020

Does budget 2020 provide material support for the ongoing health reforms?

Perhaps for the first time in the history of India’s health policymaking, multiple agencies are moving in a closely coordinated manner.

Early Childhood Care and Education: ‘The Elephant in the Room’ No More
Oct 03, 2022

Early Childhood Care and Education: ‘The Elephant in the Room’ No More

Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in India is enshrined in the Constitution and mandated under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act 2009. Yet, its implementation remains tentative for many reasons, primary of which is the absence of a clear government guideline regarding which Ministry is tasked with policymaking and implementation. This brief attempts to offer an answer for the government. It examines the conc

Energy policy options for post-Fukushima Japan
Apr 18, 2011

Energy policy options for post-Fukushima Japan

How can Japan bring in energy reforms with its weak political structures, a very strong nuclear lobby that can influence policymaking, and rising public discontent? Japan has seen five Prime Ministers in the last five years.

Ensuring Cyber Security in India’s Nuclear Systems
May 11, 2023

Ensuring Cyber Security in India’s Nuclear Systems

Cyber security should take centrestage in nuclear-policymaking. This brief evaluates the current state of cyber security in India’s civilian and military nuclear systems, as gleaned from both incidents of breach on-ground and analyses in the public discourse. It outlines the level of threats faced in this domain, and makes a case for the development of policy measures for an integrated cyber-nuclear security strategy.

Foreign policy challenges five years later
Jun 11, 2019

Foreign policy challenges five years later

In an unpredictable global environment, India needs to shape a domestic consensus in matters of Indian foreign policy.

India in Obama's new Asia pivot
Nov 12, 2012

India in Obama's new Asia pivot

If Obama's mandate is any guide, America is about to move to a softer, more socialised capitalist framework in which the people's welfare will be at the centre of policymaking. In a sense, America may be heading the European way in terms of pursuing social market policy.

India’s industrial policy is maturing
Jan 25, 2024

India’s industrial policy is maturing

India has undertaken steps towards exports-centric manufacturing and has kickstarted its own industrial policymaking, suggesting that India’s indust