Australia Group, Export Control Regimes, Missile Technology Control Regime, MTCR, Non-Proliferation, NPT, NSG, Nuclear Suppliers Group, Wassenaar Arrangement, Weapons of Mass Destruction, WMD

Locating India within the Global Non-Proliferation Architecture: Prospects, Challenges and Opportunities

Australia Group, Export Control Regimes, Missile Technology Control Regime, MTCR, Non-Proliferation, NPT, NSG, Nuclear Suppliers Group, Wassenaar Arrangement, Weapons of Mass Destruction, WMD

India has been steadfast in its commitment to non-proliferation: to not engage in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems to other states and non-state actors. Its relationship with international non-proliferation regimes, however, has not been without challenges, including with the export control regimes designed to serve the same objectives. Over the last decade, this relationship has changed dramatically. From once being a target of these mechanisms, India is now becoming an active participant. This improvement has been a result of better understanding between India and the international non-proliferation community on the country's role in the global cause. The global non-proliferation community has come to realise that it stands to gain by having in its fold a responsible power with advanced technologies such as India.

This monograph makes an assessment of the prospects of India's inclusion to the export control regimes. It begins by analysing the technical parameters for membership and whether or not India meets them. This includes an examination of India's domestic export control system — both control list and legal framework. The next chapter delves into the political debates on India's membership to the four export control regimes. This takes into consideration the objections to India's accession that are being raised by some members of these regimes. The monograph closes by laying out a set of recommendations for the Indian government and the member countries of these regimes on both technical and political factors assessed, consideration of which could facilitate India's entry into the export control regimes.

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Author

Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan

Arka Biswas