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India’s Energy Transition in a Climate-Constrained World
Energy | Sustainable Development Nov 27, 2015

India’s Energy Transition in a Climate-Constrained World

Energy transitions in developing economies like India are complex processes involving substantial financial and technological resources as well as appropriate innovation. These transitions are central to the climate debate, where emphasis is placed on increasing the share of renewables in the energy mix to mitigate ...

Cyber Arms Race in Space: Exploring India’s Next Steps
Space | Cyber and Technology Nov 06, 2015

Cyber Arms Race in Space: Exploring India’s Next Steps

India's reliance on outer space has become critical in its social and economic growth stories in addition to its transformative impact in the national security context. With growing reliance comes vulnerability to adversarial attempts to harm India's capabilities, particularly from the new threat of cyber ...

India’s Gender Digital Divide: Women and Politics on Twitter
Gender | Media and Internet | GENDER ISSUES | Sustainable Development | Inclusion | Cyber and Technology | Digital Inclusion Oct 29, 2015

India’s Gender Digital Divide: Women and Politics on Twitter

This study explores the spatial politics of Othering and whether women aremarginalized in political conversations online in India. It's methodology consists of an analysis of23,350 tweets over an eight-day period. It shows a significant underrepresentation of women inTwitter's political conversations, which mirrors a real-world marginalization ...

Small Satellite Constellations: The Promise of ‘Internet for All’
Cyber and Technology | Digital Inclusion Sep 28, 2015

Small Satellite Constellations: The Promise of ‘Internet for All’

Over four billion people do not have access to Internet; that makes a huge two-thirds of the global population. In India, around four of every five people lack this basic resource. Various access technologies are being developed in different parts of the world to bridge ...

Justice System in Crisis: The Case of India’s Undertrial Prisoners
Domestic Politics and Governance | State Level Politics | National Politics | Law and Justice Aug 20, 2015

Justice System in Crisis: The Case of India’s Undertrial Prisoners

Six of every 10 of India's prisoners languishing in jails across the country are undertrials: their cases have yet to be tried, and they are spending more time in jail than they would have, if convicted. The slow march to justice for undertrials must be ...

Pushing India’s Small-Scale Industries to the Economic Forefront
Indian Economy | Development | Economics and Finance | Sustainable Development Aug 12, 2015

Pushing India’s Small-Scale Industries to the Economic Forefront

India's small-scale industries contribute 15 percent to GDP yet they have been long ignored, receiving little policy support and inadequate infrastructure. As they have the potential to transform the socioeconomic architecture of the country, policy interventions are necessary to make small enterprises more efficient and ...

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight
Domestic Politics and Governance | Defence and Security | Internal Security | Indian Defence Jul 23, 2015

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight

This report draws from the conference on the Future Challenges to India's Intelligence System organised by ORF in February 2015. What tasks face India's intelligence agencies in implementing reforms in order to address the more complex national security threats confronting the country today? ...

Re-examining India’s Nuclear Doctrine
Defence and Security | Nuclear Security Jul 08, 2015

Re-examining India’s Nuclear Doctrine

This paper follows the proceedings of a workshop organised by ORF in August 2014 to re-examine India's nuclear doctrine. The workshop explored the challenges posed to India by Pakistan's introduction of battlefield nuclear weapons or Tactical Nuclear Weapons (TNWs), New Delhi's interest in acquiring a ...

Turkey Says ‘No’ to Presidential Government
International Affairs Jun 25, 2015

Turkey Says ‘No’ to Presidential Government

The general elections of 7 June 2015 were Turkey's last scheduled elections until the next one in 2019. Coming at a time when the country and its neighbours are on the brink of profound transformation, and given the increasing complexity of the socio-political situation in ...